How to Use Libhybris and Android GPU Libraries with Mer (Linux) on the Cubieboard
You may have heard about libhybris, a library that cleverly loads Android HW adaptations and convert calls from bionic to glibc. One of the greatest achievement of this library is to allow Android GPU drivers to be used with Linux, and is notably used by Canonical, although they did not write it, for Ubuntu 14.04 which will be compatible with any recent Android smartphones or tablets.
One way to get started with libhybris is to port a device to Ubuntu Touch, but this may take a while. However, I’ve found a faster and easier way to play with libhybris thanks to Martin Brook (vgrade) who wrote a tutorial on how to use libhybris with Mer on the Cubieboard. Mer is an open source mobile Linux distribution powered by Qt/QML and HTML5, that’s born from the ashes of Meego, and is now used in the upcoming Sailfish OS.
You’ll need to follow 4 main steps:
- Build Android
- Build a minimal Mer image
- Install Libhybris
- Run demos
I’ll skip the Mer image build since Martin has provided a binary image. I’ll use a build machine running Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS. You should make sure the build environment is setup correctly, you’ve installed repo, and that it’s in your path. I’ll use the Cubieboard (1GB RAM), but you may want to try other hardware platform, or Linux distribution as the instructions should be similar.
Build Android for the Cubieboard
This is basically following the instructions provided here. First let’s code Android Jelly Bean (CyanogenMod) source code:
mkdir openbox && cd openbox repo init --no-repo-verify -u git://github.com/cubieboard/manifests -b cb -m jb.xml repo sync
repo sync may take quite a while depending on your Internet connection. It took 10 hours, after several attempts over three days… Once this is done, we’ll need to configure the build for the Cubieboard:
source build/envsetup.sh lunch
Select Cubieboard (#4), and start the build:
The build initially failed with this error:
****************************** You have tried to change the API from what has been previously approved. To make these errors go away, you have two choices: 1) You can add "@hide" javadoc comments to the methods, etc. listed in the errors above. 2) You can update current.txt by executing the following command: make update-api ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ NO. NO. STOP BEING LAZY. SERIOUSLY. DO NOT DO THIS in CM. THIS IS A LIE. IF YOU DO THIS I WILL HATE YOU. USE OPTION #1. -Koush To submit the revised current.txt to the main Android repository, you will need approval. ******************************
So I shamelessly typed “make update-api” to automatically update current.txt, and continued the build with “make -j10”. The build may also take quite a while depending on your computer performance and available RAM. This step was much faster than repo sync in my case, as it just took about 45 minutes in total.
The Android build is now completed, but we need still to patch Bionic library, and rebuild:
cd bionic wget http://pastie.org/pastes/7649385/download -O bionic_libhybris.patch patch -p1 < bionic_libhybris.patch cd .. make -j10
Now let’s tar Android’s system directory as we’ll need to copy the will have the patched bionic library plus all the android libs (EGL, GLESv2, RIL etc):
pushd out/target/product/cubieboard/system/ tar cjvf ../../../../../cubie_android_system.tar.bz2 . popd
Installing and Running Mer
Since we don’t build the image ourself, this step is rather easy, as we just need to download the image, and dump it to a micro SD card.
bzip2 -d nemo-cubieboard-tablet-cubieboard-mer-testing-armv7hl-weekly-20130511-1516-mmcblk0p.raw.bz2
Burn the image to a microSD card (4GB or greater):
sudo dd.sh if=nemo-cubieboard-tablet-cubieboard-mer-testing-armv7hl-weekly-20130511-1516-mmcblk0p.raw of=/dev/<sd_device> bs=1M sync
Where you need to replace <sd_device> by your actual SD card device such as “sdc”.
My 4GB microSD is slightly smaller than the image provided, so dd failed at the very end. But you can usually run the following 2 commands on the last partition (in this case ext4) in order to resize the partition, and fix any potential boot problems:
e2fsck -y /dev/sdc2 resize2fs /dev/sdc2 +3300K
Interestingly, this time those commands failed, but I still inserted the microSD in my Cubieboard, and I was able to login successfully into Mer via the serial console as root (password: mer). You should also have access a terminal on the HDMI monitor.
We don’t want X to start anymore, so let’s disable it and restart the Cubieboard:
zypper rm uxlauncher reboot
If you’re using HDMI console, switch to VT2 (Ctrl+Alt+F2) before running the command.
Installing libhybris and Android system folder
Let’s log-in again via the serial console, or via VT2 on the HDMI monitor if this works for you, and install libhybris:
zypper ar http://repo.merproject.org/obs/home:/sage:/libhybris/latest_armv7hl/home:sage:libhybris.repo
zypper in libhybris
zypper in libhybris-tests
You may want to enlarge your terminal for the steps above, as the text goes over the window, and you have to answer some questions for the installation. The next step is to install Android’s system files to /system in the Cubieboard. Copy the files from the Linux PC to the Cubieboard:
scp cubie_android_system.tar.bz2 [email protected]:/
and complete the install in the board:
mkdir system cd /system tar xjvf ../cubie_android_system.tar.bz2
The installation is now complete and it’s time to try it out.
To test whether libhybris is correctly installed run the following:
The only problem is that it did not work exactly as expected:
test_egl: test_egl.c:43: main: Assertion `eglChooseConfig((EGLDisplay) display, attr, &ecfg, 1, &num_config) == 1' fai. Aborted
After a reboot, Cubieboard decided to boot Android from flash, so I tried to remove and re-insert the micro SD, and noooooooooo! The micro SD socket let me down and refuses to lock the card in place, so I’ll have to replace the slot which will take me few weeks since I have to order the thing.
So I count on you to let me know what has gone wrong. Thanks
Let’s carry on as if everything worked just fine, and run the next demo:
This should display a white diamond shape filled with an animated Catherine wheel.
Martin also has instructions for several other demos, but the most interesting one (we have a video), is Qt5 Cinematic Experience that you can install in the board as follows:
zypper in qt5-plugin-imageformat-jpeg zypper in qt5-plugin-platform-eglfs zypper in qt5-qtdeclarative-qmlscene zypper in qt5-qtdeclarative-import-qtquick2plugin zypper in qt5-qtdeclarative-import-window2 zypper in qt5-plugin-generic-evdev zypper in vim zypper in qt5-qtdeclarative-import-particles2 zypper in qt5-qtquick* curl -O http://quitcoding.com/download/Qt5_CinematicExperience_rpi_1.0.tgz tar -xf Qt5_CinematicExperience_rpi_1.0.tgz cd Qt5_CinematicExperience_rpi_1.0
Now edit content/Mainview.qml with vim, and comment out the PathAnimation part.
Finally run the demo:
QT_QPA_EGLFS_DEPTH=24 qmlscene -platform eglfs Qt5_CinematicExperience.qml