Home > Hardware, Linux, Testing, Ubuntu > Using USB123 USBee AX Pro $5 USB Logic Analyzer with PulseView in Linux

Using USB123 USBee AX Pro $5 USB Logic Analyzer with PulseView in Linux

September 27th, 2015 Leave a comment Go to comments

I recently wrote about an ultra low cost USB logic analyzer called USB123 USBee AX Pro, which I bought for $9.58 on DX, but I was later informed it also goes for $5.44 on Aliexpress including free shipping to most countries, and a few dollars extra for shipping to some other countries. Nevertheless, I’ve now received it, and instead of testing it with a closed source (and cracked) Windows software, I installed and ran PulseView open source graphical interface for sigrok, which I previously tested on UNI-T UT61E digital multimeter.

USB123_USBee_AX_ProThe package includes USBee AX PRO mini logic analyzer, 10 dupont wires for 8 channels (digital only) and 2 ground pins, as well as a mini USB to USB cable for connection to a computer.

The instructions to use the logic analyzer can be found on Sigrok Wiki. My computer runs Ubuntu 14.04, but Sigrok and PulseView can also be installed on other Linux distributions, as well as Windows, Mac OS, FreeBSD, and Android.

If you are using Ubuntu 15.04 or greater, you can simply install pulseview as follows:


However with Ubuntu 14.04 and earlier, you’ll either have to build Sigrok and PulseView from source, or much easier use sigrok PPA:


USBee AX PRO device relies on FX2 logic analyzer firmware, which is not installed by default, so you’ll also need to install it either from the ppa


or source @ http://sigrok.org/download/source/sigrok-firmware-fx2lafw/:


You can now connect the logic analyzer to one of your computer USB port, and start PulseView by typing pulseview in a terminal (where you’ll get some output in case of issues).

The program will start with a “Demo Device” by default, so you’ll need to click on File->Connect to Device in the top menu, select fx2lafw (generic driver for FX2 based LAs) (fx2lafw), and finally Scan for Devices.

USB123_USBee_AX_Logic_Analyzer_Sigrok
CWAV USBee AX with 8 channels should appear in the list of device and you can click OK.

The logic analyzer only works up to 24MHz, so you would not be able to use it to debug DRAM for example, but for low speed interface such as I2C, SPI or UART it should do the job. For testing purpose, I created a small board to capture UART console data from Orange Pi 2 mini while still having access to the serial console on a computer.

Orange_Pi_2_mini_logic_analyzerI used my main computer, but I could also have used the Orange Pi board to have a complete logic analyzer system for less than $30…

I just plan to run “ls” an capture the output. Since the UART speed is 115000 baud, 500 kHz capture would be enough, and I selected 1 million samples for capture for 2 seconds. 8 channels will show up at the beginning, but I disabled channels 2 to 7 for clarity.

Sigrok_UART_Capture

Click to Enlarge

We can see the captured data after I typed ls. Somehow, there’s nothing on the UART TX… I also enabled and configured the UART decoder (Decoders->UART) to analyze the data. Clicking on the red UART icon will popup the configuration window, where you can assign the relevant channels to TX and RX, configure the UART connection, and define how you want the data to be decoded (ascii, dec, hex…)

Pulseview_UART_configuration

Click to Enlarge

Then I verified that file names – generated by ls command – were indeed captured, and zoomed in the last part of the captured data, which correctly shows the command prompt: [email protected]:~$.

Pulseview_UART_Decoding

Click to Enlarge

Zooming further shows the binary representation of data, as well as the start (S) and stop (T) bits.

Pulseview_UART_Binary

Click to Enlarge

Not bad for a $5 device, and neat features for PulseView and Sigrok open source software.

  1. ben
    September 27th, 2015 at 22:56 | #1

    Any idea if sigrok/USB123 supports non-standard UART settings.. for example, a 10khz, 1 start, 32-data bits, even parity, 1 stop? This 35bit data packet is not well known, but is used in suprising places, including some aviation subsystems!

    Also, does it support USART decoding? Where you can specify rising or falling edge of a separate clock line to latch the data?

    On my TODO list, is to create a dvr for digital signals. A logic anlayzer will record the data, but I haven’t seen any that can drive the recorded signal back out! I’d like to use sigrok as the startiing point for the software.

  2. Sander
    September 27th, 2015 at 23:58 | #2

    FWIW: On my Ubuntu 14.04 I had to do this:

    sudo apt-get install sdcc
    Then get source from http://sigrok.org/download/source/sigrok-firmware-fx2lafw/

    Then run configure, make, make install

  3. September 29th, 2015 at 10:45 | #3

    @ben
    The baudrate is configurable, and other parameters like stop bits and parity) as well (See screenshot in the post), but for example there’s no 32-data bits option available (only up to 9).
    Since it’s open source software, you could probably locate the UART decoder code, and add what you need.

  4. Sam
    March 1st, 2016 at 11:50 | #4

    Very nice. Thank you!

  5. Dheeraj
    December 2nd, 2016 at 19:32 | #5

    In the following link mentioned USBee closed on sept.2015 and purchase after January 1, 2016, will be a counterfeit device.
    http://www.ee101.com/suite.html

    Should I buy it from DX or not?

    Thanks.

  6. December 2nd, 2016 at 19:56 | #6

    @Dheeraj
    The device on DX was always a clone of USBee, not the original one. So it will still work. It’s up to you whether you want to buy one or not.

  7. John J.
    December 13th, 2016 at 00:47 | #7

    Thanks for the concise tutorial. I followed several tutorials to get to this point on Ubuntu 14.0.4. My device is showing up with lsusb as Bus 001 Device 004: ID 08a9:0014 CWAV Inc. USBee AX-Pro but does not show up when I scan for devices in Pulseview using fx2lafw. Any suggestions on what to try?

    Thanks!

  8. December 13th, 2016 at 09:58 | #8

    @John J.
    Maybe launch pulseview from the command with debug logging enabled:

    and see if you get any warning or error messages in the terminal when doing the detection.

    Alternatively check the system logs / run dmesg to find out potential error message.

    If you still can’t find anything, then it could be a good idea to ask on #sigrok IRC channel, people more knowledgeable than me should be able to help you there.

  9. iso9660
    February 7th, 2017 at 20:58 | #9

    This device works like a charm. Now I am looking for a device like this but with at least 2 analog channels.
    Please, could you let me know of any?

  10. February 8th, 2017 at 17:06 | #10

    @iso9660
    I think the USBee DX Pro could match your needs -> https://sigrok.org/wiki/HT_USBee-DxPro

    It used to sell on Banggood @ http://www.banggood.com/16-Channel-Logic-Analyzer-Oscilloscope-USBee-DX-Pro-Compatible-p-926868.html
    But now I could only find it on taobao @ https://world.taobao.com/item/36138317977.htm, so unless you are based in China or know somebody who is, you’d need to use a Taobao agent in English. There are many on the Internet.

  11. February 8th, 2017 at 17:09 | #11

    @cnxsoft
    Finally, I think the same model, or similar, can be found on Aliexpress under the name SYSCLK DX PRO -> https://www.aliexpress.com/af/dx-pro.html

  1. No trackbacks yet.