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Posts Tagged ‘arm’

Qualcomm Starts Sampling of Qualcomm Centriq 2400 ARM Server SoC with Up to 48 ARMv8 Cores

December 8th, 2016 3 comments

Qualcomm has announced commercial sampling of Qualcomm Centriq 2400 series server SoC built with 10nm FinFET process technology and featuring up to 48 Qualcomm Falkor custom ARMv8 CPU cores “highly optimized to both high performance and power efficiency, and designed to tackle the most common datacenter workloads”.

qualcomm-centriq-2400-series-soc

Qualcomm Datacenter Technologies demonstrated the new processor in a Live demo showing Apache, Spark, Java, and Hadoop on Linux running on a SBSA compliant server powered by Qualcomm Centriq 2400 processor, but the company did not provide any further technical details or preliminary benchmark results for the solution.

The Qualcomm Centriq 2400 processor series is now sampling to select customers and is expected to be commercially available in H2 2017. That’s about all we know from the press release. However, Linaro have been working on Qualcomm Technologies QDF2432 based board for several months with support for Debian 8.x ‘Jessie’ and CentOS 7 operating systems, as well as Hadoop and OpenStack. It’s not 100% clear if this is indeed related to Centriq 2400, albeit the name QDF2432 seems to indicate so, and it would probably have started on some FPGA board to simulate Centriq 2400 (32-core?) processor, unless they had engineering samples for nearly a year. There’s also a basically empty page on Centos.org for “Qualcomm QDF2432 Server Dev Platform”. It’s close to impossible to find much details since those things are developed under NDAs.

PINEBOOK ARM Linux Laptop Powered by Allwinner A64 Processor to Sell for $89 and Up

November 24th, 2016 33 comments

Following up on Pine A64 board powered by Allwinner A64 quad core Cortex A53 processor, Pine64 has decided to work on a software compatible laptop based on the processor. PINEBOOK comes with 2GB RAM, 16 GB flash storage, a 11.6″ or 14″ display, and the usual ports you’d expect on such device.

pinebookPINEBOOK specifications:

  • SoC – Allwinner A64 quad core ARM Cortex A53 processor @ 1.2 GHz with Mali-400MP2 GPU
  • System Memory – 2GB LPDDR3
  • Storage – 16GB eMMC 5.0 flash and micro SD slot up to 256 GB
  • Display – 11.6″ or 14″ IPS LCD display with 1280 x 720 resolution (no touchscreen)
  • Video Output – mini HDMI port for external display
  • Audio – HDMI, 3.5 mm headphone jack, built-in microphone and stereo speakers
  • Connectivity – WiFi 802.11 b/g/n + Bluetooth 4.0
  • USB – 2x USB 2.0 host ports
  • Camera – 1.2 MP camera
  • User Input Devices – Full size QWERTY keyboard, 5″ touchpad
  • Power Supply – 5V/3A
  • Battery – 10,000 mAh LiPo battery
  • Dimensions – 352 x 233 x 18 mm
  • Weight – 1.2 kg

The laptop is not based on Pine A64+ board, nor the upcoming SOPINE A64 module, and instead they had to design a custom board to meet the thickness requirements.

pinebook-connectorsPINEBOOK should support most of the operating systems supported by PINE A64(+) boards including Android 5.1/7.0, Remix OS, Debian, Ubuntu, and others, but the firmware requires some (minor) modifications since the laptop is using LPDDR3 RAM.

The laptop is not available for sale right now, but we know the 11.6″ version will cost $89, the 14″ version $99, and you can register to get notified of the launch. You may also find a few more details on PINEBOOK product page.

Khadas Vim Amlogic S905X Android and Linux Development Board Sells for $50 and Up

November 17th, 2016 14 comments

Last summer I wrote about Shenzhen Tomato TVI development board powered by Amlogic S905X processor, and at the time the company focused on business to business customers, but the board is now sold as Khadas Vim through GearBest with 2 GB RAM, 8 or 16 GB flash, and price starting at $49.99 including shipping.

3 Stacked Khadas Vim Boards

3 Stacked Khadas Vim Boards

Khadas Vim and Vim Pro boards’ specifications:

  • SoC –  Amlogic S905X quad core ARM Cortex-A53 @ up to 1.5 GHz with penta-core Mali-450MP GPU
  • System Memory – 2 GB DDR3
  • Storage
    • Vim – 8 GB eMMC flash + micro SD slot
    • Vim Pro – 16 GB eMMC flash + micro SD slot
  • Video & Audio  Output – HDMI 2.0a up to 4K @ 60 Hz
  • Connectivity
    • Vim – Fast Ethernet port, 802.11 b/g/n WiFi and Bluetooth 4.0 (Ampak AP6212 module) with IPEX connector
    • Vim Pro – Fast Ethernet port, dual band 802.11 b/g/n WiFi and Bluetooth 4.2 (Ampak AP6255) with IPEX connector
  • USB – 2x USB 2.0 host ports with 500mA fuses, 1x USB type C port for power and USB devices (no video)
  • Expansion header – 40-pin Raspberry Pi compatible header with USB, UART, I2C, ADC, PWM, JTAG, I2S, and GPIOs
  • Misc – Blue & red LED, dual channel IR, power/function/reset keys, header for RTC battery
  • Power Supply –  5V via USB type C or extra header with 2.6A fuse
  • Dimensions – 82.0 x 57.5 x 11.5 mm
Click to Enlarge

Click to Enlarge

We already knew the board supports Android 6.0, OpenELEC 7.0 and Ubuntu 16.04, we we did not have any details about documentation and source code. You’ll find lot of info include u-boot and Linux 3.14 source code, as well as schematics (PDF) among other things on Khadas’ Github account.

The board is sold as Khadas Vim with 1 GB RAM and 8 GB RAM for $49.99 and Vim Pro with 2GB/16GB configuration for $64.99, which you can purchase on GearBest. The acrylic case shown in the first picture is included with the board, as well as a user’s manual. You may also be interested in the manufacturer’s website (Shenzhen Wesion Tech), where you’ll find not only more info about Vim boards, but discovered the company is also making Rockchip RK3366 based GeekBox board and landingship baseboard.

Embedded Linux Conference and OpenIoT Summit Europe 2016 Videos are Now Available Online

November 8th, 2016 1 comment

The Embedded Linux Conference and OpenIoT Summit Europe 2016 conferences took place on October 11 – 13 in Berlin, Germany, with many interesting talks about Linux, development boards, power management, embedded systems, software optimization, tools, and so on, as well as a few keynotes.

elce-openiot-2016

The Linux Foundation has recorded most talks and keynotes, and made the videos available on their website. A free registration is required, and will redirect you to the full unlisted playlist on YouTube.

Tim Bird keynote can be watch directly without registration.

You can also download the slides for each presentation.

Thanks to Harley for the tip.

ARM Introduces Bifrost Mali-G51 GPU, and Mali-V61 4K H.265 & VP9 Video Processing Unit

November 1st, 2016 4 comments

Back in May of this year, ARM unveiled Mali-G71 GPU for premium devices, and the first GPU of the company based on Bifrost architecture. The company has now introduced the second Bifrost GPU with Mali-G51 targeting augmented & virtual reality and higher resolution screens to be found in mainstream devices in 2018, as well as Mali-V61 VPU with 4K H.265 & VP9 video decode and encode capabilities, previously unknown under the codename “Egil“.

Mali-G51 GPU

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Click to Enlarge

ARM Mali-G51 will be 60% more energy efficiency, and have 60% more performance density compared to Mali-T830 GPU, making the new GPU the most efficient ARM GPU to date. It will also be 30% smaller, and support 1080p to 4K displays.

Under the hood, Mali-G51 include an updated Bifrost’s low level instruction set, a dual-pixel shader core per GPU core to deliver twice the texel and pixel rates, features the latest ARM Frame Buffer Compression (AFBC) 1.2, and supports Vulkan, OpenGL ES 3.2, and OpenCL 2.0 APIs.

More information can be found on the product page, and an ARM community blog post entitled “The Mali-G51 GPU brings premium performance to mainstream mobile“.

Mali-V61 VPU

mali-v61-4k-120hz

Mali-V61 can scale from 1 to 8 cores to handle 1080p60 up to 4K @ 120 fps, supports 8-/10-bit HEVC & 8-/10-bit VP9 up to 4K UHD video encoding and decoding, making it ideal for 4K video conference and chat, as well as 32MP multi-shot @ 20 fps.

The company claims H.265 and VP9 video encoding quality is about the same for a given bitrate with Mali-V61 as shown in the diagram below.

Click to Enlarge

VP9 vs HEVC vs H.264 – Click to Enlarge

Beside the capability of selecting 1 to 8 cores, silicon vendors can also decide whether they need encoding or decoding block for their SoC. For example camera SoC may not need video decoding support, while STB SoCs might do without encoding. While Mali-V61 is a premium IP block, ARM is also expecting it in mainstream devices possibly also featuring Cortex A53 processor cores and Mali-G51 GPU.

You’ll find more details on the product page, and ARM community “Mali-V61 – Premium video processing for Generation Z and beyond” blog post.

ARM Introduces Secure Cortex-M23 and Cortex-M33 ARMv8-M MCU Cores, and Bluetooth 5 Cordio Radio IP for IoT Applications

October 26th, 2016 3 comments

ARM TechCon 2016 is now taking place in Santa Clara, California, USA, as ARM has made three announcements for the Internet of Things, the focus of SoftBank going forward, with two ARM Cortex-M ARMv8-M cores integrating ARM TrustZone technology, namely Cortex-M23 low power small footprint core, and Cortex-M33 core with processing power similar to Cortex-M3/M4 cores, as well as Cordio Radio IP for Bluetooth 5 and 802.15.4 connectivity.

cortex-m33-m23-vs-cortex-m3-m0

ARM Cortex-M23

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Click to Enlarge

ARM Cortex-M23, based on the ARMv8-M baseline architecture, is the smallest and most energy efficient ARM processor with TrustZone security technology,and targets embedded applications requiring both a small footprint, low power, and security. Its power consumption is low enough to be used in batteryless, energy harvesting IoT nodes, and is roughly a third of Cortex-M33 processor size, and offers more than twice its energy efficiency.

Cortex-M23 is a two-stage pipelined processor, software compatible with other processors in the Cortex-M family.

You’ll find more information on ARM Cortex-M23 product page, and related blog post.

ARM Cortex-M33

Click to Enlarge

Click to Enlarge

ARM Cortex-M33, also based on ARMv8-M architecture with Trustzone technology, is the most configurable of all Cortex-M processors, includes FPU, DSP, a co-processor interface, a Memory protection unit (MPU) for task isolation, and ARM claims it “delivers an optimal balance between performance, power, security and productivity”.

The Cortex-M33 processor has an in-order 3-stage pipeline, which reduces system power consumption, and most instructions complete in two stages, while more complex instructions require three. The core also has two AMBA5 AHB5 interfaces: C-AHB and S-AHB, which are symmetric in nature and offer identical performance of instruction and data fetches.

You can visit the products page, and ARM blog post for further details.

ARM Cordio Radio IP

arm-cordio-radio

ARM has also introduced Cordio IP which offers Bluetooth 5 or 802.15.4’s ZigBee or Thread connectivity using ARM RF or 3rd party front-end. The IP supports TSMC 40nm LP/ULP, TSMC 55nm LP/ULP and UMC 55nm ULP manufacturing processes, and three solutions are available with Cordio-B50 with Bluetooth 5 only, Cordio-E154 with 802.15.4 only, and Cordio-C50 with both Bt5 and 802.15.4.

More details can be found on that ARM community blog post.

HiSilicon Kirin 960 Octa Core Application Processor Features ARM Cortex A73 & A53 Cores, Mali G71 MP8 GPU

October 20th, 2016 2 comments

Following on Kirin 950 processor found in Huawei Mate 8, P9, P9 Max & Honor 8 smartphones, Hisilicon has now unveiled Kirin 960 octa-core processor with four ARM Cortex A73 cores, four Cortex A53 low power cores, a Mali G71 MP8 GPU, and an LTE Cat.12 modem.

kirin-960-block-diagram

The table below from Anandtech compares features and specifications of Kirin 950 against the new Kirin 960 processor.

SoC Kirin 950 Kirin 960
CPU 4x Cortex A72 (2.3 GHz)
4x Cortex A53 (1.8 GHz)
4x Cortex A73 (2.4 GHz)
4x Cortex A53 (1.8 GHz)
Memory
Controller
LPDDR3-933
or LPDDR4-1333
(hybrid controller)
LPDDR4-1800
GPU ARM Mali-T880MP4
@ 900 MHz
ARM Mali-G71MP8
@ 900 MHz
Interconnect ARM CCI-400 ARM CCI-550
Encode/
Decode
1080p H.264
Decode & Encode2160p30 HEVC
Decode
2160p30 HEVC & H.264
Decode & Encode2160p60 HEVC
Decode
Camera/ISP Dual 14bit ISP
940MP/s
Improved
Dual 14bit ISP
Sensor Hub i5 i6
Storage eMMC 5.0 UFS 2.1
Integrated
Modem
Balong Integrated
UE Cat. 6 LTE
Integrated
UE Cat. 12 LTE
4x CA
4×4 MIMO

ARM claims 30% “sustained” performance improvement between Cortex A72 and Cortex A73,  but the GPU should be where the performance jump is more significant, as ARM promises a 50 percent increase in graphics performance, and a 20 percent improvement in power efficiency with Mali G71 compared the previous generation (Mali-T880). Kirin 960 also integrates twice the GPU cores compared to Kirin 950, and some GPU benchmarks provided by Hisilicon/Huawei confirm the theory with over 100% performance improvement in both Manhattan 1080p offscreen and T-Rex offscreen GFXBench 4.0 benchmarks.

kirin960-gpu-performance
The first smartphone to feature Kirin 960 is likely to be Huawei Mate 9 rumored to come with a 5.9″ 2K display, 6GB RAM, and 256 UFS flash.

Intel Has Started Sampling Altera Stratix 10 ARM Cortex A53 + FPGA SoC

October 12th, 2016 5 comments

Intel bought Altera last year, which means Intel is now in the FPGA business, and the company has recently announced they had started to provide samples of Startix 10 SoC manufactured using Intel 14 nm tri-gate process. The interesting part if that beside FPGA fabric, the SoC also includes four ARM Cortex A53 cores.

intel-stratix-10-fpga-arm

Intel / Altera Stratix 10 SoC key features and specifications:

  • Processor – Quad-core ARM Cortex-A53 MP Core up to 1.5 GHz
  • Logic Core Performance –  1 GHz
  • Logic Density Range – 500K LE – 5.5M LE
  • Embedded Memory – 229 Mb
  • Up to 11,520 18 x 19 Multipliers
  • Up to 144 Transceivers up to 30 Gbps data rate (Chip to Chip)
  • Memory Devices Supported – DDR4 SDRAM @ 1,333 MHz,DDR3 SDRAM @ 1066 MHz, LPDDR3 @ 800 MHz, RLDRAM 3 @ 1200 MHz, QDR IV SRAM @ 1066 MHz, QDR II+ SRAM @ 633 MHz, Hybrid Memory Cube
  • Hard Protocol IP – 3 EMACs, PCI Express Gen3 X 8, 10/40G BaseKR- forward error correction (FEC), Interlaken physical coding sublayer (PCS)
  • Security – AES-256/SHA-256 bitsream encryption/authentication, physically unclonable function (PUF), ECDSA 256/384 boot code authentication, multi-factor key infrastructure with layered hierarchy for root of trust, side channel attack protection

Compared to the previous FPGA generation (Stratix V), Intel claims twice the core performance, five times the density, up to 70% lower power consumption, up to 10 TFLOPS single-precision floating point DSP performance, and up to 1 TBps memory bandwidth with integrated High-Bandwidth Memory (HBM2) in-package.

The new FPGA family targets data centers and networking infrastructures, which require high-bandwidth, multiple protocols and modulation schemes support, with a high performance-per-watt ratio.

You’ll find more details on Altera Stratix 10 FPGA product page.

Categories: Altera Cyclone, Hardware Tags: altera, arm, armv8, fpga, intel