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Posts Tagged ‘armv8’

NXP Introduces Kinetis K27/K28 MCU, QorIQ Layerscape LS1028A Industrial SoC, and i.MX 8X Cortex A35 SoC Family

March 15th, 2017 3 comments

NXP pushed out several press releases with the start of Embedded World 2017 in Germany, including three new micro-controllers/processors addressing different market segments: Kinetis K27/K28 MCU Cortex M4 MCU family, QorIQ Layerscape LS1028A industrial applications processor, and i.MX 8X SoC family for display and audio applications, 3D graphic display clusters, telematics and V2X (Vehicle to everything).

NXP Kinetis K27/K28 MCU

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NXP Kinetis K27/K28 MCU family is based on an ARM Cortex-M4 core clocked at up to 150 MHz with FPU,and includes up to 1MB embedded SRAM, 2MB flash, and especially target portable display applications.

Kinetis K27/K28 MCUs share the following main features:

  • 2x I2S interfaces, 2x USB Controllers (High-Speed with integrated High-Speed PHY and Full-Speed) and mainstream analog peripherals
  • 32-bit SDRAM memory controller and QuadSPI interface supporting eXecution-In-Place (XiP)
  • True Random Number Generator, Cyclic Redundancy Check, Memory Mapped Cryptographic Acceleration Unit

K28 supports 3 input supply voltage rails (1.2V, 1.8V and 3V) + separate VBAT domain, implements a Power Management Controller supporting Core Voltage Bypass and can be powered by an external PMIC, and is available in 169 MAPBGA (9x9mm2, 0.65mm pitch) and 210 WLCSP (6.9×6.9mm2, 0.4 mm pitch) packages.

K27 supports 1.71V to 3.6V input voltage + separate VBAT domain, and is offered in 169 MAPBGA (9x9mm, 0.65mm pitch) package only.

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FRDM-K28F development board will allow you to play with the new MCUs’ capabilities. It features a Kinetis K28F microconroller, on-board discrete power management, accelerometer, QuadSPI serial flash, USB high-speed connector and full-speed USB OpenSDA. Optional add-on boards allows for USB-Type C, Bluetooth low energy (BLE) connectivity, and a 5” LCD display board with capacitive touch.

Software development can be done through MCUXpresso SDK with system startup code, peripheral drivers, USB and connectivity stacks, middleware, and real-time operating system (RTOS) kernels.

Kinetis K27/K28 MCU family will be start selling in April 2017. Visit NXP K2x USB page for more information.

QorIQ Layerscape LS1028A

LS1028A Block Diagram

NXP QorIQ Layerscape LS1028A SoC comes with two 64-bit ARMv8 core, support real-time processing for industrial control, as well as virtual machines for edge computing in the IoT. It also integrates a GPU and LCD controller enable Human Machine Interface (HMI) systems, and Time-Sensitive Networking (TSN) capabilities based on the IEEE 802.1 standards with a four-port TSN switch and two separate TSN Ethernet controllers.

The processor especially targets “Factory 4.0” automation, process automation, programmable logic controllers, motion controllers, industrial IoT gateway, and Human Machine Interface (HMI).

OEMs can start developing TSN-enabled systems using LS1021ATSN reference design platform based on the previous LS1021A processor in order to quickens time-to-market.The reference design provides four switched Gigabit Ethernet TSN ports, and ships with an open-source, industrial Linux SDK with real-time performance. Applications written for LS1021ATSN will be compatible with the LS1028A SoC since the API calls won’t change.

It’s unclear when LS1028A will become available, but it will be available for 15 years after launch, and you’ll find a few more details on the product page. You could also visit NXP’s booth (4A-220) at Embedded World 2017 to the reference design in action.

NXP i.MX 8X ARM Cortex-A35 Processors

Block Diagram of NXP i.MX 8X family

The last announcement will not really be news to regular readers of CNX Software, since we covered i.MX 8X processors last year using an NXP presentation. As previously known, i.MX 8X family comes with two to four 64-bit ARMv8-A Cortex-A35 cores, as well as a Cortex-M4F core, a Tensilica HiFi 4 DSP, Vivante hardware accelerated graphics and video engines, advanced image processing, advanced SafeAssure display controller, LPDDR4 and DDR3L memory support, and set of peripherals. The processor have been designed to drive up to three simultaneous displays (2x 1080p screens and one parallel WVGA display), and three models have been announced:

  • i.MX 8QuadXPlus with four Cortex-A35 cores, a Cortex-M4F core, a 4-shader GPU, a multi-format VPU and a HiFi 4 DSP
  • i.MX 8DualXPlus with two Cortex-A35 cores, a Cortex-M4F core, a 4-shader GPU, a multi-format VPU and a HiFi 4 DSP
  • i.MX 8DualX with two Cortex-A35 cores, a Cortex-M4F core, a 2-shader GPU, a multi-format VPU and a HiFi 4 DSP

The processors are expected to be used in automotive applications such as  infotainment and cluster, industrial control and vehicles, robotics, healthcare, mobile payments, handheld devices, and so on.

The i.MX 8QuadXPlus and 8DualXPlus application processors will sample in Q3 2017 to selected partners. More details may be found on NXP i.MX8X product page.

MACOM X-Gene 3 Server-on-Chip is Equipped with 32 64-bit ARM Cores Clocked at 3.0 GHz

March 11th, 2017 9 comments

MACOM, having recently completed the acquisition of AppliedMicro, has now announced sampling of X-Gene 3 Server-on-a-Chip (SoC) with 16-nanometer FinFET process technology. X-Gene 3 features 32-core ARMv8 cores clocked at up to 3.0 GHz, 8 DDR4 channels, 42 PCIe Gen 3 lanes, SATA 3.0 and USB 3.0.

X-Gene 3 Block Diagram – Click to Enlarge

X-Gene 3 SoC key features and specifications

  • CPU – 32x 64-bit ARMv8 cores @ up to 3.0 GHZ (base freq.) / 3.3 GHz (turbo freq.)
  • Cache – 32MB L3 cache
  • Memory IF – 8x DDR4-2667 channels with ECC and RAS supporting up to 16DIMMs for up to 1TB RAM
  • Storage – SATA 3.0 interfaces
  • 42x PCIe Gen 3 lanes with 8x controllers
  • USB 3.0 interfaces
  • Max. TDP – 125 Watts (Expected)
  • Process – 16nm FinFET TSMC

X-Gene 3 is said to offer 4 to 6 better performance compared to X-Gene 2, and match “comparable x86 processors in CPU throughput, per-thread performance and power efficiency, while offering advantages in memory bandwidth and total cost of ownership”.

A white paper by the Linley group has some more insights about the performance:

The company expects the chip to deliver a SPECint_rate2006 (peak) score of at least 500 when running at its peak speed of 3.3GHz and DDR4-2667 and with some additional hardware and compiler tuning. This score is well ahead of that of any other ARM processor and similar to that of mainstream Xeon E5 processors.

In addition, the processor should achieve a single-thread SPEC_int2006 (peak) score of 24. Other CPU tests such as CoreMark and Dhrystone deliver similarly impressive results, outscoring leading ARM cores such as Cortex-A72 and custom designs from Cavium, Qualcomm, and Samsung. With eight DDR4 channels, X-Gene 3 also posts excellent scores on memory tests. For example, the processor scores 67.1GB/s on Stream Copy using DDR4-2133 and could exceed 80GB/s when it uses DDR4-2667.

They also compared X-Gene 3 SoC directly to Xeon E5 processor in the table below using numbers provided by vendors, or estimates, not independent benchmarks.

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MACOM’s new SoC appears to have the edge when it comes to memory bandwidth, however, they note that X-Gene 3 lags Xeon E5 in floating-point performance, X-Gene 3 will still do well on integer-only workloads such as deep learning used for voice services (e.g. Alexa), image classification, and other tasks.

MACOM is now shipping X-Gene 3 to selected partners. Some publicly available documents for APM883xxx-X3 (codename for X-Gene 3) should eventually be available on APM website.

Via Hexus, and thanks to Tadej for the tip.

System76 Starling Pro ARM Server Powered by 2 Cavium ThunderX 64-bit Processors Sells for $6400 and Up

March 3rd, 2017 11 comments

64-bit ARM servers are starting to show up more and more for sale, and after servers such as Softiron Overdrive 1000, Avantek H270-T70, and Gigabyte MP30-AR0, System76, a company selling only Ubuntu powered computers and servers, has launched Startling Pro ARM server equipped with two Cavium ThunderX_CP 48-core processors, and a choice of two operating systems: Ubuntu 16.04.2 LTS 64-bit or Ubuntu 16.10 64-bit.

System76 Starling Pro ARM “stap1” server specifications:

  • Processor – 2× Cavium ThunderX_CP 48 core 64-bit ARMv8 processor @ up to 2.5 GHz (96 cores in total)
  • System Memory – Up to 1024 GB quad-channel registered ECC DDR4 @ 2400MHz
  • Storage – Up to 4x 3.5″ drives, 32 TB in total
  • Video Output – VGA port
  • Virtualization – ARM Virtualization Host Extensions
  • Networking – 3x 40-Gigabit QSFP+ (Quad Small Form-factor Pluggable+), 4x 10 Gigabit SFP+, 1x Gigabit Ethernet (RJ45)
  • Expansion – 1x PCI Express x16 (Gen3 x8)
  • USB –  4x USB 3.0 (2x front/ 2x back)
  • Serial – 1x COM port
  • Misc – Power on/off button, reset button, ID switch button, LEDs (Power, ID, HHD Activity, System status, LAN Activity, ID)
  • Power Supply – 2x 650 Watts with redundancy
  • Dimensions – 43.0 × 4.4 × 62.5 cm
  • Weight – 13 kg (based weight, varies on configuration)

Cavium has four versions of their ThunderX processor optimize for compute, storage, secure compute, and network, and ThunderX_CP model is optimized for Compute workloads such as cloud web servers, content delivery, web caching, search and social media.

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You’ll find more details on System76 Starling Pro product page, and if you click on Design + Buy button at the top of that page, you’ll be able to built your server with a combination of memory, storage, rail kit, accessories, and support (Ubuntu Advantage) options. Price starts at $6,399 with 16GB + 16 GB memory for the two processors, and a 250 GB SSD, but you can go up to $27,528 by maxing out memory to 1TB (512GB per processor with 8 64GB RAM modules each) and 16TB of SSD storage (4x 4GB).

Via Olof Johansson

Samsung Launches Exynos 9 Series 8895 SoC with Custom ARMv8 Cores, Mali-G71 GPU, Gigabit LTE Modem, 10nm FinFET Process

February 23rd, 2017 No comments

Samsung Electronics has just announced the launch of its latest Exynos application processor (AP), with Exynos 9 Series 8895 octa-core processor with four second generation custom designed ARMv8  CPU cores, and four Cortex A53 cores, as well as a Mali-G71 3D GPU, and a Gigabit LTE modem.

The LTE modem delivers data throughput at up to 1Gbps (Cat.16) downlink with 5CA (five carrier aggregation), and 150Mbps (Cat.13) uplink with 2CA. The SoC also embeds an “advanced MFC” (multi-format codec) for recording and playback at up to 4K UHD at 120 fps, a Vision Processing Unit for video tracking, image process, and machine vision technology, and another processing unit allows for mobile payments using iris or fingerprint recognition.

Exynos 8895 is also the first application processor manufactured with 10-nanometer (nm) FinFET process technology and improved 3D transistor structure, which according to Samsung, allows for up to 27% higher performance, while consuming 40% less power when compared to 14nm technology.

Samsung Exynos 9 Series 8895 is currently in mass production, and could be found in the next Galaxy S8 smartphone.

ARM based Acer Chromebook R13 is Now up for Sale for $349 and up with Chrome OS or Windows 10

December 29th, 2016 25 comments

Acer Chromebook R13 was unveiled in September as one of the first 64-bit ARM Chromebook. Based on Mediatek MT8173C quad core Cortex A72/A53 processor with 4GB RAM, the “Chromebook” now ships in three variants running either Chrome OS as expected, but also Windows 10 Home.

acer-chromebook-r13All three models share the same specifications, except for storage and operating system options:

  • SoC – Mediatek M8173C quad core processor with 2x ARM Cortex A72 cores @ up to 2.1 GHz, 2x ARM Cortex A53 cores, and a PowerVR GX6250 GPU
  • System Memory – 4GB LPDDR3 RAM
  • Storage
    • CB5-312T-K8Z9 / K6TF – 32 GB eMMC flash + micro SD slot
    • CB5-312T-K0YQ- 64GB eMMC flash + micro SD slot
  • Display – 13.3″ touchscreen IPS LED display; 1920×1080 resolution; 10-point touch; 360-degree hinge design
  • Audio – Integrated microphone, dual built-in speakers, microphone and headphone jacks
  • Video Output – HDMI
  • Camera – HD webcam (1280×720 resolution) with HDR and 720p HD audio/video recording
  • Wireless Connectivity – 2×2 MIMO 802.11ac WiFi and Bluetooth 4.0
  • USB – 1x USB 3.0 port, 1x USB 3.1 type C port for data, video, and power
  • User Input – Touchpad and keyboard
  • Battery – 4670 mAh LiPo battery good for up to 12 hours
  • Power Supply – 45W max
  • Dimensions – 326 x 228 x 15.5 mm
  • Weight – 1.49kg

Acer_Chromebook_R13The official prices listed on Acer website for the three models above are respectively $399.99, $429.99 (64GB storage), and $399.99 (Windows 10 Home), but CB5-312T-K8Z9 (32GB + Chrome OS) model is now on sale on BestBuy for $349, while the 64GB model is sold for $439.99 on TigerDirect, and CB5-312T-K6TF Windows 10 “ChromeBook” goes for $407.99 on TigerDirect.

Thanks to Martin for the tip.

Avantek H270-T70 384-core ARM Server Powered by Cavium ThunderX SoCs Can Be Bought Online

December 14th, 2016 10 comments

ARM servers have been around for a while, but usually it’s pretty hard to buy for individuals, and developer’s boards such as LeMaker Cello are never in stock, probably because the project has been canceled or suffered from further delays. However, if you have some uses for ARM servers and the cash that goes with it, Avantek Computer (UK) is selling some ARM based servers starting from an 1U Rack with a quad core Annapurna Alpine AL5140 processor up to Avantek H270-T70 with a 2U rack equipped with multiple Cavium ThunderX SoCs providing 384 ARMv8 cores to play with.

cavium-thunderx-arm-server-rackAvantek H270-T70 server key features and specifications:

  • SoCs – 8x Cavium ThunderX CN8890 processors with 48 custom ARMv8 cores each
  • System Memory – 64x DDR4 ECC slots for up to 8TB memory
  • Storage – 16x 2.5” hot-swappable HDD/SSD bays
  • Connectivity – 8x 40GbE QSFP+ fiber ports (Cortina CS4343 controllers)
  • Power Supply – 1600W 80 PLUS Platinum redundant PSU
  • 2U Rack System with 4 nodes with front access to the node trays

The server is compliant with ARM’s Server Base System Architecture (SBSA) and Server Base Boot Requirements (SBBR), which means you can load any compliant OS on the server such as Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server, SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12, FreeBSD 11 and others.

64-bit-arm-server-for-saleSo I went through the check out process for Avantek 384 core server and I could go until the process payment step without issues, except I had to use a UK address. However, I did not press the “Place Order” button since 1. I don’t actually have a UK address (a forwarder could provide that), and 2. I don’t feel like spending around 15,000 GBP (~$19,000 US) for the system, plus whatever is needed for the hard drives and memory :). If your budget is also restrained, but would like a ThunderX server, you can opt to get Avantek 32-core 1U rack system for about 1,500 GBP (~$1900 US) and up.

Thanks to Sander for the tip.

Qualcomm Starts Sampling of Qualcomm Centriq 2400 ARM Server SoC with Up to 48 ARMv8 Cores

December 8th, 2016 3 comments

Qualcomm has announced commercial sampling of Qualcomm Centriq 2400 series server SoC built with 10nm FinFET process technology and featuring up to 48 Qualcomm Falkor custom ARMv8 CPU cores “highly optimized to both high performance and power efficiency, and designed to tackle the most common datacenter workloads”.

qualcomm-centriq-2400-series-soc

Qualcomm Datacenter Technologies demonstrated the new processor in a Live demo showing Apache, Spark, Java, and Hadoop on Linux running on a SBSA compliant server powered by Qualcomm Centriq 2400 processor, but the company did not provide any further technical details or preliminary benchmark results for the solution.

The Qualcomm Centriq 2400 processor series is now sampling to select customers and is expected to be commercially available in H2 2017. That’s about all we know from the press release. However, Linaro have been working on Qualcomm Technologies QDF2432 based board for several months with support for Debian 8.x ‘Jessie’ and CentOS 7 operating systems, as well as Hadoop and OpenStack. It’s not 100% clear if this is indeed related to Centriq 2400, albeit the name QDF2432 seems to indicate so, and it would probably have started on some FPGA board to simulate Centriq 2400 (32-core?) processor, unless they had engineering samples for nearly a year. There’s also a basically empty page on Centos.org for “Qualcomm QDF2432 Server Dev Platform”. It’s close to impossible to find much details since those things are developed under NDAs.

Intel Has Started Sampling Altera Stratix 10 ARM Cortex A53 + FPGA SoC

October 12th, 2016 5 comments

Intel bought Altera last year, which means Intel is now in the FPGA business, and the company has recently announced they had started to provide samples of Startix 10 SoC manufactured using Intel 14 nm tri-gate process. The interesting part if that beside FPGA fabric, the SoC also includes four ARM Cortex A53 cores.

intel-stratix-10-fpga-arm

Intel / Altera Stratix 10 SoC key features and specifications:

  • Processor – Quad-core ARM Cortex-A53 MP Core up to 1.5 GHz
  • Logic Core Performance –  1 GHz
  • Logic Density Range – 500K LE – 5.5M LE
  • Embedded Memory – 229 Mb
  • Up to 11,520 18 x 19 Multipliers
  • Up to 144 Transceivers up to 30 Gbps data rate (Chip to Chip)
  • Memory Devices Supported – DDR4 SDRAM @ 1,333 MHz,DDR3 SDRAM @ 1066 MHz, LPDDR3 @ 800 MHz, RLDRAM 3 @ 1200 MHz, QDR IV SRAM @ 1066 MHz, QDR II+ SRAM @ 633 MHz, Hybrid Memory Cube
  • Hard Protocol IP – 3 EMACs, PCI Express Gen3 X 8, 10/40G BaseKR- forward error correction (FEC), Interlaken physical coding sublayer (PCS)
  • Security – AES-256/SHA-256 bitsream encryption/authentication, physically unclonable function (PUF), ECDSA 256/384 boot code authentication, multi-factor key infrastructure with layered hierarchy for root of trust, side channel attack protection

Compared to the previous FPGA generation (Stratix V), Intel claims twice the core performance, five times the density, up to 70% lower power consumption, up to 10 TFLOPS single-precision floating point DSP performance, and up to 1 TBps memory bandwidth with integrated High-Bandwidth Memory (HBM2) in-package.

The new FPGA family targets data centers and networking infrastructures, which require high-bandwidth, multiple protocols and modulation schemes support, with a high performance-per-watt ratio.

You’ll find more details on Altera Stratix 10 FPGA product page.

Categories: Altera Cyclone, Hardware Tags: altera, arm, armv8, fpga, intel