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Posts Tagged ‘intel’

HPC Performance & Power Usage Comparison – Intel Xeon E3 vs Intel Atom C2720 vs Applied Micro X-Gene 1 vs IBM Power 8

April 14th, 2015 6 comments

Last year, the CERN published a paper comparing Applied Micro X-Gene (64-bit ARM) vs Intel Xeon (64-bit x86) Performance and Power Usage, and they’ve now added IBM Power 8 and Intel Atom Avoton C2750 processor to the mix in a new presentation entitled “A look beyond x86: OpenPOWER & AArch64“.
ARM_x86_Power_8_Test_Systems
So four systems based on Intel Xeon E3-1285L, Intel Atom C2750, Applied Micro X-Gene 1, and IBM Power 8 were compared, all running Fedora 21, except the HP Moonshot 1500 ARM plarform running Ubuntu 14.04 and an older kernel. All four systems use gcc 4.9.2, and Racktivity intelligent PDUs were used for power measurement.

I’ll just share some of their results, you can read the presentation, or go through the benchmark results to find out more.

HEP-SPEC06_Results

HEP-SPEC06 Benchmark (Click to Enlarge)

HEP-SPEC06 is a new High Energy Physics (HEP) benchmark for measuring CPU performance developed by the HEPiX Benchmarking Working Group, and here it’s not surprising to see the low power solutions under-perform the more powerful Intel Xeon and Power 8 processors, with the latter taking the crown.

Geant_4_ParFullCMS

Geant 4 ParFullCMS (Click to Enlarge)

Geant 4 simulates the passage of particles through matter, something that you would expect the CERN to do regularly. Intel Xeon E3 outperforms  IBM Power8 processor here.

But let’s move on to power consumption, and performance per watt.

Idle Power Consumption (Click to Enlarge)

Idle Power Consumption (Click to Enlarge)

IBM OpenPower 8 has a much higher power consumption than other systems, and HP Moonshot ARM 64-bit X-Gene 1 consumes more than both Intel servers. The chart under full load (not shown here) also shows a similar pattern.

HEP_SPEC06_Per_Watt

HEP-SPEC06 per Watt (Click to Enlarge)

When it comes to performance per watt however, both HP Moonshot ARM and Power 8 systems are the least efficient here, and Intel systems provide the best ratio. Bear in mind that X-Gene 1 is manufactured with a 40nm process, while Applied Micro X-Gene 2  and 3 will be manufactured using 28nm and 16 nm FinFET processes, so some large efficiency gains could be expected here.

We may find out soon, as the CERN expects to add these two new processors, as well a Cavium ThunderX to their benchmarks in the future.

Thanks to David for the tip.

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Intel Celeron N3000 2-in-1 Laptop, and MSI Motherboards with Celeron N3050/N3150 and Pentium N3700 Processors

April 9th, 2015 No comments

Intel introduced the first low power Braswell Celeron and Pentium processors with 4 to 6W TDP, meaning a lower power consumption compared to Bay Trail-M processors, and with better performance. The first devices and motherboards based on these have started to show up with Intel’s Orchid Island 2-in-1 Reference Design based on Celeron N3000, and three MSI motherboards: N3050I ECO, N3150I ECO, and N3700I ECO respectively powered by Celeron N3050 dual core processor, Celeron N3150 quad core processor, and Pentium N3700 quad core processor, all clocked @ 1.6GHz (base frequency) and with 6W TDP.

MSI_ECO_Braswell_MotherboardMSI did not release full details about their motherboards but we still now they’ll support H.265/HEVC hardware decoding up to 4K, Blu-ray playback and 8-channel HD Audio via an HDMI 1.4b port. Other connectors and interfaces include two DDR3L-1600MHz SO-DIMM slots (up to 8GB), two SATA III ports, one PCIe slot, Gigabit Ethernet, a COM port, a VGA port, and USB 3.0 ports. Pricing and availability have not been announced.

However. more information have been provided for Orchid Island, Intel’s 2-in-1 fanless detachable reference design based on the lower-end Celeron N3000 clocked @ 1.04 GHz and with 4W TDP.

Intel_OrchidOrchid Island specifications:

  • SoC – Intel Celeron N3000 dual core processor @ 1.04 GHz (Burst: 2.08 GHz) with Intel HD graphics (Gen 8)
  • System Memory – 4GB DDR3L (Dual channel)
  • Storage – 64GB eMMC + SD card slot
  • Display – 11.6″ embedded displayport IPS (1366×768) multi-touch
  • Video Output – HDMI
  • Audio – HDA based speakers, 1x audio jack, HDMI
  • Connectivity – Wi-Fi 802.11 b/g/n, Bluetooth 4.0, and optional GPS
  • USB – 1x USB 3.0 port
  • Sensors – ALS (Ambient Light Sensor), Accelerometer, Gryroscope, Compass
  • Camera – 2MP front-facing camera, 5MP “world-facing” camera
  • Battery – 37Whr
  • Dimensions – 302 x 195 x 9.8 mm. Thickness is 9.8mm for screen only, and 19.3 including the keyboard dock when the laptop is folded.
  • Weight – ~750 grams

The laptop is said to run “Windows 8.1 Non-Connected Standby 64-bit”, but Android and other Linux operating systems should also run on the platform. Battery life is said to be up to 11.5% better than equivalent systems built with Bay Trail-M processors.

The reference design is expected to be used in actual products that will sell for 1799 to 2199 RMB (~$299 – $349).

Via Liliputing and UMPC Portal

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Intel Compute Stick is up for Pre-order for $110 and Up (USA Only)

April 6th, 2015 6 comments

Intel Compute Stick is finally available for pre-order on US based online merchants such as Amazon and Newegg with prices starting at $109.99 and up excluding shipping and two versions with either Linux or Windows 8.1.

Intel_Compute_StickBoth versions of the device share most of the specifications:

  • SoC – Intel Atom Z3735F Quad-Core “Bay Trail” processor @ 1.33 GHz (1.83 GHz burst frequency) and Intel HD Graphcis
  • System Memory – 2 GB DDR3 (Windows) or 1 GB DDR3 (Linux)
  • Storage – 32 GB eMMC (Windows) or 8 GB eMMC (Linux) + micro SD slot
  • Video & Audio Output – HDMI 1.4a
  • Connectivity – 802.11 b/g/n Wi-Fi and Bluetooth 4.0
  • USB – 1x USB 2.0 port, 1x micro USB port for power
  • Misc – Power button
  • Power Supply – 5V/2A via micro USB port.
  • Dimensions and Weight – N/A

The Windows 8.1 model is codenamed BOXSTCK1A32WFCR, comes with 2GB RAM and 32GB eMMC and sells between $150 and $180, while the Linux model (BOXSTCK1A8LFCR) features 1GB RAM and 8GB internal storage, and goes for $110 to $130. There’s no word on which exact Linux distributions is installed on the stick. The Linux version of Intel Compute Stick runs Ubuntu 14.04. Delivery is expected on April 24 on Newegg, and May 5 on Amazon. The 8GB Linux version can also be found on a site called Zones for $101.99. That’s still significantly higher than the $89 price tag promised during Intel’s announcement.

Since Intel went with Atom Z3735F, those of us with a mini PC or stick such as MeLE PCG03 or MeegoPad T01 who want to run Linux, should finally get HDMI audio working… [Update: I’ve been informed you can check the drivers and UEFI binary for Windows 8.1 and Linux, so maybe something interesting will show up there in due time]

Via Liliputing

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Intel Introduces Celeron N3000 / N3050 / N3150 and Pentium N3700 Low Power Braswell Processors

April 1st, 2015 2 comments

Intel Bay Trail processor are found in low cost tablets, laptops and mini PCs with prices starting as low as $60 for retail products. The company has introduced Braswell some time ago, the successor of Bay Trail, which among other thigns brings 14nm process technology instead of 22nm, for even lower power consumption. CPU World has noticed Intel listed the first four low power Braswell processor using Celeron and Pentium branding and with 6W TDP max.

Intel_BraswellWe only know a few details about the new processor

  • Celeron N3000 – Dual core CPU @ 1.04 GHz (Burst: 2.08 GHz) with 1MB L2 cache, 4W TDP
  • Celeron N3050 – Dual core CPU  @ 1.6 GHz (Burst: 2.16 GHz) with 1MB L2 cache, 6W TDP
  • Celeron N3150 – Quad-core CPU @ 1.6 GHz (Burst: 2.08 GHz) with 2MB L2 cache, 6W TDP
  • Pentium N3700 – Quad-core CPU @ 1.6 GHz (Burst: 2.40 GHz) with 2MB L2 cache, 6W TDP

All four processor come with Intel HD Gen8 graphics with different clock speed, and support DDR3 up to 1600 MHz. Listed prices are $107 for Celeron processors and $161 for the Pentium processor, but in my experience price indicated are way off to what manufacturers are actually paying. The four processor above won’t be an alternative to the cheap Z3735F/G Bay Trail-T processor, but are likely an upgrade to the Bay Trail-M (N2800/N2900 series) processor found in products like ECS LIVA or Gigabyte BRIX GB-BXBT-2807.

Via Liliputing

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Mr.NUC V3-J1900 is an Intel NUC Clone Based on Celeron J1900 Processor

March 25th, 2015 11 comments

Intel NUC (Next of Computing) are tiny and relatively low cost computers made by Intel. But in case you wondered if there were any clones available to save a few extra dollars, and/or gain a faster processor, a Chinese company is now selling Mr.NUC V3-J1900 barebone system with an Intel Celeron J1900 quad core processor for $169 + shipping, which adds over $40 since the mini PC only ships by courier. If you happen to live in the US, it’s probably not such as good deal, but in other countries maybe…

Mr_NUC_V3-J1900This mini PC is said to be based on a custom designed motherboard made by Gigabyte (MZBAYAP) for Realan, with the following technical specifications:

  • SoC – Intel Celeron J1900 Quad core processor  @ 2.0 GHz (base) / 2.41 GHz (Burst) with Intel Gen 7 HD graphics (10W TDP)
  • System Memory –  DDR3L 1333/1666 MHz SO-DIMM slot
  • Storage – 2.5″ SATA hard drive or SSD
  • Video Output – HDMI + VGA
  • Audio – HDMI, 3.5 mm jack for headphone or S/PDIF?
  • Connectivity – Realtek RTL8111 Gigabit Ethernet, optional Wi-Fi via mPCIe module
  • USB – 2x USB 2.0 host ports, 1x USB 3.0 port.
  • Misc – Power button, power LED, Kensington lock
  • Power Supply – TBD
  • Dimensions –  113 x 115 x 5.7 mm
  • Weight – 700 grams
The mini PC comes with a power adapter and cord, a VESA mount with screws, an installation manual, and a warranty card.

Intel_NUC_Clone Shenzhen Realan does not sell complete kits with Wi-Fi , RAM and hard drive, so you’d also have to purchase an Intel NUC compatible wireless module, a 2.5″ hard drive or SSD, as well as a SO-DIMM DDR3L module to have a fully functional computer. You’d also need to install your preferred operating system be it Windows or a Linux distribution by yourself. Some other alternatives like CSQ CSW9, X29-J1900, or even an original Intel NUC might be a better deal depending on where you live.

You can also check out the manufacturer’s page. which also claims support for an extra mSATA SSD just line in an Intel NUC.

Via AndroidPC.es

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CSQ CSW9 is a $200 Intel Celeron J1900 mini PC with an Internal Hard Drive

March 24th, 2015 3 comments

CSQ CSW9 is a thin Intel Celeron J1900 “Bay Trail” based mini PC that also comes with a 500GB internal hard drive, 2GB RAM, VGA and HDMI video output, and sells for a little over $200 on Aliexpress.
CSQ_CSW9_mini_PC
Complete hardware specifications are as follows:

  • SoC – Intel Celeron J1900 Quad core processor  @ 2.0 GHz (base) / 2.41 GHz (Burst) with Intel HD graphics (10W TDP)
  • System Memory – 2 GB DDR3L (Apparently SO-DIMM, so it might be upgradeable?)
  • Storage – 2.5″ 500GB SATA hard drive + micro SD card slot + optional 32GB to 128GB eMMC flash
  • Video Output – HDMI 1.4a + VGA
  • Connectivity – 10/100M Ethernet (Gigabit Ethernet as option?), 802.11 b/g/n Wi-Fi, Bluetooth 4.0
  • Audio – Realtek ALC269 HD audio codec, 1x headphone jack
  • USB – 3x USB 2.0 host ports, 1x USB 3.0 port.
  • Misc – IR receiver, power button, and power LED
  • Power Supply – 19V/2.1A
  • Battery – 2,000 mAh (only claimed by one seller)
  • Dimensions – 153.4 x 153.4 x 38 mm
  • Weight – 440 grams
The computer is said to be “dual OS” with Android 4.4 and Windows 8.1, but this does not actually say which one, if any of these two operating systems are pre-installed, as we’ve seen in the past with other Intel mini PC sold on Aliexpress and other Chinese e-retailers. The mini PC only ships with its 19V/2.1A power supply and power cord, and all other cables. It’s also one of the few Intel mini PCs featuring an IR receiver, which could be nice if you plan to use as an HTPC running Kodi.

Intetl_Celeron_J1900_Hard_DriveThere are quite a few optional features, so it’s not always clear what’s included, but I understand you should at least get an Intel Celeron J1900 system with 2 GB RAM, 500 GB HDD (no eMMC), Ethernet, and all other ports show on the pictures.

Via AndroidPC.es

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Intel Provides Details for Atom x3, x5 and x7 Processors

March 3rd, 2015 5 comments

Intel had already announced their plan to change Intel Atom branding to use x3/x5/x7 nomenclature in order to make it easier for consumers to navigate their product offerings, but the company has now provided much more details during their press conference at Mobile World Congress 2015.

Intel_x3_5_x7_Markets_PricingIntel Atom x3 (previously known as SoFIA) will be entry and ultra-low cost processor up with 3G or LTE connectivity found in products up to around $150, while Atom x5 and x7 (previously known as Cherry Trail) will be found in tablets between about $200 to $400, with the top performing devices going with Intel Core M processors.

Intel_x3Intel Atom x3 are very interesting because they mix Intel 64-bit cores with ARM GPUs (to keep the cost down), and parts with RK suffix are made by Rockchip. Three x3 processors are currently available:

  • Intel Atom x3-C3130 – Dual-core processor up to 1.0 GHz with ARM Mali-400MP2 GPU and 2G/3G modem.
  • Intel Atom x3-C3230RK – Quad-core processor up to 1.2GHz with ARM Mali-450MP4 GPU, and 2G/3G modem. Designed/Manufactured by Rockchip.
  • Intel Atom x3-C3440 – Quad-core processor up to 1.4GHz with ARM Mali-T720 GPU, and a 5-mode LTE modem

Intel_Atom_x3_3G_LTE

Atom x3 3G SoCs can be coupled with A-Gold 620 chipsets combining 2G/3G RF, WiFi, Bluetooth 4.0, FM radio, GPS/GLONASS and Audio/PMU, while Atom x3 LTE SoC would interface with four chips for 4G RF (Smarti RF TRX), PMIC + Audio, 802.11ac/BT 4.1 (Intel Wireless-AC WCS8270), and GPS (Intel Wireless-GNSS WCS 2100 & WCS 2000). All three processors are manufactured with a 28nm process, again to keep costs low.

Atom x5 and x7 will however be 14-nm processor, bringing lower power consumption, but a least initially, a higher cost. These processors will feature Intel Gen8 graphics, and support next-gen LTE Cat-6 thanks to Intel XMM-726x modem, and be found in 7″ to 10″ Windows and Android tablets and 2-in-1 hybrid laptops priced between $120 to $500.

Atom_x5_x7At first it seemed like the company did not provide that much information for Atom x5 and x7 processors just yet, and that it just expected products by Acer, Asus, Lenovo, Dell, Toshiba, and HP should be shipping in H1 2015. They did however provide a block diagram for Atom x5 / x7 processors which reveals more details to what can be expected including HDMI 1.4b up to 4K30,2K internal display (DSI / eDP), PCIe, USB 3.0, eMMC 4.51, but no integrated Ethernet MAC or SATA IP blocks, although these could be added via the PCIe interfaces.

Intel_Atom_x5_x7_Block_diagram

Atom x5/x7 Block Diagram (Click to Enlarge)

Furthermore, Techreport mentioned two Atom x5 processors will be available first with x5-8300 @ 1.84 GHz (up to 1080p) and Atom x5-8500 @ 2.24 GHz (up to 4K2K), as well as one Atom x7 processors: x7-8700 running at 2.4 GHz, as well as specifications:

  • CPU
    • x5-8300 – Quad core 64-bit Atom x5 up to 1.84 GHz
    • x5-8500 – Quad core 64-bit Atom x5 up to 2.24 GHz
    • x7-8700 – Quad core 64-bit Atom x7 up to 2.40 GHz
  • Graphics
    • Atom x5 – Gen8 12 EU, up to 500/600 MHz supporting  DX11.1, OpenGL ES 3.1, OpenCL 1.2, OpenGL 4.3, RS Compute
    • Atom x7 – Gen8 16 EU, up to 600 MHz supporting DX11.1, OpenGL ES 3.1, OpenCL 1.2, OpenGL 4.3, RS Compute
  • Media (encode/decode) – HEVC (decode), H.264, VP8
  • Memory
    • x5-8300 – 1×32, 1×64 DDR3L-RS 1600, 1-2GB
    • x5-8500 / x7-8700 – 2×64 LPDDR3 1600, 2-8GB
  • Storage – eMMC 4.51
  • Display resolution
    • x5-8300
      • Internal – 1920×1200 (MIPI-DSI or LVDS)
      • External: 1920×1080 (HDMI)
    • x5-8500 & x7-8700
      • Internal – 2500 x 1600 (MIPI-DSI or eDP)
      • External: 4K2K @ 30 Hz (HDMI)
  • Modem – Intel XMM 7260/62 LTE Cat-6 (up to 300Mbps DL). M.2 only for x5-8300
  • Connectivity – Intel WLAN, Intel WWAN, Intel NFC; Atom x7 also adds Intel WiGig.
  • I/O
    • x5-8300 – 6xI2C, 2xHSUART, 1xSDIO, 3xI2S, SPI, PCIe 2.0 x1, 1xI2C(ISH), 1xI2C (NFC)
    • x5-8500 & x7-8700 – 7xI2C, 2xHSUART, 1xSDIO, 3xI2S, 1xLPC, 1xSPI, PCIe 2.0 x2, 1x I2C(ISH), 1xI2C (NFC)
  • USB – 1xUSB3 OTG, 2xHSIC, 3xUSB2. x5-8500 & x7- only: 2x SSIC
  • ISP/camera (Rear & front)
    • x5-8300 – Up to 8MP with Intel RealSense Snapshot
    • x5-8500 & x7-8700 – Up to 13MP with Intel RealSense 3D camera

I could not find any TDP figures, but thermal dissipation should be around 2 to 5W since Atom x3, x5 and x7 target tablets and smartphones.

Via Anandtech

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Console OS Developer Preview Image Released for Some Intel Haswell and Bay Trail Systems

February 26th, 2015 2 comments

Console_OS_LogoConsole OS is an operating system based on Android that’s designed to run son x86 machines ide-by-side with Windows and with desktop-friendly user interface. The project has been funded via a Kickstarter campaign, so backers get the updates earlier, but the developers have now publicly released Console OS DR1 (Developer Release 1) based on Android 4.4.2 so that more people can download it and try it for free after registration.

I wanted to try it on Mele PCG03, but it failed, even after copying bootia32.efi to /EFI/BOOT directory (I get stuck into Grub command line), and I found out that “Systems must have 64-bit UEFI firmware. Some systems have 32-bit UEFI firmware, and we are working on adding support for those provided you have one of the processors above”. So it won’t work on cheap Windows 8.1 dongles and mini PC like MeegoPad T01 or Pipo X7, but MINIX NEO Z64A may work thanks to its 64-bit UEFI firmware. If your PC has a 64-bit UEFI it should be able to run Console OS provided it comes with one of these Intel processor family:

  • Fourth-generation Intel Core (formerly “Haswell”)
  • Third-generation Intel Core (formerly “Ivy Bridge”)
  • Second-generation Intel Core (formerly “Sandy Bridge”) – Note Second-gen Core / Sandy Bridge processor support is untested and not planned for future versions
  • Intel Atom 64-bit processors (formerly “Bay Trail”)

AMD processors are not support, and Nvidia / AMD graphics card aren’t either, but these are planned for future releases. You may want to check if your device is officially supported on the Device section of Console OS website.

The image is an installer, and I understand you cannot run this as a live CD, so it has to be installed on your PC, preferably to a USB 3.0 hard drive for testing, after backing up your computer. But installation appears simple enough, as you just need to copy the binary (for Bay Trail or Haswell) to a flash drive with Win32DiskImager or dd, and boot the system for installation. If you run Windows, you’ll have an options for dual boot installation, whereas Linux OS would have to be wiped out on the destination drive. You can find out more in the Wiki.

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