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Posts Tagged ‘intel’

First Intel Apollo Lake J3455/J4205 Processor Benchmarks & Video Tests

December 6th, 2016 15 comments

Many products powered by Intel Apollo Lake processors have already been announced, but few are actually shipping, and I have yet to get one here. However, AndroidPC.es got hold of ASRock J4205-ITX and J3455-ITX motherboards powered by respectively a Pentium J4205 quad core processor and a Celeron J3455 quad core processor, run a few benchmarks, and tested videos in Windows 10 on the motherboards with Kodi 17 and MPC-HC.

 

ASRock J4205-ITX Motherboard

ASRock J4205-ITX Motherboard

Let’s have a look at some of the benchmarks to better understand of what we can expect from Apollo Lake desktop processors.

pcmark-apollo-lake-processorFirst there’s not that much of a difference between Celeron J3455 (1,771 points) and Pentium 4205 (1,830 points) in PCMark Home Convetional benchmark, however you should clearly feel a boost in performance compared to systems with Intel Cherry Trail x5-Z8300 processor (1,141), and the score is getting fairly close to a mini PC with an Intel Core i3-5005U dual core / four thread processor (15 Watt TDP).

apollo-lake-benchmark-3dmark

If we look at 3D graphics performance, there are even more contrasts between various machines / processors. There’s a really big leap between MINIX NEO Z83-4 with x5-Z8300 processor and both Apollo Lake motherboards (150 to 165% better 3D performance), but on the other hand there’s a noticeable gap (almost 50%) between Intel HD 5500 graphics found in Core-i3 processors and Intel HD 500/505 graphics used in J3455 and J4205 processors.

AndroidPC guys also ran other benchmarks such as Cinebench, games fps, and so on, and I invite you to read their review (in Spanish) if you want to find out more. However, since there was some confusion about 10-bit HEVC and VP9 support, it’s interesting to also check out the video test results.

1080p “standard”
MPC-HC KODI 17
MPEG2 / MP2 2.0 – 6.6Mbps OK OK
MPEG4 / MP3 2.0 – 7.6Mbps OK OK
H264 / AAC 2.0 – 7.2Mbps OK OK
VC1 / WMA3 2.0 – 8.6Mbps OK OK
VP8 / VORBIS 2.0 – 7.8Mbs OK OK
1080p  – Higher bitrate 
Birds – H264 / No audio – 40Mbps OK OK
Samsung Oceanic Life – H264 – AC3 2.0 – 40Mbps OK OK
4K Videos
Skyfall – H264 / AAC 2.0 – 10Mbps OK OK
Timelapse – H264 / AAC 2.0 – 43Mbps OK OK
H.265/VP9 Videos
Tears of steel – HEVC 8bit / AAC 2.0 – [email protected] – 17Mbps OK OK
Beauty – H265 – HEVC 8bit / No audio – [email protected] (recorded @ 120 fps) – 12Mbps Skipped frames OK
Samsung UHD Dubai – HEVC 10bit / AAC 2.0 – [email protected] – 51Mbps Skipped frames OK
Google test – VP9 Youtube OK OK

So all videos can play in Kodi 17 even 4K 10-bit H.265 videos and VP9 videos, however MPC-HC appears to have issues with some H.265 videos. Both ASRock motherboards support HDMI 2.0 with up to 4K @ 60 fps, but none of the 4K H.265 videos had a framerate over 30 fps, so this would have to be tested. HDMI audio pass-through was not so great, as it only worked for Dolby Digital 5.1, not but TrueHD or DTS HD, possibly because the boards are equipped with a DisplayPort to HDMI 2.0 converter which could introduce issues.

There are some Linux benchmarks (Phoronix) for ASRock J4205-ITX board, but currently limited to C-Ray.

Full Specifications for Intel Apollo Lake NUC Mini PC’s NUC6CAYB Board Released

December 5th, 2016 6 comments

Intel unveiled Intel NUC6CAYS & NUC6CAYH NUCs to be powered by Intel Celeron “Apollo Lake” Jxxx processors, but at the time we did not have the full technical specifications. The company has now published a 66-page technical product specification for NUC6CAYB board used in both mini PCs.

intel-apollo-lake-nuc-connectorsIntel NUC Board NUC6CAYB specifications:

  • SoC – Intel Celeron J3455 quad core processor @ 1.5 GHz to 2.3 GHz (burst) with 12EU Intel HD graphics 500 @ 250 to 700 MHz supporting DirectX 9.3/10/11.1/12, OpenCL 1.2, OGLES 3.0, OpenGL 4.3 (10W TDP)
  • System Memory – 2x DDR3L-1600/1833 SO-DIMM supporting up to 8GB DDR3L-1866 in total
  • Storage – 32GB eMMC flash (Sandisk, Hynix or Samsung depending on your luck), 2.5″ SATA3 bay for hard drives up to 9.5mm thick, SDXC slot with UHS-I support
  • Video Output –
    • HDMI 2.0 (4K @ 60 Hz) with HDMI CEC via MegaChips MCDP2800-BCT DisplayPort 1.2a to HDMI 2.0 Level
      Shifter/Protocol Converter
    • VGA via ITE IT6516BFN DisplayPort to VGA bridge
  • Audio – Up to 7.1 channels via HDMI, 3.5mm headset jack, 3.5mm rear speaker/TOSLINK combo jack; digital microphone (DMIC) array; Realtek ALC283 HD Audio codec
  • Video Capabilities
    • Video Decode – H.265/HEVC @ Level 5.1, H.264 @ Level 5.2, MPEG2, MVC, VC-1, WMV9, JPEG, VP8 and VP9 formats
    • Video Encode – H.265/HEVC @ Level 4, H.264 @ Level 5.2, JPEG, MVC, VP8 and VP9 formats
    • Content Protection – High-Bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP) 1.4/2.0 and PAVP 2.0.
  • Connectivity – Gigabit Ethernet (Realtek RTL8111HN), Intel Wireless AC-3168 M.2 module for 802.11ac 1×1 WiFi up to 433 Mbps and Bluetooth 4.2 with internal antennas
  • USB – 2x USB 3.0 ports on the front panel (yellow one for charging other devices even when the NUC is powered off), 2x rear USB 3.0 ports, 2x internal USB 2.0 ports via header; 1x USB port reversed for M.2 2230 type E module
  • Expansion – 1x M.2 Module supporting M.2 2230 cards (key type E) (prepopulated with Intel Dual Band Wireless-AC 3168 module)
  • Misc – Consumer Infrared (CIR), Kensington key lock hole, hardware monitoring subsystem based on ITE IT8987D embedded controller (voltage, temperature, fan control)
  • Power Supply – 12 to 19V DC input
  • Dimensions – Board: 101.6 x 101.6mm; NUC: 151 x 111 x 51 (plastic casing with inner metal structure)
Intle Apollo Lake NUC Block Diagram - Click to Enlarge

Intle Apollo Lake NUC Block Diagram – Click to Enlarge

The board will be used in NUC6CAYH Kit with power adapter, no memory, no eMMC, no OS, as well as NUC6CAYS Kit with power adapter, preinstalled with 2GB 1600MHz SO-DIMM, and 32GB eMMC with Microsoft Windows 10 Home.

The specifications mention that Microsoft Windows 10 Home and Microsoft Windows 10 Pro operating systems are supports, and that “other operating system (OS) support may be available”. It’s very likely Linux be supported, and if you plan to run Linux the barebone kit is probably more suitable albeit you’ll lose the eMMC flash, and instead would have to install the OS on a SATA SSD or hard drive.

The other things that’s unclear right now are the price and availability for the new NUCs, but the wait should be almost over.

Via Liliputing and NUC Blog

Intel Apollo Lake Compute Sticks Coming in Q2 2017

November 27th, 2016 2 comments

Apollo Lake processors have been announced in mini PCs, laptops, development boards, systems-on-module, as well as in Intel’s own NUCs. A new leaked roadmap has now revealed that Intel plans to two Apollo Lake “Michigan City” compute sticks sometimes around Q2 2017.

apollo-lake-compute-stickThere will be two yet-to-be-named models:

  • Windows OS – 2GB RAM, 32GB eMMC flash
  • No OS – 4GB RAM, 64 GB eMMC flash

Both devices will come with 802.11ac WiFi and Bluetooth 4.2, a USB 3.0 port, a USB 2.0 port, a 3.5mm headphone jack, and an HDMI port with CEC support, as well as a 1- year warranty.

cherry-trail-apollo-lake-compute-sticks-specifications

That’s all we know from the leaked roadmap. Price should probably be only slightly higher than to the one of Atom Cherry Trail HDMI TV sticks, considering UP2 Board is selling for 89 Euros (Celeron N3350 dual core version) and 169 Euros (Pentium N4200 quad core version) , and performance of the Apollo Lake Celeron or Pentium processor used in the new sticks should be noticeably better than the Atom “Bay Trail” / “Cherry Trail” processor found in earlier sticks.

Via Liliputing

Siemens SIMATIC IOT2000 UL Approved Educational & Industrial IoT Gateways are Powered by Intel Quark Processor

November 15th, 2016 1 comment

Siemens has recently released SIMATIC IOT2000 series IoT gateways based on Intel Quark X1000/X1020 processor also used in Intel Galileo Gen 2 board with both IOT2020 educational version, and IOT2040 industrial version featuring UL-approval, Arduino headers, and a mini PCIe expansion socket.

simatic-iot2000-industrial-iot-gatewaySIMATIC IOT2040 specifications:

  • SoC – Intel Quark X1020 32-bit processor @ up to 400 MHz with 16KB cache (2.2W TDP)
  • System Memory – 1 GB RAM
  • Storage – micro SD slot
  • Connectivity – 2x Ethernet ports
  • Serial – 2x RS232/485 interfaces
  • USB – 1x USB 2.0 port, 1x micro USB device port
  • Expansion – Arduino UNO compatible headers, mini PCIe socket
  • Misc – Battery-backed RTC
  • Power Supply – 9 to 36V DC wide-range power supply
  • Dimensions – 144x90x54 mm
  • Weight – About 200 grams
  • Temperature Range – 0 °C to up to +50 °C
  • Certificates – CE, UL, FCC, KCC, RCM

The device support wall-mount and DIN rail mounting. The company has not exactly made it easy to find specifications, but SIMATIC IOT2020 is said to feature Quark X1000 processor with 512MB RAM and a single Ethernet port. The gateway runs Linux built with Yocto, and supports both Intel System Studio IoT Edition and Arduino IDE tools, and MindSphere Siemens Cloud infrastructure can also be used. Some people got hold of early sample, and showcased how to use the Arduino IDE with the hardware.

The forums may be a good place to start to get more information, and you’ll find a bunch of documents on that page.

Siemens IOT2020 gateways are sold through RS Components website, and in the US this redirects to Allied Elec where IoT2020 educational gateway is sold for $120, and IoT2040 industrial gateway for $280. You may also find a few more details on Siemens IOT2000 series product page.

Thanks to Jake for the tip.

UP Squared Apollo Lake Development Board Comes with Up to 8GB RAM, 128 GB Storage for 89 Euros and Up (Crowdfunding)

November 1st, 2016 4 comments

AAEON Introduced a Intel Atom X5 based Raspberry Pi-like development board named “UP Board” last year that sold for as low as 89 Euros via a Kickstarter campaign. The company is now back with the first Apollo Lake development board for makers I’ve seen so far, powered by either a dual core Celeron N3350 or a quad core Pentium N4200 processor, featuring an Altera MAX 10 FPGA, and called UP2 (“UP Squared”).

apollo-lake-development-board

There are six variants of UP Squared board sharing most of the same technical specifications:

  • SoC
    • Intel Celeron N3350 dual core “Apollo Lake” processor @ 1.1 GHz / 2.4 GHz with 12 EU Intel HD graphics 500 @ 200 MHz / 650 MHz (6W TDP)
    • Intel Pentium N4200 quad core “Apollo Lake” processor @ 1.1 GHz / 2.5 GHz with 18 EU Intel HD graphics 505 @ 200 MHz / 750 MHz (6W TDP)
  • FPGA – Altera Max 10 FPGA
  • System Memory –  2, 4 or 8 GB LPDDR4 SDRAM
  • Storage – 16, 32, 64 or 128 GB eMMC flash, 1x SATA 3 port + SATA power
  • Video Output – 2x HDMI 1.4b; eDP connector; 3 independent displays support
  • Audio I/O – HDMI
  • Connectivity – Dual Gigabit Ethernet ports,
  • USB – 3x USB 3.0 ports, 1x USB 3.0 OTG port, header with 2x USB 2.0 ports
  • Camera – 1x 4-lane MIPI CSI connector
  • Expansion
    • 40-pin GP (general purpose) Raspberry Pi compatible header with GPIOs, I2C, SPI, ADC … signals controlled by the Apollo Lake processor (according to the block diagram below)
    • 60-pin EXHAT connector with GPIO, I2C, UART, USB 3.0… signals controlled by Altera FPGA and the Intel processor based on the block diagram.
    • M.2 2230/E-key slot
    • mini PCIe x1 slot
    • Header with 2x HSUART
  • Debugging – JTAG header for FPGA
  • Misc – Power button, 4x LEDs, RTC header, fan power header, reset and power pin headers
  • Power Supply – 5V DC via power barrel
  • Dimensions – 85.6 x 90 mm
  • Temperature Range – Operating: 0 to 60 C
  • Certifications – FCC, CE, RoHS

up-squared-boardThe six available boards have only differences in terms of processor, RAM, and storage:

  • UP2 Celeron (89 Euros) – 2 GB LPDDR4, 16 GB eMMC flash
  • UP2 Celeron Plus (105 Euros) – 2 GB LPDDR4, 32 GB eMMC flash
  • UP2 Celeron Ultra (125 Euros) – 4 GB LPDDR4, 32 GB eMMC flash
  • UP2 Pentium (169 Euros) – 4 GB LPDDR4, 32 GB eMMC flash
  • UP2 Pentium Plus (199 Euros) – 8 GB LPDDR4, 64 GB eMMC flash
  • UP2 Pentium Ultra (229 Euros) – 8 GB LPDDR4, 128 GB eMMC flash

up2-block-diagramThe board will support Windows 10, Windows IoT Core, Linux (Ubuntu, Ubilinux Debian, Yocto Project), and Android. UP2 board should also leverage UP board eco-system with support for Intel RealSense for robotics project, LoRa connectivity for IoT gateways, EnOceon solutions for home automation, and TPLink for WiFi, and many more.

UP and UP2 Boards Comparison

UP and UP2 Boards Comparison

UP Squared is larger than UP board, but as seen from the table above offers many more features, and more performance for about the same price.

The project has now launched on Kickstarter, where the company has also surpassed their 10,000 Euros funding target, with pledges currently totaling a little over 22,000 Euros. Most rewards starting with UP Squared Celeron at 89 Euros come with the board only, but you may consider pledge for kits that include the power supply, HDMI cable, SATA cable, USB 2.0 pin header cable, and WiFi 802.11ac and BT 4.2 M.2 module (Starter/Innovator Package). Most rewards are expected to ship on April 2017, excepted Innovator packages with Beta boards reaching backers in February 2017. Shipping is not included, but is only 13 to 16 Euros for Europeans, and between 28 and 46 Euros (Brazil) for the rest of the world. More details include the 40-pin header pinout can be found in UP Squared product page.

Via HackerBoards

Intel Introduces 3 Atom E3900 Apollo Lake Processors for IoT, Industrials and Automotive Applications: x5-E3930, x5-E3940, x7-E3950

October 26th, 2016 4 comments

intel-atom-e3900Intel previously introduced Celeron and Pentium Apollo Lake processors for laptops and mini PCs, and it seemed Atom was gone for good from that processor family, but the vendor has now introduced Atom E3900 “Apollo Lake” processor family for IoT, industrial and automotive applications with three models: x5-E3930, x5-E3940, and x7-E3950.

All three new processors will support up to 8 GB of LPDDR4/DDR3L memory, come in a FCBGA1296 package, be manufactured using 14 nm process, support 4K UHD video output up to 60 Hz on three independent displays, up to 15 simultaneous 1080p30 video stream, as well as 13MP cameras for photos and 1080p60 video capture. Peripherals interfaces include SATA 3.0,  PCIe lane, HDMI, DisplayPort, embedded DisplayPort, USB 3.0 & 2.0 ports and more.

The new processors also integrate Intel Time Coordinated Computing (TCC) Technology that “coordinates and synchronizes peripherals and networks of connected devices, achieving improved determinism. It can resolve latency issues in applications, such as robotics manufacturing, by synchronizing the clocks of devices across networks to within 1 μs”. The technology will be available through Linux built with the Yocto Project.

Click to Enlarge

Intel Atom E3900 Processor Series Reference Platform Block Diagram – Click to Enlarge

Reliability is achieved via ECC memory, high-temperature rating between -40°C to 110°C, and some upcoming A3900 SKUs will be qualified for automotive applications. Atom 3900 series also include some security features through Intel Trusted Execution Engine 3.0 (TXE 3.0), secure or measured boot, DRM with HDCP 1.4 wired / HDCP 2.2 wireless, protected audio video path (PAVP), and Intel Platform Trust Technology to store keys and perform crypto operatings compliant with TPM 2.0 specifications.

The three Atom E3900 SKUs most differ by their number of cores, clock speed, max TDP, and GPU.

CPU Cores Base Frequency Burst Frequency L2 Cache Size Graphics Execution
Units (EU)
TDP
Intel Atom x5-E3930 2 1.3 GHz 1.8 GHz 2 MB 12 EU 6.5W
Intel Atom x5-E3940 4 1.6 GHz 1.8 GHz 2 MB 12 EU 6.5W
Intel Atom x7-E3950 4 1.6 GHz 2.0 GHz 2 MB 18 EU 12W

Operating systems supported will include Microsoft Windows 10 Enterprise (64-bit) and IoT Core (32-/64-bit), Linux through Wind River 8 (64-bit) and a Yocto Project BSP (64-bit), Android 7.0 Nougat 64-bit (Q2 2017 target release), and Wind River VxWorks 7 real-time operating systems.

intel-apollo-lake-iot

The processors will be used in industrial settings for predictive maintenance, accelerated time to market and increased quality and remote management,  digital security and surveillance (DSS) / vision systems (video) for visual data identification and analysis, safety and security, traffic management and monitoring, agriculture and pipeline monitoring, manufacturing inspection…, as well as for transportation and automotive applications for software-defined cockpits and vehicle-to-vehicle communication.

You’ll find more details on Intel Apollo Lake products’ page.

Intel Has Started Sampling Altera Stratix 10 ARM Cortex A53 + FPGA SoC

October 12th, 2016 5 comments

Intel bought Altera last year, which means Intel is now in the FPGA business, and the company has recently announced they had started to provide samples of Startix 10 SoC manufactured using Intel 14 nm tri-gate process. The interesting part if that beside FPGA fabric, the SoC also includes four ARM Cortex A53 cores.

intel-stratix-10-fpga-arm

Intel / Altera Stratix 10 SoC key features and specifications:

  • Processor – Quad-core ARM Cortex-A53 MP Core up to 1.5 GHz
  • Logic Core Performance –  1 GHz
  • Logic Density Range – 500K LE – 5.5M LE
  • Embedded Memory – 229 Mb
  • Up to 11,520 18 x 19 Multipliers
  • Up to 144 Transceivers up to 30 Gbps data rate (Chip to Chip)
  • Memory Devices Supported – DDR4 SDRAM @ 1,333 MHz,DDR3 SDRAM @ 1066 MHz, LPDDR3 @ 800 MHz, RLDRAM 3 @ 1200 MHz, QDR IV SRAM @ 1066 MHz, QDR II+ SRAM @ 633 MHz, Hybrid Memory Cube
  • Hard Protocol IP – 3 EMACs, PCI Express Gen3 X 8, 10/40G BaseKR- forward error correction (FEC), Interlaken physical coding sublayer (PCS)
  • Security – AES-256/SHA-256 bitsream encryption/authentication, physically unclonable function (PUF), ECDSA 256/384 boot code authentication, multi-factor key infrastructure with layered hierarchy for root of trust, side channel attack protection

Compared to the previous FPGA generation (Stratix V), Intel claims twice the core performance, five times the density, up to 70% lower power consumption, up to 10 TFLOPS single-precision floating point DSP performance, and up to 1 TBps memory bandwidth with integrated High-Bandwidth Memory (HBM2) in-package.

The new FPGA family targets data centers and networking infrastructures, which require high-bandwidth, multiple protocols and modulation schemes support, with a high performance-per-watt ratio.

You’ll find more details on Altera Stratix 10 FPGA product page.

Categories: Altera Cyclone, Hardware Tags: altera, arm, armv8, fpga, intel

GOLE2 Mini PC Comes in Intel and ARM Flavors, Features a SATA Bay and Built-in Camera (Crowdfunding)

October 9th, 2016 11 comments

GOLE1 was an different and interesting product combining tablet and mini PC features into one, but I found the 5″ screen to be rather useless, and the battery did not work exactly well since it would only charge when powered off.  The new GOLE2 mini PC won’t have any of those issues since it does not come with neither a display or a battery, but instead comes into two flavors with a version running Windows 10 on Intel Atom x5-Z8350 Cherry Trail processor, and another running Android based Phoenix OS on Allwinner A64 quad core ARM Cortex A53 processor. The devices also include an HD camera and microphone for video conference, as well as 2.5″ SATA bay implemented through a USB to SATA bridge.

gole2Beside the processor and memory, both GOLE2 models share the most of the same hardware specifications:

  • SoC
    • Intel Atom x5-Z8350 “Cherry Trail” quad core processor @ 1.44 GHz / 1.92 GHz with Intel Gen8 HD graphics (2W SDP) or
    • Allwinner A64 quad core ARM Cortex A53 processor with Mali-400MP2 GPU
  • System Memory –  2GB RAM on ARM / 4 GB RAM on Intel
  • Storage – 32 GB internal storage, 2.5″ SATA slot for SSD/HDD, micro SD slot up to 128 GB
  • Video Output – HDMI 1.4 port
  • Audio I/O – HDMI, 3.5mm headphone jack, built-in microphone, 8 ohm speaker
  • Connectivity – 10/100M Ethernet, 802.11 b/g/n/ac Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth 4.0
  • Camera – 5MP camera with 90 degree wide angle
  • USB – 2x USB 2.0 host ports, 1x USB 3.0 port (Intel only)
  • Misc – Power , and volume buttons
  • Battery – 2600mAh battery good about about 2 hours of typical use
  • Power Supply – 5V/3.0A
  • Dimensions – 151.24 x 57.56 x 142.7 mm (aluminum body)

phoenix-os-mini-pcThe mini PC ships with the power supply, an HDMI cable, and a user’s manual in English, German, and Japanese. The Intel model is available in white and black versions, and ARM model in gold/orange only.

Just like GOLE1, the company has decide to launch GOLE2 on Indiegogo, where you can get GOLE2 Phoenix OS was as low as $69 (Early bird) and up to $99, while GOLE2 Windows 10 starts at $114 (Early bird) up to $144 without a license, so you’d need to add $25 to get a proper Windows 10 license. Shipping is not included and adds $35 for DHL or EMS shipping. Delivery is scheduled for December 2016. If history is any guide, you should be able to purchase GOLE2 for about the same price, if not lower due to cheaper shipping, once it gets sold on Chinese online shops in early 2017.

Via ARMdevices.net