Posts Tagged ‘intel’

Intel Introduces 3 Atom E3900 Apollo Lake Processors for IoT, Industrials and Automotive Applications: x5-E3930, x5-E3940, x7-E3950

October 26th, 2016 2 comments

intel-atom-e3900Intel previously introduced Celeron and Pentium Apollo Lake processors for laptops and mini PCs, and it seemed Atom was gone for good from that processor family, but the vendor has now introduced Atom E3900 “Apollo Lake” processor family for IoT, industrial and automotive applications with three models: x5-E3930, x5-E3940, and x7-E3950.

All three new processors will support up to 8 GB of LPDDR4/DDR3L memory, come in a FCBGA1296 package, be manufactured using 14 nm process, support 4K UHD video output up to 60 Hz on three independent displays, up to 15 simultaneous 1080p30 video stream, as well as 13MP cameras for photos and 1080p60 video capture. Peripherals interfaces include SATA 3.0,  PCIe lane, HDMI, DisplayPort, embedded DisplayPort, USB 3.0 & 2.0 ports and more.

The new processors also integrate Intel Time Coordinated Computing (TCC) Technology that “coordinates and synchronizes peripherals and networks of connected devices, achieving improved determinism. It can resolve latency issues in applications, such as robotics manufacturing, by synchronizing the clocks of devices across networks to within 1 μs”. The technology will be available through Linux built with the Yocto Project.

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Intel Atom E3900 Processor Series Reference Platform Block Diagram – Click to Enlarge

Reliability is achieved via ECC memory, high-temperature rating between -40°C to 110°C, and some upcoming A3900 SKUs will be qualified for automotive applications. Atom 3900 series also include some security features through Intel Trusted Execution Engine 3.0 (TXE 3.0), secure or measured boot, DRM with HDCP 1.4 wired / HDCP 2.2 wireless, protected audio video path (PAVP), and Intel Platform Trust Technology to store keys and perform crypto operatings compliant with TPM 2.0 specifications.

The three Atom E3900 SKUs most differ by their number of cores, clock speed, max TDP, and GPU.

CPU Cores Base Frequency Burst Frequency L2 Cache Size Graphics Execution
Units (EU)
Intel Atom x5-E3930 2 1.3 GHz 1.8 GHz 2 MB 12 EU 6.5W
Intel Atom x5-E3940 4 1.6 GHz 1.8 GHz 2 MB 12 EU 6.5W
Intel Atom x7-E3950 4 1.6 GHz 2.0 GHz 2 MB 18 EU 12W

Operating systems supported will include Microsoft Windows 10 Enterprise (64-bit) and IoT Core (32-/64-bit), Linux through Wind River 8 (64-bit) and a Yocto Project BSP (64-bit), Android 7.0 Nougat 64-bit (Q2 2017 target release), and Wind River VxWorks 7 real-time operating systems.


The processors will be used in industrial settings for predictive maintenance, accelerated time to market and increased quality and remote management,  digital security and surveillance (DSS) / vision systems (video) for visual data identification and analysis, safety and security, traffic management and monitoring, agriculture and pipeline monitoring, manufacturing inspection…, as well as for transportation and automotive applications for software-defined cockpits and vehicle-to-vehicle communication.

You’ll find more details on Intel Apollo Lake products’ page.

Intel Has Started Sampling Altera Stratix 10 ARM Cortex A53 + FPGA SoC

October 12th, 2016 5 comments

Intel bought Altera last year, which means Intel is now in the FPGA business, and the company has recently announced they had started to provide samples of Startix 10 SoC manufactured using Intel 14 nm tri-gate process. The interesting part if that beside FPGA fabric, the SoC also includes four ARM Cortex A53 cores.


Intel / Altera Stratix 10 SoC key features and specifications:

  • Processor – Quad-core ARM Cortex-A53 MP Core up to 1.5 GHz
  • Logic Core Performance –  1 GHz
  • Logic Density Range – 500K LE – 5.5M LE
  • Embedded Memory – 229 Mb
  • Up to 11,520 18 x 19 Multipliers
  • Up to 144 Transceivers up to 30 Gbps data rate (Chip to Chip)
  • Memory Devices Supported – DDR4 SDRAM @ 1,333 MHz,DDR3 SDRAM @ 1066 MHz, LPDDR3 @ 800 MHz, RLDRAM 3 @ 1200 MHz, QDR IV SRAM @ 1066 MHz, QDR II+ SRAM @ 633 MHz, Hybrid Memory Cube
  • Hard Protocol IP – 3 EMACs, PCI Express Gen3 X 8, 10/40G BaseKR- forward error correction (FEC), Interlaken physical coding sublayer (PCS)
  • Security – AES-256/SHA-256 bitsream encryption/authentication, physically unclonable function (PUF), ECDSA 256/384 boot code authentication, multi-factor key infrastructure with layered hierarchy for root of trust, side channel attack protection

Compared to the previous FPGA generation (Stratix V), Intel claims twice the core performance, five times the density, up to 70% lower power consumption, up to 10 TFLOPS single-precision floating point DSP performance, and up to 1 TBps memory bandwidth with integrated High-Bandwidth Memory (HBM2) in-package.

The new FPGA family targets data centers and networking infrastructures, which require high-bandwidth, multiple protocols and modulation schemes support, with a high performance-per-watt ratio.

You’ll find more details on Altera Stratix 10 FPGA product page.

Categories: Altera Cyclone, Hardware Tags: altera, arm, armv8, fpga, intel

GOLE2 Mini PC Comes in Intel and ARM Flavors, Features a SATA Bay and Built-in Camera (Crowdfunding)

October 9th, 2016 10 comments

GOLE1 was an different and interesting product combining tablet and mini PC features into one, but I found the 5″ screen to be rather useless, and the battery did not work exactly well since it would only charge when powered off.  The new GOLE2 mini PC won’t have any of those issues since it does not come with neither a display or a battery, but instead comes into two flavors with a version running Windows 10 on Intel Atom x5-Z8350 Cherry Trail processor, and another running Android based Phoenix OS on Allwinner A64 quad core ARM Cortex A53 processor. The devices also include an HD camera and microphone for video conference, as well as 2.5″ SATA bay implemented through a USB to SATA bridge.

gole2Beside the processor and memory, both GOLE2 models share the most of the same hardware specifications:

  • SoC
    • Intel Atom x5-Z8350 “Cherry Trail” quad core processor @ 1.44 GHz / 1.92 GHz with Intel Gen8 HD graphics (2W SDP) or
    • Allwinner A64 quad core ARM Cortex A53 processor with Mali-400MP2 GPU
  • System Memory –  2GB RAM on ARM / 4 GB RAM on Intel
  • Storage – 32 GB internal storage, 2.5″ SATA slot for SSD/HDD, micro SD slot up to 128 GB
  • Video Output – HDMI 1.4 port
  • Audio I/O – HDMI, 3.5mm headphone jack, built-in microphone, 8 ohm speaker
  • Connectivity – 10/100M Ethernet, 802.11 b/g/n/ac Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth 4.0
  • Camera – 5MP camera with 90 degree wide angle
  • USB – 2x USB 2.0 host ports, 1x USB 3.0 port (Intel only)
  • Misc – Power , and volume buttons
  • Battery – 2600mAh battery good about about 2 hours of typical use
  • Power Supply – 5V/3.0A
  • Dimensions – 151.24 x 57.56 x 142.7 mm (aluminum body)

phoenix-os-mini-pcThe mini PC ships with the power supply, an HDMI cable, and a user’s manual in English, German, and Japanese. The Intel model is available in white and black versions, and ARM model in gold/orange only.

Just like GOLE1, the company has decide to launch GOLE2 on Indiegogo, where you can get GOLE2 Phoenix OS was as low as $69 (Early bird) and up to $99, while GOLE2 Windows 10 starts at $114 (Early bird) up to $144 without a license, so you’d need to add $25 to get a proper Windows 10 license. Shipping is not included and adds $35 for DHL or EMS shipping. Delivery is scheduled for December 2016. If history is any guide, you should be able to purchase GOLE2 for about the same price, if not lower due to cheaper shipping, once it gets sold on Chinese online shops in early 2017.


Gumstix Nodana 96BCE 96Boards Compatible Baseboard Takes Intel Joule Module

October 3rd, 2016 1 comment

96Boards is an initiative from Linaro, an engineering organization focusing on ARM development, to define some hardware and software specifications for development boards. But since 96Boards specifications are open, Gumstix decided to create the first x86 board compliant with 96Boards CE hardware specifications with Nodana 96BCE baseboard powered by Intel Joule Module. For obvious reasons, this will never be an officially supported platform.

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Nodana 96BCE board specifications:

  • SoM – Intel Joule Module based on Intel Atom T5700 or T5500 processor with up to 16GB storage, 4GB RAM.
  • External Storage – 1x micro SD card
  • Video Output – 1x HDMI port
  • USB – 2x USB 3.0 ports, 1x USB 3.0 type C port
  • Expansion Headers
    • 96Boards Low Speed connector with I2C, SPI and UART
    • 96Board High Speed connector with MIPI DSI and USB 2.0
  • Power Supply – 8 to 18 V (if it follows 96Boards CE specs)
  • Dimensions – 85 x 54 mm

Gumstix has not provided details about software support yet, but Intel Joule modules support Ostro OS, Ubuntu/Ubuntu Core (Snappy), and  Microsoft Windows 10 IoT Core.

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Nodana 96BCE board will sell for $89 without Intel Joule module, for which the price has not been officially released, but for reference Intel Joule development kit sells for $370. Gumstix is also working on Radium 96BIE 96Boards IoT Edition board for Intel Curie module, that will go on sale for $75 again without Intel’s module. It’s unclear to me how x86 boards may really benefit from 96Boards form factor, since they can’t leverage software work made by Linaro, and the only advantage would be support for the few Mezzanine expansion boards available right now. We’ll have to see how this will all evolve.

Via HackerBoards

Intel Gemini Lake Celeron & Pentium Processors Will Replace Apollo Lake Processors in 2018

September 16th, 2016 No comments

While Laptops and mini PCs powered by Intel Apollo Lake low lower Celeron and Pentium processors are slowly starting to show up, and should go into full swing in 2017, Intel is also working on their successors, which according to a leaked roadmap for 2017-2018 will be Gemini Lake processors.


Gemini Lake will also have a 4 to 6 Watts TDP, and come in a BGA package, but there’s nothing much else we know, except the first processors should become available in Q4 2017 or Q1 2018. Other families include mid-range Cannon Lake family with 5.2 to 15 W TDP with some Core M and Core ix processors, and the higher-end Coffee Lake family succeeding Kaby Lake and Skylake processors.

intel-mobile-roadmap-2016-2017Another slide shows Gemini Lake processors will target the same products as Braswell and Apollo Lake processors with 2-in-1 laptops, ultra-thin notebooks, and mainstream notebooks. I’m pretty sure we’ll also see Celeron Nxxx and Pentium Jxxx Gemini Lake processors in mini PCs.

Via Liliputing

Large American Technology Companies Abusive Practices Against Bloggers

September 10th, 2016 53 comments

OK the title might be a little over of the top, but within the last month or so, I’ve been a “victim” of three American companies’ requests, via third parties, namely their customers or technology partners, never directly, to delete or amend the content of this blog. One which I believe is justified albeit not really necessary, and two are just ridiculous, with the latest one prompting me to write this post.


The first issue was about a post entitled “Allwinner A64 based Pine A64 and Banana Pi M64 Boards Can Now Run Windows 10 IoT Core“, where I shared .ffu firmware file links that I found directly via a page on Microsoft Azure github about Banana Pi board. There were accessible without any EULA, or agreement. So The Internet being the Internet, where you can freely share links that don’t break any sort of copyrights or promote hate, I added the links to my post, as well as a video showing the board with Windows IoT.

Two days later, I received an email from a company telling Microsoft had been asked them to ask me to “remove the ffu links from the article as MS are quite sensitive about publishing them” and “could you remove the video?”. I reluctantly did it, since I’ve received DMCA requests from Microsoft in the past for allegedly infringing on their copyrights in that post, but the way Google words them, it’s nearly impossible to find out why exactly. Google will normally comply with Microsoft request, so the page was removed from Google Search results, but funnily enough I can find it in Bing… On the bright side, there’s a lawsuit against DMCA by the Electronic Frontier Foundation in progress… Who knows, this might also help terminate YouTube’s “you’re guilty until proven innocent” policy regarding fair use of copyrighted audio and video…

The second US company asking me to modify my content this month was Intel, against by proxy, through their customer. The post was “Intel Atom C3000 Denverton Processor Targets Low Power Servers“, and a company contacted me to remove two pictures, and references to a specific company, as Intel had seen this was in conflict with an NDA. I got the picture and info from Anandtech, but I was explained that there’s been a misunderstanding with Anandtech when they published the pictures, and I could see they had themselves removed the pictures, so I did it too as I felt it was a fair request. However, I still have a hard time understanding how those two pictures can negatively impact Intel business, and IMHO they’d better focus their efforts on more important things. It also took them around 50 days to report the issue…

Netflix was the third company asking me to remove content or even delete a post by proxy. The interesting part is that I did not have any input from any company involved when I wrote “MINIX NEO U9-H 4K HDR Amlogic S912-H Android TV Box Coming in October“, as I got all my info from HDBlog Italia, except for one confirmation about the use of Amlogic S912-H processor. The post was written five days ago, and today I received an email by a third party asking me to remove the post. Wow, that’s quite a request without explanation… So I asked why and whether I could amend part of the post instead, and I was told that Neflix was quite unhappy about my post because of the text in bold below:

One interesting point is that Widewine Level 1 DRM is supported, so some premium video streaming app will support HD and maybe 4K UHD. It does not mean Netflix HD/4K will be supported however, as this requires an extra agreement with Netflix, but it’s still a step in the right direction.

It’s quite a well known fact that Netflix HD and 4K does not work on all devices, and Netflix even have a list of working devices. It’s quite hard to understand why this comment would become an issue, unless Netflix feels like it makes them look like the deliver a poorly supported service… Anyway, I changed the “inadequate” post by removing the text in bold, and wrote this post instead to make everybody happy 🙂

Intel Introduces 6 Apollo Lake Processors: Celeron N3350, N3450, J3355, J3455, and Pentium N4200 & J4205

September 1st, 2016 4 comments

Intel has been talking about Apollo Lake processor family, successor of Braswell family, and even showcased some Apollo Lake NUCs, but AFAIK, so far the company did not actually disclose any part numbers for the new processors. That has changed since Intel has now listed 6 “Formerly Apollo Lake” Celeron and Pentium processors on their website.

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There are three processor for mobile (read laptop) devices (Nxxx parts), and three for desktop (Jxxx parts):

  • For tablets, notebooks, 2-in-1 hybrids:
    • Celeron N3350 dual core processor @ 1.1 GHz / 2.4 GHz (Burst frequency) and 12 EU Intel HD graphics 500 @ 200 MHz / 650 MHz (Burst freq.); 6W TDP
    • Celeron N3450 quad core processor @ 1.1 GHz / 2.2 GHz (Burst frequency) and 12 EU Intel HD graphics 500 @ 200 MHz / 700 MHz (Burst freq.); 6W TDP
    • Pentium N4200 quad core processor @ 1.1 GHz / 2.5 GHz (Burst frequency) and 18 EU Intel HD graphics 505 @ 200 MHz / 750 MHz (Burst freq.); 6W TDP
  • For mini PCs:
    • Celeron J3355 dual core processor @ 2.0 GHz / 2.5 GHz (Burst frequency) and 12 EU Intel HD graphics 500 @ 250 MHz / 700 MHz (Burst freq.); 10W TDP
    • Celeron J3455 quad core processor @ 1.5 GHz / 2.3 GHz (Burst frequency) and 12 EU Intel HD graphics 500 @ 250 MHz / 700 MHz (Burst freq.); 10W TDP
    • Penitum J4205 quad core processor @ 1.5 GHz / 2.6 GHz (Burst frequency) and 18 EU Intel HD graphics 505 @ 250 MHz / 800 MHz (Burst freq.); 10W TDP

All processors come in FCBGA1296 package, supports up to 8GB dual channels memory, eDP/DP/HDMI/MIPI-DSI graphics output, up to 6 PCIe lanes, 8 USB 2.0/3.0 ports, and 2x SATA 6.0 Gbps ports. So both mobile and desktop processors have the same features, but the desktop versions are clocked a little higher, providing better performance at the cost of higher power consumption.

Via FanlessTech

Intel Atom T5500 & T5700 Processors Architecture and (Estimated) Benchmarks

August 18th, 2016 5 comments

Intel announced their Joule Compute Module yesterday, but did not provide that many details about the new Intel Atom T5500 and T5700 processors used in the module. Liliputing got some more details with slides from an IDF16 presentation entitled “Accelerating Innovation With Next-Generation Intel® Atom™ Processor-Based Platform” that now require authentication for download, but we have the most important slide already starting with the block diagram.


Intel Atom T5500 and T5700 SoC are both quad core Atom x7 processor, but they are based on Intel Goldmont architecture, as used in Celeron & Pentium Apollo Lake processor to be featured in laptop and mini PCs, and embed a newer 18EU Intel Gen9 graphics and media GPU with Quick Sync technology for 4K video encoding and decoding using H.265, H.264, and VP9/VP8 codecs. They also feature various peripherals and features that you’d expected in an IoT processor including:

  • a Sensor Hub processor
  • a Power management unit
  • HDMI video output, MIPI DSI display interface
  • I2S audio
  • USB 3.0 and 2.0 ports
  • PCI Express
  • I2C, UART, PWM, and GPIOs
  • Up to 6x MIPI CSI cameras
  • eMMC 5.0 and SDIO 3.0 storage support
  • LPDDR4 CoPoP memory

They did not integrated WiFi and Bluetooth inside the chip, but instead relying on the PCI Express interface to add wireless modules such as Intel WCS8270, and the USB 3.0 interface may be used to interface with the upcoming Intel Realsense ZR300 camera for 3D depth sensing.

Atom x5-Z8300 vs Atom T5700

Atom x5-Z8500 vs Atom T5700

While Intel Atom x5 processors are used in tablet and mini PCs, and the new Atom T5500/T5700 processors target high end IoT and robotics applications, the company still compared the performance of both processors, and T5700 is 41 to 56% faster in their estimation of the scores in three benchmarks (SPECint single & multi-threaded, and GFXbench 3.0 – T-Rex). For a given power budget, performance is also shown to be greater in T5x00 processors.

Prices will likely be significantly higher, as Intel probably left the mobile market due to razor thin margins, and while the technical specifications would allow Atom T5x00 processors to find their ways into tablets, 2-in-1 hybrid laptops, and mini PCs, this should not be expected.

Categories: Hardware, Intel Atom, Linux Tags: idf 2016, intel, IoT