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Posts Tagged ‘openwrt’

WRTnode2P, WRTnode2R and WRTnodeHi OpenWRT Boards to Feature M.2 & mini PCIe Edge Connectors, H.265 Camera Support, and More

August 17th, 2015 12 comments

WRTnode is a small and low cost development board powered by Mediatek MT7620N and running OpenWRT. The developers have been working on three new OpenWRT boards based on Mediatek or Hisilicon processor and featuring either an M.2 connector, a mini PCIe connector, or support for H.265 camera.

WRTnode2P

WRTnode2P

The first board is WRTnode2P with the following specifications:

  • SoC – Mediatek MT7628an MIPS 24KEc processor @ 575 MHz
  • System Memory – 256 MB RAM
  • Storage – 32MB Flash
  • Connectivity – 802.11 b/g/n WiFi @ 300 Mbps (2T2R)
  • I/Os via NGFF M.2 connector:
    • PCIe X1, USB 2.0 host, SD-XC
    • 5x 100M Ethernet switch
    • I2S up to 192K/24-bit
    • 2x UART, SPI, I2C
    • 20x GPIO
  • Dimensions – 42 x 22mm
WRTnode2R

WRTnode2R

The second board, WRTNode2R, features a processor and a micro-controller, and can be connected to a mini PCIe port:

  • SoC – Mediatek MT7688an MIPS24K Processor @ 580 MHz
  • System Memory – 256 MB DDR2
  • Storage – 32MB NOR Flash
  • MCU – STMicro STM32F103 Cortex M3 micro-controller
  • Connectivity – 802.11 b/g/n WiFi @ 300 Mbps (2T2R)
  • I/Os via mPCIe connector (preliminary, exact details are TBC):
    • Mediatek processor
      • PCIe X1, USB 2.0 host, SD-XC
      • 5x 100M Ethernet
      • I2S up to 192K/24-bit
      • 2x UART, SPI, I2C
      • 4x PWM
      • 20x GPIO
    • STM32 MCU:
      • 5x 12 A/D
      • 26x GPIO
      • 10x PWM @ 36 MHz
      • CAN, 3x timer
  • Dimensions – N/A

The Mediatek processor runs OpenWRT, while the ST Micro MCU will run Liteos, but not LiteOS “open source, UNIX-like operating system designed for wireless sensor networks”, but rather Liteos developed by Huawei, which can also run on OpenWRT. More information about Liteos can be found on the community page. (Chinese only).

WRTnode Hi

WRTnode Hi

The third and last board, WRTnode Hi, is a little different because it’s a WiFi camera board powered by Hisilicon Hi3516A:

  • SoC- HiSilicon Hi3516A ARM Cortex A7 processor @ 600MHz with NEON and FPU
  • System Memory – 512B DDR3
  • Storage – 32MB SPI Flash
  • Connectivity – 802.11 b/g/n WiFi
  • Camera Support

    • Up to 5MP sensor
    • H.264 / H.265 multi-stream real-time encoding
    • H.265 up to 2560×1920 @ 30 fps at 4 Mbps
  • I/Os via mPCIe edge connector
    • 2x SAR-ADC
    • 4x UART interfaces
    • IR, I2C, SPI master,  I2, GPIO 
    • 8x PWM interface (four independent, four multiplexed with other pins)
    • 2x SDIO 3.0 interface with support for SDXC
    • 1x USB 2.0 HOST / Device interface
    • 100/1000Mbps Ethernet
  • Dimensions – N/A

The board also runs OpenWRT, and an SDK will be provided to handle the camera.

Both three boards appears to target the Chinese market, at least for now, as most information is only in Chinese, including product pages for WRTnode2 boards and WRTNode Hi board. Retail pricing has not been announced, but I understand that 50 pieces of WRTNode2R are currently offered for 148 RMB ($23) to beta testers in China, who can apply via Elecfans forums. If I have not lost too much in translation, these beta boards will ship at the end of September.

Thanks to Freire for the tip.

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WiTi OpenWRT Router Board Features 6 Ethernet Ports, Dual Band WiFi, SATA and USB 3.0 Ports (Crowdfunding)

August 12th, 2015 25 comments

If you thought FireWRT router board had impressive features and but still wanted more, a new product is coming soon. WiTi is also a board powered by Mediatek MT7621A dual core processor @ 880MHz, but with 4 Gigabit Ethernet LAN ports, 2 Gigabit WAN ports, 802.11 b/g/n and 802.11ac WiFi with up to 4 external antennas, two SATA ports, as well as a USB 3.0 port.

WiTiWiTi board specifications:

  • Processor – Mediatek MT7621A dual core (4 threads) MIPS 1004Kc processor @ 880Mhz
  • System Memory – 256MB Memory (up to 512MB later)
  • Storage – 16MB SPI NOR flash for firmware, 1x micro SD slot, and 2x SATA 3.0 ports supporting 3.5″ hard drives. There’s also an optional NAND flash (not included in any Indiegogo rewards)
  • Connectivity
    • 2.4 GHz WiFi 802.11b/g/n up to 300Mbps
    • 5 GHz WiFi 802.11a/n/ac up to 867Mbps
    • 2x Gigabit Ethernet WAN ports
    • 4x Gigabit Ethernet LAN ports
    • 4x RF Antenna Connectors
  • USB – 1 USB3.0 port
  • Expansion – 30-pin header including USB, I2S, JTAG, UART, and GPIO signals
  • Debugging – 4-pins serial debug port
  • Misc – RTC battery, 1x WPS/GPIO key,  1x reset key, LEDs for power, SATA, WiFi (2x), and LAN (4x)
  • Power Supply – 12V/2A
  • Dimensions – 16 x 10 cm
Click to Enlarge

Click to Enlarge

The board runs OpenWRT. MQmaker is the company behind the project, and is headed by Benn Huang co-founder of CubieTech. The website is still work in progress with very few technical details, but the forum is working. WiTi board comes with a 12V/2A power adapter,  two external antennas, two SATA cables (data + power), a USB to TTL board for debugging, and a acrylic enclosure.

The board can be had for $59 (early bird) or $69 via the Indiegogo campaign (flexible funding) with shipping being $20 for most of the world, except China, where it will be shipped for just $5. Delivery is scheduled for September 2015.

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“OpenWRT vs. FCC – Forced Firmware Lockdown?” Video and Presentation Slides

August 7th, 2015 7 comments

The article about the new FCC rules that may prevent installing OpenWRT, DD-WRT or other third party firmware on Wi-Fi routers and access-point generated quite a buzz at the end of the last month. The “OpenWRT vs. FCC – Forced firmware lockdown?” presentation that started that discussion took place yesterday during BattleMesh V8 event, and the video has now been uploaded to YouTube.

Sound quality could be better, and the slides are not shown on the video, but you can download the PDF slides to have an easier time following the presentation.

Some keys points include:

  • The requirement to lock firmware are likely to affect all users, not only those living in countries following the FCC regulations.
  • Not only WiFI access points would be affected, but also phones, tablets with CyanogenMod, and more.
  • Vendors will have to “describe in detail how the device is protected from “flashing” and the installation of third-party firmware such as DD-WRT”
  • Goal of the new rules: preventing users from using illegal channels on the 2.4 GHz band, using too high transmission power, using DFS channels in 5.3 – 5.7GHz band without having DFS functionality, and avoiding interfering with (airport) terminal-area doppler weather radars.
  • June 1, 2016 is the cut off date when devices certified with the old rules can’t be marketed anymore.
  • Comments on the rules @ http://apps.fcc.gov/ecfs/proceeding/view?name=15-170 are accepted until August 16, 2015.

You can also read the Etherpad notes for more links.

Thanks to Zoobab again.

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Categories: OpenWRT Tags: dd-wrt, fcc, firmware, openwrt, wifi

New FCC Rules May Prevent Installing OpenWRT on WiFi Routers

July 27th, 2015 33 comments

Many cheap WiFi routers are sold with the vendor firmware, but the most popular ones likely also support OpenWRT, which some users may prefer as it is much more customizable. However, this may soon become more difficult according to a talk at the upcoming “Wireless Battle of the Mesh” which will take place on August 3-8 in Maribor, Slovenia.

tp-link_no_openwrtThe talk scheduled for August 6 at 15:00 is entitled “openWRT vs. FCC – forced firmware lockdown?” and Simon Wunderlich, the speaker, provided the following abstract:

The new FCC rules are in effect in the United States from June 2nd 2015 for WiFi devices such as Access Points. They require to have the firmware locked down so End-Users can’t operate with non-compliant parameters (channels/frequencies, transmit power, DFS, …). In response, WiFi access point vendors start to lock down firmwares to prevent custom firmwares (such as OpenWRT) to be installed, using code signing, etc. Since the same type of devices are often sold world wide, this change does not only affect routers in the US, but also Europe, and this will also effect wireless communities.
We would like to discuss:

  • What are your experiences with recently certified WiFi Hardware?
  • How can we still keep OpenWRT on these devices?
  • What can we suggest to Hardware vendors so that they keep their firmware open for community projects while still compliant with the FCC?

The rule in question is listed on the FCC website with the question “What are the software security requirements for non-SDR devices and what limitations apply to software configuration control for such devices?” and the critical part of the answer being “require all devices to implement software security to ensure that the devices operate as authorized and cannot be modified“.

It will be interesting to see how all this develops, and whether it will have some real consequences on the hackability of access points.

Thanks to Zoobab for the tip.

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Categories: OpenWRT Tags: fcc, openwrt

Linux Based Zsun WiFi Card Reader Has Been Hacked Too…

July 13th, 2015 16 comments

A little while ago, I purchased Zsun SD111 W-Fi USB flash drive, and after several tentatives, I finally found a way to access the device’s serial console. Since then the company announced another wireless storage device with Zsun Wi-Fi card reader, and Zoobab decided to try to hack it too.

Zsun_SD_Card_Reader_Serial_ConsoleSince the device is pretty hard to open without damaging the enclosure, connecting the serial pin was not really an option, and the first exploit was to input shell commands in the web interface SSID field… For example, entering `reboot` there, would indeed reboot the device.

However, this would still not allow full shell access, and finally after a broader port scan, it was found out that TCP port 11880 was open for telnet daemon. You can then access the shell as root with the same password as SD111: “zsun1188”. For some reasons, telnet can’t work with the device, and socat must be used instead.

zoobab@zoobab /Users/zoobab [9]$ socat - TCP4:10.168.168.1:11880
������!����
(none) login: root
root
Password: zsun1188

Welcome to
         -------      |            /    /--/        ___      |
          /           |           /|     \/        _____   --|--|
         /_____\      |---       --|--   //--/      /        /  |
          __|__       |           /|\    / \/      /___\    /   |
         ___|___   ___|____      / | \     /               /   \|
                        深圳至上移动科技有限公司
                        Shenzhen Zsun Cloud Technology Co., LTD.
                        www.zsuncloud.com

BusyBox v1.01 (2014.12.27-02:50+0000) Built-in shell (ash)
Enter 'help' for a list of built-in commands.

~ #

That’s it you now have full access to this small and inexpensive Linux device powered by Atheros AR9331 SoC with 32MB RAM and 16MB flash, plus up to 64GB storage on micro SD card.

Thanks to Zoobab for his work.

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Olimex Announces RT5350F-OLinuXino and Evaluation Boards Availability

May 19th, 2015 3 comments

Olimex had been working on a small board with Ralink RT5350F processor for over a year, with delays mostly due to software development and undocumented registers. But RT5350F-OlinuXino is now available together with an evaluation board with tow relays, two Ethernet ports, and expansions headers, as well as a DIN EBV still in development.

RT5350F-OLinuXinoRT5350F-OlinuXino specifications:

  • SoC – Ralink / Mediatek RT5350F MIPS24KEc CPU @ 360 MHz
  • System Memory – 32MB SDRAM
  • Storage – 8MB SPI NAND Flash
  • 3x headers with access to
    • USB 2.0 HOST/Device
    • 5x 10/100 Mbps Ethernet port
    • GPIOs, SPI, I2C
    • I2S, PCM
    • UART
    • JTAG
  • Power – 3x external DCDC power converters releasing internal RT5350F vreg and preventing common problem with overheating with this chip.
  • Dimensions – N/A
  • Operating Temperature Range – -10 to +55C

The board is pre-loaded OpenWRT with Linux 3.18.11. You can find builds instructions and other documentation in the Wiki, as well as github.

RT5350F-OlinuXino_EVB

Baseboard for RT5350F-OlinuXino module

The company jointly launch the module with RT5350F-OlinuXino-EVB evaluation board with the following technical specifications:

  • Module – RT5350F-OlinuXino with RT5350F processor, 32MB RAM and 8MB flash
  • Connectivity
    • WIFI 801.11n 150Mb
    • 2x 10/100 Mbps Ethernet ports (RJ45)
  • 2x Relays 15A/240VAC
  • USB – 1x USB 2.0 host port
  • Expansion headers:
    • UEXT connector (I2C, SPI, RS232) for Olimex modules
    • EXT header with 3 remaining Ethernet signals, GPIOs, I2S/PCM, JTAG…
  • Misc – Button
  • Power Supply – 5V DC via power barrel
  • Dimensions – N/A
  • Temperature Range – -10 to +55C

Documentation is available on the same Wiki and Github account as for the module.

RT5350F_DIN_EnclosureOlimex is working is also working an an other EVB with a single Ethernet port, and an LED display that can fit into a DIN enclosure which should be useful for home automation.

It will cost about 35 Euros once it is available in June or a little later. RT5350F-OlinuXino can be purchased now for 15 Euros in single quantities, while RT5350F-OLinuXino-EVB goes for 24 Euros including the module, and you can purchase both directly on Olimex website.

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FireWRT is an OpenWRT 802.11ac Board Powered by Mediatek MT7621A Processor

May 14th, 2015 13 comments

There are plenty of low cost 802.11n routers or boards supporting OpenWRT, even starting at $10 or less such as A5-V11 mini router, but if you’re looking for something a bit more powerful with 802.11ac connectivity, options are much more limited, especially if you need something at a lower cost. One option is Xiaomi MiWiFi router based on Mediatek MT7620A with 64MB RAM, and T-Firefly team is now working on FireWRT board based on the more powerful MT7621A processor coupled with 512 MB RAM, and 16 MB SPI flash.

FireWRTFireWRT specifications:

  • Wi-Fi SoC – Mediatek MT7621A dual core MIPS 1004Kc processor @ 880MHz
  • System Memory – 512 MB DDR3 (Beta version: 256 MB)
  • Storage – 16 MB SPI flash memory, 2x SATA 3.0 ports, micro SD card slot
  • Wi-Fi
    • 802.11 b/g/n @ 2.4GHz up to 300Mbps
    • 802.11 a/n/ac @ 5 GHz, up to 867Mbps (AC1200 class router)
    • External High-Gain Antennas – 2x for 2.4GHz, 2x for 5GHz
  • Ethernet – 2x LAN (Gigabit Ethernet), 1x WAN (Gigabit Ethernet)
  • USB – 1x USB 2.0 host port, 1x USB 3.0 port
  • Expansion
    • mini PCIe slot (multiplexed with SATA), on the back of the board
    • 2x 32-pin headers with GPIO, I2C, I2S, UART, NFC, JTAG, RGMII, 12V, 5V, 3.3V, GND
  • Misc – Power, WPS and reset keys. LEDs for Ethernet, WiFi, SATA, and power
  • Power – 12V/2A
  • Dimensions – 125 x 93.5 mm

OpenWRT_SATA_USB_3_PCIeThe boar runs OpenWRT, and the company has already released binary images, source code (U-boot, OpenWRT SDK), schematics (PDF), and mechanical files on the project’s download page, as well as some WIP documentation on the Wiki.

You can’t purchase the board directly on Aliexpress yet, but the company launched a beta program to allow developers to purchase a $69 kit including FireWRT board, a 12V/2A power adapter, an acrylic enclosure, a SATA cable, an heatsink, and a USB TO TTL UART Module. Please note that this beta board only has 256 MB RAM instead of 512 MB for the final version.

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Ventana GW5220 ARM Linux SBC Supports WiFi, Wimax, 3G Cellular Connectivity & PoE

April 29th, 2015 No comments

Gateworks recently launched another Freescale i.MX6 board part of theur Ventana family with Vetana GW5220 single board computer with Freescalei .MX6 dual processor, HDMI out, Ethernet, and a PCIe slot that takes modules adding WiFi 802.11 b/g/n/a, 4G Wimax, and 3G (CDMA/GSM) connectivity, as well as other compatible PCIe modules.
Gateworks_GW5220Gateworks GW5520 board specifications:

  • SoC- Freescale i.MX6 Dual with 2x Cortex A9 core @ 800MHz and Vivante GPU
  • System Memory – 512 MB (default) to 2GB DDR3-800 SDRAM
  • Storage – 256 MB (default) to 2GB Flash, micro SD slot, serial configuration EEPROM
  • Connectivity – 1x Gigabit Ethernet port (RJ45)
  • Video Output and Input – HDMI 1.4 out, CVBS, Y/C, and YPbPr inputs, LVDS output (TIA/EIA 644-A)
  • Audio – HDMI, analog stereo Line In/Out, or Headphone/Mic
  • Expansion – 2x Mini PCIe sockets including one supporting USB and SIM socket, and the other supporting PCIe, mSATA and USB signals.
  • Other I/O ports:
    • Serial – 2x RS232, CAN Bus 2.0B @ 1 Mbps, optional RS485 serial port
    • SPI, GPIO
    • USB – 1x USB 2.0 OTG port up to 480 Mbps
  • Misc – RTC with battery,  voltage & temperature monitor; 6-axis accelerometer/magnetometer, optional GPS receiver, etc…
  • Power Supply – 8 to 60V DC via a power barrel or 36 to 60V DC via 802.3af PoE
  • Typical power consumption – 2W Watts @ 25 C (0.08A @ 24VDC)
  • Dimensions – 100 x 70 x 21 mm
  • Weight – 57 grams
  • Operating Temperature – -40 to +85 C
Ventana GW5220 Block Diagram

Ventana GW5220 Block Diagram

The company can provide OpenWRT, OpenEmbedded/Yocto, and Android BSPs (Board Support Packages). A development kit with GW5220 network computer, cables (Ethernet, Serial, USB, AV), a passive PoE power injector and power supply, and a JTAG programmer is also available. More technical details about the board and supported wireless modules can be found on Ventana Wiki.

Ventana GW5220 board has started shipping, and costs $297 per unit for 100 pieces orders. The development kit pricing has not been disclosed, but you can find request more information via Ventana Development Kits page, as well as Ventana GW5520 product page.

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