Raspberry Pi 3 and hardkernel ODROID-C2 launched the same day, and together with Pine A64/A64+, are the only ultra low cost (<$40) 64-bit ARM development boards available or soon-to-be available, so I’ve decided to make a comparison of the three boards the same way I did with ~$10 boards with a Raspberry Pi Zero, C.H.I.P, and Orange Pi One comparison.
I’ve used features of Pine A64+ instead of Pine A64 since features and price are closer to the other two boards. Text highlighted in green means a board is clearly better than the other two for a given features, while a red highlight means it’s the weakest of the three.
|Raspberry Pi 3||ODROID-C2||Pine A64 Plus|
|Processor||Broadcom BCM2837 quad core Cortex A53 processor @ 1.2 GHz(4x ~2760 DMIPS)||Amlogic S905 quad core Cortex A53 processor @ 2.0 GHz(4x ~4600 DMIPS)||Allwinner A64 quad core Cortex A53 processor @ 1.2 GHz
(4x ~2760 DMIPS)
|GPU||VideoCore IV @ 300/400 MHz||Penta core (3+2) ARM Mali-450||ARM Mali-400MP2|
1080p30 for H.264, MPEG2* and VC1*
* Extra licenses required
8-/10-bit H.265 up to 4K @ 60fps, H.264 up to 4K @ 30 fps, H.263, VC1, Mpeg1/2, AVS, Realvideo up to 1080p60
H.265/HEVC @ up to 4K @ 30 fps, H.264, VP8, AVS/AVS+ & MPEG1/2/2 @ 1080p60 , VC1 and MJPEG up to 1080p @ 30 fps
|Video Encoding||Full HD H.264 video encoding||
H.264 up to 1080p @ 60fps
H.264 up to 1080p @ 60fps
|RAM||1GB LPDDR2||2GB DDR3
||1 or 2GB DDR3|
|Storage||micro SD card slot||micro SD card slot + eMMC socket||micro SD card slot|
|Boot media||micro SD card slot, USB or PXE (network boot)||micro SD card slot or eMMC socket||micro SD card slot|
10/100M Ethernet via USB bridge
|Gigabit Ethernet||Gigabit Ethernet|
WiFi 802.11 b/g/n (2.4GHz) and Bluetooth 4.1 LE
|No, requires USB dongle||Not included by default, but an optional WiFi 802.11 b/g/n & Bluetooth module can be added|
|USB||4x USB 2.0 host ports + 1x micro USB port for power only||4x USB 2.0 host ports + micro USB OTG port||2x USB 2.0 host ports|
|Video||HDMI 1.4 with CEC and 3.5mm composite video jack||
HDMI 2.0 with CEC
Composite video can be added via unpopulated 2-pin header
|Audio||HDMI and 3.5 mm audio jack (Shared with composite video)||HDMI
||HDMI, 3.5mm audio jack|
|I/Os and other peripherals||
40-pin header with 26 GPIOs, 1x UART (debugging), 1x SPI, 2x I2C, PCM/I2S, 2x PWM
CSI (camera serial interface)
DSI (display serial interface).
40-pin header with GPIO, I2C, UART, PWM, 1-wire, and ADC
7-pin I2S for audio
Built-in IR receiver
40-pin Raspberry Pi 2 compatible header with up to 27x GPIOs, 1x I2C, 1x SPI, 1x UART.
34-pin “Euler” header with IR, I2S, 1x SPI, 2x UART, S/PDIF
4-lane MIPI DSI connector and touch panel connector
MIPI CSI camera interface
|Power||5V via micro USB
Idle power consumption:
With UI (Raspbian?): 0.31A @ ~5V
Terminal only: 0.22A @ 5.19 V
|5V via micro USB OTG port or power barrel
Idle power consumption: TBD
|5V via power barrel or 3.7V LiPo battery
Idle power consumption: TBD
|Dimensions||85 x 56 mm||85 x 56mm||127mm x 79mm|
Official: Raspbian with recent Linux 4.x kernel.
Many other community supported distros including OpenELEC, OSMC, Ubuntu Matte, Ubuntu Snappy Core, etc…
32-bit user space only (currently)
Mainline Linux support in progress.
|Official: Ubuntu 16.04 64-bit images with Linux 3.14 kernel
Amlogic S905 Mainline Linux support in progress (but likely preliminary)
|Community: Ubuntu 16.04 64-bit with Kernel 3.10 (No GPU and VPU support)
Mainline support in progress.
No (at least not a usable version)
|Android 5.1||Android 5.1|
|Windows 10 IoT Support||Yes||No||Not yet, but maybe later|
|Community||Largest community so far for a development board on Raspberry Pi Forums.
Monthly MagPi magazine
|Active community on ODROID forums
Monthly ODROID magazine
|Somewhat active Pine64 Forum, but frequency of post should increase once many of the 36,781 Kickstarter backers receive their board|
|Documentation, and hardware files.||Documentation is available via eLinux RPI Wiki, with little info about Raspberru Pi 3 specifically, but it’s not really an issue, as it’s software compatible with Raspberry Pi 2
Schematics are not available, even in PDF format, and the board hardware is closed source.
Broadcom BCM2837 datasheet is not available, however many of the peripherals will be similar to BCM2835 where the datasheet has been released.
|Documentation can be found on ODROID-C2 Wiki.
Schematics (PDF), autocad files, and Amlogic S905 datasheet are not available (yet), but those files were provided for ODROID-C1.
No PCB layout or Gerber files are provided for ODROID boards, so the board is also closed source.
|Documentation is available on Pine64 Wiki.
Schematics (PDF), and datasheet for all main chips including Allwinner A64 datasheet have been released.
PCB layout and Gerber files are not available, which makes the board closed source.
|Listed Price||$35||$40||$19 (1GB RAM) / $29 (2GB RAM) Kickstarter prices|
|Shipping to US address|| $7.99 via MCM Electronics
$6.75 on Ameridroid.
Total: $48.70 (Board price is $41.95)
Total: $26 or $36
|Distribution network and Availability||Wide sales network, with most online retailers and some brick and mortar shops selling Raspberry Pi boards. Good availability as the foundation produces 300,000 boards before launch||Available via Hardkernel, or distributors in US and Europe. Shipping may be costly to some other countries.||Currently not available, and it’s not clear which distributions channels will be used. Kickstarter backer s are starting to receive their boards.|
Since there’s quite a lot to go through, I may have made some mistakes, or missed some little known features, and corrections are welcome in the comments section. Please note that the prices for Pine A64 is likely to go up a little after the Kickstarter campaign.
Boards are likely to show similar performance in synthetic benchmark, except ODROID-C2 which should show a significant lead. However, I could not find benchmark for Pine A64 right now, and as we’ve seen this morning, Aarch64 improves performance significantly over Aarch32, so current benchmarks are likely to become invalid if/once Raspberry Pi 3 gets a 64-bit port. For example, Pine A64 is currently 15 times faster in sysbench CPU benchmark (prime numner computation) compared to Raspberry Pi 3, and it’s clearly not showing the true performance difference.
As usual there’s no board that is always better than the other two, and depending on your use case, technical ability, and other factors, one board may be better suited to you or your application.