Posts Tagged ‘debian’

Linaro 14.10 Release with Kernel 3.17 and Android 4.4.4, Debian ARM64 Port Almost Complete

October 31st, 2014 No comments

Linaro 14.10 has just been released with Linux kernel 3.17 (baseline), Linux 3.10.54 & 3.14.19 (LSK, same versions as last month), and Android 4.4.2 & 4.4.4.

Most of the work is a continuation of previous months working member hardware, and ARM64, but one particularly interesting point is that 90% of Debian packages have been built for ARM64, and the next version of Debian should have an official ARM64 port.

Here are the highlights of this release:

  • Linux Linaro 3.17-2014.10
    • updated linaro-android topic. In particular, CONFIG_IPV6=y is no longer the requirement for linux-linaro tree builds
    • GATOR version 5.19 (same version as in 2014.08 release). gatord is fixed to build for ARMv8.
    • dropped multi_pmu_v2 topic by ARM LT (no longer used)
    • updated topic from Qualcomm LT (include IFC6410 board support)
    • replaced integration-linaro-vexpress topic by integration-linaro-vexpress64. Starting from 2014.10 release, linux-linaro kernel tree will use the mainline support for 32-bit vexpress boards. integration-linaro-vexpress64 carried over FVP Base and Foundation models, and Juno support from the integration-linaro-vexpress.
    • updated LLVM topic (uses llvmlinux-2014.10.01 branch – the most recent v3.17-based version of llvmlinux-latest)
    • dropped ARMv7 big endian topic(obsoleted; most of the patches are upstream)
    • added ILP32 patch set v3 with one minor build fix. (ILP32 vs LP64 data models)
    • config fragments changes – distribution.conf: CONFIG_IPV6=y replaced with CONFIG_IPV6=m
  • Linux Linaro LSK 2014.10:
    • The v3.14 based LSK based on 3.14.19 stable tree
    • Updates to:
      • 3.10.55 stable tree
      • Android support (from Google and Linaro)
      • ARMv8 fixes and performance enhancements
      • UEFI support
      • Mailbox framework
  • Linaro Toolchain Binaries 2014.10
    • based on GCC 4.9 and updated to latest Linaro TCWG releases (Linaro GCC 4.9-2014.10)
    • first release built with cbuild2, adding more maintainable code base and automatic testing
    • binary tarballs have been splitted into 3 parts. As a result, you can install only the parts needed:
      • gcc-linaro-*.tar.xz – the compiler and tools
      • runtime-linaro-*.tar.xz – runtime libraries needed on the target
      • sysroot-linaro-*.tar.xz – sysroot (a set of libraries and headers to develop against)
  • Linaro builds of AOSP 14.10
    • built with Linaro GCC 4.9-2014.10
    • AOSP master build for Juno is cleaned up. It now builds without any patches on AOSP projects. It builds by adding 9 projects to AOSP manifest related to device, kernel, toolchain and helper tools.
    • LSK Android testing issues are fixed for ARMv8 Fast Models
    • bc tool is added to ARMv8 Android Juno build
  • Linaro OpenEmbedded 2014.10
    • integrated Linaro GCC 4.9-2014.10
    • fixed shadow securetty for SBSA compatible UART
    • switched OpenJDK to upstream aarch64 hg repos
    • dropped mongodb from LAMP images
    • upstreaming:
      • updated acpica 20140828 release
      • updated acpitests 20140828 release
      • updated pm-qa to 0.4.14 release
      • added aarch64 support to libunwind
      • fixed PHP build warnings
  • Linaro Ubuntu 14.10 – Updated packages: Juno firmware 0.8.2, LSK 3.10.58/3.14.22 and linux-linaro 3.17 kernels, xf86-video-freedreno 1.3.0
  • Debian arm64 support is going very well. More than 90% of the packages are built. The effort is on track to get next Debian release with an officially supported arm64 architecture.
  • KVM CI loop on Juno is completed. The remaining work is happening on Xen CI loop.

You can visit for a list of known issues, and further release details about the LEB, LMB (Linaro Member Builds), and community builds, as well as Android, Kernel, Graphics, Multimedia, Landing Team, Platform, Power management and Toolchain components.

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Banana Pro Allwinner A20 Development Board Looks Similar to Raspberry Pi Model B+

October 30th, 2014 No comments

Banana Pi development board was launched about half year ago with Raspberry Pi model B form factor, but with more powerful Allwinner A20 dual core processor, and extra interfaces such as SATA. A few months later, the Raspberry Pi foundation launched Raspberry Pi Model B+  with pretty much the same specifications, but a different board layout and connector placement, and LeMaker has now designed a new version of the AllWinner A20 development board called “Banana Pro” that’s somewhat similar to R-Pi B+ board layout, with a 40-pin header, and similar connector placement, minus a few differences, such as using two USB ports instead of four, and the addition of a Wi-Fi module.

Raspberry Pi Model B+ vs Banana PRO

Raspberry Pi Model B+ vs Banana PRO

Banana Pro specifications with differences against Banana Pi highlighted in bold:

  • SoC- Allwinner A20 dual core Cortex A7 processor @ 1 GHz with Mali-400MP2 GPU
  • System Memory – 1 GB DDR3
  • Storage – micro SD card slot, SATA 2.0 connector
  • Video output – HDMI 1.4, 3.5mm jack for composite + stereo audio (AV), and MIPI DSI connector
  • Audio I/O – HDMI, AV jack, and on-board microphone
  • Connectivity – Gigabit Ethernet (Realtek RTL8211E/D) + 802.11 b/g/n Wi-Fi (Realtek RTL8189ES)
  • USB – 2x USB 2.0 ports, 1x micro USB OTG, 1x micro USB for power
  • Debugging – 3-pin UART console
  • Expansion – Raspberry Pi B+ compatible headers (40-pin header), Camera connector (CSI), and LCD connector (DSI).
  • Misc – 3x on-board buttons for reset, power, and u-boot (FEL mode), 3x LEDs (power, Ethernet, and user), and IR receiver
  • Power – 5V/2A via micro USB port. AXP209 PMIC.
  • Dimensions – 92 x 60 mm
  • Weight – 45 g

Banana_PROCompared to Banana Pi, Banana pro adds a Wi-Fi module, and a micro USB OTG port, replaces a full size SD card slot with a micro SD card slot, the RCA port and stereo audio port by a single AV port, and the 26-pin header by a 40-pin header compatible with Raspberry Pi Model B+.

The company provides firmware images for various Linux distributions including Lubuntu, Rasbpian, Android Jelly Bean, Bananian, LeMedia (XBMC in Debian), ArchLinux for ARM, Scratch, etc… These are the images for Banana Pi, but they most likely also run on the Banana PRO, although Wi-Fi support is probably not guaranteed (yet) with all of these images, some of which dates from May. Banana PRO BSP can be retrieved from github.

The board can be pre-ordered on Aliexpress for $68.88 including shipping, with actual shipping scheduled within 30 days, or I misunderstood and they expect the parcel to be delivered within 30 days. A few more details can be found on LeMaker homepage, and a forum thread.

Via Banana Pi Google+ Community and Nanik.

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USB Armory is an Open Source Hardware Freescale i.MX53 Dongle for Security Applications

October 22nd, 2014 4 comments

Most computers-on-a-stick come with an HDMI port, and a few USB ports, but Inverse Path’s dongle is quite different. USB Armory is a flash drive sized computer powered by Freescale i.MX53 Cortex A8 processor with only a USB port and a micro SD slot, that targets security applications such as mass storage devices with automatic encryption, virus scanning, host authentication and data self-destruct, VPN routers, electronic wallets, password managers, portable penetration testing platforms, and so on.

Inverse_path_USB_armoryUSB Armory specifications:

  • SoC – Freescale i.MX53 ARM Cortex-A8 @ 800Mhz with ARM TrustZone
  • System Memory – 512MB DDR3 RAM
  • Storage – microSD card slot
  • USB – 1x USB host port. USB device emulation: CDC Ethernet, mass storage, HID, etc.
  • Expansion Header – 5-pin breakout header with GPIOs and UART
  • Misc – customizable LED, including secure mode detection
  • Power – 5V via USB  (<500 mA power consumption)
  • Dimensions – 65 x 19 x 6 mm

The board is said to run Android, Debian, Ubuntu, and FreeBSD. USB Armory is open source hardware and software, and you can already find the Kicad schematics and PCB layout files for the alpha version, distributed under a GPL v2 license, on github. Some software documentation can be found on the project’s Wiki, with firmware images coming later. Security features are achieved through ARM Trustzone which allows for secure and normal zones, and you may want to read a Trustzone on i.MX53 article on Genode OS framework project for more technical details.

USB armory is still under development, but you can register your interest on Crowdsupply where it should sell for less than 100 Euros later this year. Some more information is also available on Inverse Path’s USB Armory page.

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Lark Board Powered by Altera Cyclone V SX ARM Cortex A9 + FPGA SoC

October 16th, 2014 4 comments

Farnell/Element14 has quietly announced Lark Board from their subsidiary Embest Technology in September. The board is powered by an Altera Cyclone V ARM Cortex-A9 dual-core + FPGA processor with high speed transceivers, runs Debian 7.4, and targets medical instruments, video surveillance and industrial control applications.
Lark board specifications:

  • SoC – Altera Cyclone V SX (5CSXFC6D6F31I7N) with a dual core Cortex A9 processor (HPS – Hard Processor System) @ 800 MHz, FPGA fabric including up to 110K logic cells (LE), and high speed transceivers (2 PCIe hard IPs and 9 3Gbps transceivers)
  • System Memory – 1GB DDR3 SDRAM for HPS, 1GB DDR3 SDRAM for FPGA
  • Storage –  4GB eMMC Flash + micro SD card slot
  • Audio/Video Interfaces – HDMI, VGA, and 24-bit LCD interface supporting 4-wire touch screen
  • Data Transfer Interfaces:
    • High-resolution serial digital interface (SDI) that supports SMD standard interface and provides a SDI TX and a SDI RX
    • 12-bit digital camera input
    • 2x 12-bit high-speed ADC interfaces that support SMA input
    • PCIe x4 interface for PCIe x4, PCIe x2 and PCIe x1 adapter cards
    • RJ45 interface that supports RGMII gigabit Ethernet
    • 4x high-speed USB2.0 Host interfaces
    • 40-pin FPGA expansion interface for LVDS, RSDS, SLVS, mini-LVDS signals
    • 40-pin HPS expansion IO for I2C, SPI, QSPI, UART, GPIO signals
  • Debugging Interfaces
    • On-board USB Blaster II (Mini USB Type B)
    • 10-pin JTAG interface can be used to connect an external USB Blaster
  • Misc – Reset button and 5 user-defined buttons, RTC
  • Power – 12V~30V round DC power jack and ATX 4-pin standard power connector
  • Dimensions – 180 mm x 120 mm (10-layer PCB)
  • Temperature Range – 0~70°C (operating)

The company provides a binary image and source code based on Debian 7.4 with u-boot 2013.01.01, and Linux 3.10. The board can boot from either a micro SD card or the eMMC. Documentation includes a user’s manual, a quick start guide, schematics (PDF), sample applications, as well as datasheets for the SoC and other components.


Block Diagram

Lark board is available now for $799 on Embest website where you can also find documentation, the OS image and source code. It’s also listed on Newark/Element14 and Aliexpress for around $900.

Thanks to Nanik for the tip.

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ITEAD Core AW204X AllWinner A20 SoM and Core EVB Baseboard

October 14th, 2014 1 comment

ITEAD Studio has been making systems-on-module based on Allwinner processors for a little while which are found in the company’s IBOX mini PC, MOD Duo guitar pedal, and more. They’ve now launched a new system-on-module with a 204-pin SO-DIMM connector instead of the headers used in the earlier modules.


AW2042 SoM (Click to Enlarge)

ITEAD Core AW2041 / AW2042  SoM specifications:

  • SoC- AllWinner A20 dual core ARM Cortex-A7 @ 1 GHz + ARM Mali 400 MP2
  • System Memory – 1 or 2 GB DDR3 RAM (AW2014: 1GB, AW2042: 2GB).
  • Storage – 4GB NAND Flash, micro SD card slot (on the back), SATA connector.
  • Connector – 204-pin SO-DIMM edge connector with UART, I2C, SPI, LCD, I2S, LVDS, GPIO, etc.. signals
  • Misc – Built-in RTC, reset, FEL and power buttons.
  • Power – 5V supply, 3.3V I/Os. AXP209 PMIC.
  • Dimensions – 67.60 x 48.25 x 1.6 mm
  • Weight – 35 grams
  • Temperature Range – Commercial

To facilitate development, the company is also providing an open source hardware baseboard (Kicad) simply called “EVB Core”.

EVB Core (Click to Enlarge)

EVB Core (Click to Enlarge)

Baseboard specifications:

  • SoC / Memory / Storage – Via AW204x modules.
  • Eternal Storage – SATA port on module, 5V SATA power on EVB, 1x micro SD slot on EVB, 1x micro SD slot on module.
  • Video Output – HDMI 1.4, 18/24-bit single or dual channel LVDS
  • Audio – HDMI, optical S/PDIF, 3.5mm audio jack supporting 8 Ohm speakers @ 3W via included amplifier.
  • Connectivity – 10/100/1000M Ethernet
  • USB – 3x USB 2.0 OTG ports, 1x USB OTG port (full size)
  • Expansions Headers:
    • 32-pin connector (beige) with access to UART, I2C, SPI, I2S, and GPIO signals, that can be used with some add-on boards made by ITEAD Studio.
    • 40-pin headers compatible with Raspberry Pi Model B+ (UART/I2C/SPI/GPIO)
  • Misc – IR receiver, bicolor LED, power, reset, FEL buttons,
  • Power – 7-23V DC via 2.5mm power jack
  • Power Consumption – 200mA typical, 300mA max. @ 5V? (without devices attached to EVB)
  • Dimensions – 140.2 x 90 mm
  • Weight – 82 grams
  • Temperature Range – Operating: 0 to 60℃; storage: -40 to 80℃

The evaluation board can be fitted into IBOX metallic enclosure. The company provide supports for ITEAD OS based on Debian 7.0 (Link to SDK), and Android 4.2 for their modules. Some documentation, mostly the pinout diagrams. can be found on the Wiki for AW204x modules, and EVB Core.

Both the modules and baseboard appear to be available now. AW2041 SoM (1GB RAM) sells for $45, AW2042 (2GB RAM) for $60, and EVB Core for $29.99, so a complete development kit would start at $75.

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CALAO Systems Introduces PInBALL Industrial Board Based on Raspberry Pi Compute Module

October 1st, 2014 No comments

CALAO Systems has just launched an industrial single board computer (SBC) for professional Raspberry Pi developers called PiNBALL or, if you prefer, PAC-1210-S200-B2835-EXX…. The board is powered by the Raspberry Pi Compute Module, features interfaces such as two mini PCIe slots (for USB, I2C, GPIOs,…), fast Ethernet, HDMI, opto-isolated inputs and outputs, etc., +6 to +36V power input, and can operate in -20°C to +70°C temperature range.

Calao Systems PInBall Board with R-Pi Module (Click to Enlarge)

Calao Systems PInBall Board with R-Pi Module (Click to Enlarge)

PInBALL industrial SBC specifications (Items marker with ‘*’ are optional, and depend on model):

  • SoC / Memory / Storage  – Via Raspberry Pi Compute Module – Broadcom BCM2835, 512MB RAM, 4GB eMMC Flash.
  • Other Storage – 1x 2Kb I²C EEPROM with EUI-48 MAC Address & 128 bit Serial Number (AT24MAC402).
  • Video Output – 1x HDMI Out, 1x CVBS Out (BCM2835)
  • Audio Output – 1x HDMI, 2x S/PDIF Out / Optical & RCA (WM8804),
  • Connectivity – 1x Fast Ethernet (LAN9514), 1x Micro-SIM Socket
  • USB – 2x USB 2.0 Host (LAN9514), 1x USB Device,
  • Serial Ports – 2x TTL Serial Ports (BCM2835), 2x TTL Serial Ports (MAX3109)*
  • Other I/Os
    • 1x CAN Bus (MCP2515)*
    • 2x MiPi DSI*
    • 2x MiPi CSI*
    • 3x Industrial Inputs (Téléinfo, Interface S0 or Standard Opto-isolated , 24VDC Output)*
    • 3x Industrial Outputs (1x Relay COM / NO or NC, 2x Isolated Outputs, 24VDC Input)*
  • Sensors – 1x Humidity & Temperature Sensor (Si7020)*
  • Expansions
    • 1x Mini PCIe Slot (USB 2.0 only, no PCIe)*
    • 1x Mini PCIe Slot (I2C, SPI, UART, USB & GPIOs)*
    • x KNX BAOS 820 module (KNX/TP1)*
  • Debugging – 1x JTAG port for BCM2835 (ARM11 or VideoCore GPU)
  • Misc – 1x RTC (DS3232) with BR1632A lithium battery, power/reset/user push buttons & LEDs,
  • Power Supply
    • Main: 12VDC / 2A (9-36 VAC/VDC),
    • Auxiliary Power Input: 9-36 VAC/VDC for 2nd power supply or external battery charger system,
  • Temperature Range – -20°C to +70°C
  • Dimensions – 100 x 120 mm
PInBALL SBC Block Diagram (Click to Enlarge)

PInBALL SBC Block Diagram (Click to Enlarge)

There will be three solutions/version based on PInBALL board:

  • CoreAccess – For “multipurpose application”, the variant will less options (No MiPi, no industrial I/Os…). Lacks all options marked with *
  • Home and Building Automation (HaBA) – Includes Industrial I/Os and a base of a Scada OPC UA software. All options listed in the specs above are supported
  • Industrial Automation and Robotics (IAaR) – Same as HaBA minus KNX module, and a “Open HAB Smart home” software is provided.

You can check the PInBall Selection Guide (PDF) for a side-by-side comparison of the three boards. Once you choose a board, you can simply order the carrier board only, a “pre-assembled” computer with the carrier board and the compute module, or an “Embedded System” adding a black anodized aluminum enclosure with mounting brackets.

CoreAccess module comes pre-loaded with XBian (XBMC), and the two others with Raspbian, the Debian distribution for the Raspberry Pi. The company also claims to provide an “open source SW package integrating a BSP maintained in main-line, a Linux Kernel, and then depending of the version, a Java virtual machine, OSGI framework, device abstraction, network and connectivity management”. The software Wiki currently makes use of code on Raspberry Pi github account.

CALAO Systems PinBALL will be sold via Element14/Farnell and CALAO on-line shop in Q4 2014, starting at 325 Euros per unit for the CoreAccess version. The company will also showcase their latest solution at Booth 482 at SEMICON Europa, in Grenoble, France on October 7-9, 2014. Further information is available on

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The New Radxa Rock Lite Rockchip RK3188 Development Board Sells for $59

September 22nd, 2014 13 comments

You may have heard about Radxa Rock Lite development board before, so let’s clear up the different versions of the Radxa Rock first. There’s a total of four Radxa Rock models:

  • Radxa Rock (2013) – The original version with 2GB RAM, 8GB NAND Flash, and Wi-Fi/Bluetooth
  • Radxa Rock Lite (2013) – 1GB RAM, 4GB NAND Flash, and Wi-Fi only
  • Radxa Rock Pro (2014) – An evolution of the Radxa Rock still with 2GB RAM, 8GB NAND flash, Wi-Fi/Bluetooth but adding LVDS and camera interfaces.
  • Radxa Rock Lite (2014) – 1GB RAM, no NAND flash, and Wi-Fi only

The fist two versions appear to have been phased out, as they are not listed for sale on Radxa Rock website, and today, I’ll write about Radxa Rock Lite (2014).


Radxa Rock Lite (2014) specifications:

  • SoC – Rockchip RK3188 ARM Cortex-A9 quad core @ 1.6Ghz + Mali-400 MP4 GPU
  • System Memory – 1GB DDR3 @ 800Mhz
  • Storage – micro-SD SDXC up to 128GB
  • Video Output – HDMI 1.4 up to 1080p@60hz, and AV output. LVDS interface.
  • Connectivity – 10/100M Ethernet port, WiFi 150Mbps 802.11b/g/n with antenna
  • Audio I/O – Audio S/PDIF, headphone jack
  • Camera – CSI interface
  • USB – 2x USB 2.0 host port, micro USB OTG
  • Debugging – Serial Console
  • Misc – IR sensor, power key, recovery key, reset key, 3 LEDs, RTC
  • Expansions Header – 80-pins including GPIO, I2C, SPI, Line in, USB 2.0, PWM, ADC, LCD, GPS… etc

The only differences between Radxa Rock Pro and Radxa Rock Lite are the memory capacity (2GB vs 1GB RAM), the lack of NAND flash on Radxa Rock Lite (8GB on the Pro version), and Bluetooth 4.0 is not available on the Lite version. The rest of the features, including the camera and LVDS ports, are identical, and both board are hardware and software compatible. A Rockchip RK3188 board with internal storage is now possible, because instructions to boot Linux/Android from (micro) SD card has been made possible recently, and you can download SD card images for Radxa Rock (Pro) for Ubuntu 14.04 (desktop/server). There are also Android 4.4 and Debian images for NAND flash, so I don’t see why these could not boot from SD card.

Radxa Rock Lite is currently listed for $59, whereas the Pro version sells for $99.

Via Mini PCs community on G+.

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