How-to Setup a VNC Remote Connection to a Raspberry Pi

Orange Pi Development Boards

I don’t have a Raspberry Pi board, yet I’m using one right now remotely thanks to the VNC (Virtual Network Computing) protocol.

The Raspberry Pi I use runs the latest Debian-13-04-2012 image.

Here’s how to do to access the Raspberry Pi desktop in Windows XP. These instructions could  also be followed to connect to any remote networked Linux device with minor modifications.

  1. Connect to the Raspberry Pi via SSH
  2. Install a VNC server (e.g. tightvncserver):

    # sudo apt-get install tightvncserver

  3. Run startx in the background

    # startx &

  4. Start the VNC server (it will ask a password of your choice):

    # tightvncserver

    New ‘X’ desktop is raspberrypi:1

    Starting applications specified in /home/cnxsoft/.vnc/xstartup
    Log file is /home/cnxsoft/.vnc/raspberrypi:1.log

  5. Back to your computer. Install a VNC client such as  TightVNC for Windows. You only need to select “TightVNC Viewer” during installation.
  6. Start TightVNC Viewer (In Windows XP, Start->All Programs->TightVNC->TightVNC Viewer)
  7. Enter the Raspberry Pi IP address and display number in “TightVNC Server:” field , e.g., select your connection profile and click on Connect.
    Raspberry Pi Remote Desktop Connection
  8. It should now ask for the password you chose in step 4 and you should see LXDE desktop as shown below. The color depth of the display is 8-bit, since I chose “Low-bandwidth connection” connection profile because I access the board via Internet and to make the system more responsive.

Raspberry Pi TightVNC Server and Viewer Connection

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johnsonRPi VNC Server | Internet y GNU/LinuxDan RandolphcnxsoftMrF Recent comment authors
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It would not work on my PI as user pi

[email protected]:~$ startx &
[1] 1281
[email protected]:~$ xauth: (stdin):2: unknown command “c2d7e44cbb17978f166b1e4127

X: user not authorized to run the X server, aborting.
giving up.
xinit: No such file or directory (errno 2): unable to connect to X server
xinit: No such process (errno 3): Server error.

[1]+ Exit 1 startx

it works fine as root !

[email protected]:~$ sudo startx &
[1] 1305
[email protected]:~$

X.Org X Server 1.7.7
Release Date: 2010-05-04
X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0
Build Operating System: Linux 2.6.32 armv5tel Debian
Current Operating System: Linux raspberrypi 3.1.9+ #90 Wed Apr 18 18:23:05 BST 2
012 armv6l
Kernel command line: dma.dmachans=0x3c bcm2708_fb.fbwidth=1184 bcm2708_fb.fbheig
ht=928 bcm2708.boardrev=0x2 bcm2708.serial=0x39b10fb3 smsc95xx.macaddr=B8:27:EB:
B1:0F:B3 dwc_otg.lpm_enable=0 console=ttyAMA0,115200 kgdboc=ttyAMA0,115200 conso
le=tty1 root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootfstype=ext4 rootwait
Build Date: 30 October 2011 09:07:45PM
xorg-server 2:1.7.7-14 (Julien Cristau )
Current version of pixman: 0.16.4
Before reporting problems, check
to make sure that you have the latest version.
Markers: (–) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting,
(++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational,
(WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.
(==) Log file: “/var/log/Xorg.0.log”, Time: Thu May 31 20:41:56 2012
(==) Using system config directory “/usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d”
Primary device is not PCI
(EE) FBDEV(0): FBIOBLANK: Operation not permitted
SELinux: Disabled on system, not enabling in X server
(EE) GASIA USB Keyboard: failed to initialize for relative axes.
(EE) FBDEV(0): FBIOBLANK: Operation not permitted

[email protected]:~$ sudo tightvncserver

You will require a password to access your desktops.

Would you like to enter a view-only password (y/n)? n

New ‘X’ desktop is raspberrypi:1

Creating default startup script /root/.vnc/xstartup
Starting applications specified in /root/.vnc/xstartup
Log file is /root/.vnc/raspberrypi:1.log

Dan Randolph
Dan Randolph

Works for me. I just have to use ipv4::5901.
If I don’t specify the “::5901” after the ip address, it won’t work.


[…] How-to Setup a VNC Remote Connection to a Raspberry Pi […]


Starting applications specified in /home/pi/.vnc/xstartup
Log file is /home/pi/.vnc/raspberrypi:4.log

getting this message when entering the input as ‘ # tightvncserver’ and thus not getting the login and verify block .
so what to do for this thing ??