Mozilla announced it would rename its Boot 2 Gecko (B2G) HTML5 mobile operating system to Firefox OS, and that ZTE and TCL (under the Alcatel brand) would manufacture the first devices running Firefox OS using Qualcomm Snapdragon Processors. The first devices should be available early 2013, at first in Brazil through Vivo, Telefónica’s commercial brand.
The platform is said to be optimized for entry-level smartphones thanks to the removal of unnecessary middleware layers among other things. This should allow mobile operators to provide low-cost handsets with “richer experiences” for the developing markets.
Firefox OS will be fully open source and the reference implementation of the required Web APIs is being submitted to W3C for standardization.
Internally, the project still appears to be referred to as Boot to Gecko and you can build and run B2G in the emulator, Samsung Nexus S, Samsung Galaxy S2 or Samsung Galaxy Nexus.