PGCPSU is a Tiny LiPo PSU Module (Crowdfunding)

Last year we wrote about a two dollars USB 18650 battery shield that allows you to easily power your board over USB using a 18650 LiPo battery. But if you need some more flexibility, and extra features such as reverse polarity protection, PGCPSU, which stands for “Pretty Good Cheap Power Supply Unit”, may be worth looking into.

PGCPSUPGCPSU key features & specifications:

  • Power Input – micro USB input or pin header for charging (4.7V to 6V max.)
  • Power Output
    • 5V rail providing at least 350mA, and up to 650mA
    • 3.3V rail providing at least 400mA, and up to 800mA
  • Safety
    • Integrated battery protection including reverse polarity protection
    • Over-discharge, short circuit/over-current protection
  • Power Efficiency
    • High efficiency even at low load, important for long battery life
    • Low quiescent current (49uA for the 5V rail + 57uA for the 3.3V rail)
    • Enable/disable pin for the 3.3V rail with selectable default state solder jumper
  • Charging –  Quick charging at up to 1.9A (fully charges a 2,600mAh cell in about 2 hours)
  • Dimensions – 25x20mm

PGCPSU Block DiagramStaudt Technologies highlights the efficiency of their module by comparing it to a similar design based on off-the-shelf parts such as TP4056 battery charger, or DW01A protection IC, and PGCPSU had a much better efficiency, especially at low loads thanks to the low quiescent current. 

They also reported  battery life with a 2,600 mAh battery that is included in some of the kits for different scenarios:

  • 3.5 days for Arduino Blinky sketch.
  • 17 hours for a Raspberry PI Zero W posting its uptime to a REST API via WiFi
  • Over 4 months and still running for an ESP8266 based soil moisture and temperature sensor that is posting a measurement every 10 minutes; same result for an ESP8266 based WiFi / PIR motion sensor

The module can also be used as an uninterruptible power supply.

PGCPSU EfficiencyPGCPSU has now launched on Kickstarter with a lowly 1,250 Euros funding target. Rewards start at 7 Euros for a PGCPSU DUO (5V/3.3V) module and a PGCPSU Boost (5V only) module, but once all early bird rewards are gone price for PGCPSU Duo is offered for 11 Euros, or you may consider a starter kit with a DUO module plus a 2,600 mAh 18650 LiPo battery. Shipping adds a further 7 Euros, and backers can expect their rewards between May and August 2019 depending on the selected perk.

Support CNX Software - Donate via PayPal or become a Patron on Patreon

11
Leave a Reply

avatar
4 Comment threads
7 Thread replies
0 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
7 Comment authors
ping of pongtheguyukYannicwillyelmicha Recent comment authors
  Subscribe  
newest oldest most voted
Notify of
dgp
Guest
dgp

I’m surprised ESP32 etc boards haven’t just integrated a cheap PMIC already. You’d get all of the features of this + a bunch of software controllable rails that you can power up on demand.

Paul M
Guest

The graph suggests this maxes out at 0.4A, but you really do need 2A for a raspberry pi 3B+ at peak, so it would be nice if there was a higher spec version.

Yannic
Guest
Yannic

Hi Paul,

Yannic here, I’m the creator of the PGCPSU. Honnestly the full blown RPI wasn’t a design target, especially as there are a bunch of Boost converters you could use for that coming from China at really low rates.

Plus, due to the rather high base supply current necessary for a “big” RPI, the low quiescent current part of our PSU is really not that relevant. It’s really not what we were targetting in the first place.

Have a nice evening

ping of pong
Guest
ping of pong

Yannic, you should probably partner with Robert Murray-Smith send him some units and create a version that can be used directly with his diy supercap/batteries testing preferably with generic long term wifi logging for the mass exposure and later sales to the diyers https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC4AkVj-qnJxNtKuz3rkq16A

elmicha
Guest
elmicha

A little typo: it’s ESP8266, not ESP8622.

willy
Guest
willy

While it’s nice that they focus on conversion efficiency, the TP4056 has nothing to do in this since it’s the charging circuit.

What matters is the boost part behind only. For the miniature battery I always have in my pocket ( https://wtarreau.blogspot.com/2017/12/tiny-usb-batteries-v3.html ) , I used a TP5410 which is able do deliver up to 2.8A under 5V (measured) and has a very low quiescent current around 10 µA or even less if I remember correctly. I’ve verified that the 240mAh battery is still usable after 2 months. This chip does both the charge and the boost, so it’s a space saving and cost-saving solution. What is very important is to have a good quality inductor, as I noticed that some devices didn’t reliably work with certain inductors (too many losses).

dgp
Guest
dgp

>For the miniature battery I always have in my pocket

Do you have asbestos lined pockets?

Yannic
Guest
Yannic

Hi Willy,

Yannic here, I’m the creator of the PGCPSU. I didn’t get my hands on a TP5410 for now, and while it seems to be a nice little beast, its clearly targeted at implementing small “power bank” type devices. While I can’t find any good description about that in the chinese only datasheet I found, many of these chips don’t provide continuous supply until loaded with a few mA.

Our primary goals with the circuits involved in PGCPSU were to provide stable regulation (down to the range a uC in deep sleep consumes e.g. a few ten uC often) as well as fast charging (more than the ~1A that a linear charger in a SOIC-8 package can deliver).

Regarding your indication about “the TP4056 has nothing to do in this”, I suspect that you’re reffering to the legend in the efficiency charts. We just reeused that legend througout the charts I think, we may should have written something along the lines of “the other combo” or “random boards” perhaps.

If you’re actually willing to take a few minutes (and if components are available) I’d be really thrilled to know the current draw of that TP5410 module when loaded at like 100uA and 1mA as well as how well they regulate at these loads.

Best regards,
Yannic

willy
Guest
willy

I can check, I think I still have one or two of these modules unmodified (I’m not going to disassemble my finalized battery, I’d miss it if I damaged it). Note, for my use case I only care about low idle current when not used at all (i.e. battery in pocket or lying on the shelf). I agree that for a uC it’s different. I’ve noted that a number of these modules are poorly regulated under low load. I’ve seen some converters emit anything between 3.5 and 5V when idle.

With this said, the real value of your module is that it will be seen as a cheap UPS. This is why people are asking for more current to power their RPi. And with your fast charger delivering almost 2A, it’s very tempting to consider placing this between any wall adapter and 5V device!

theguyuk
Guest
theguyuk
willy
Guest
willy

I saw this one after my initial attempts, however it doesn’t provide enough juice to turn on my bike’s light. It requires 1.6A on start-up, after which I can half the power if needed. The vast majority of these adapters cut off when facing this. It’s still not powerful enough to power a soldering iron though, I need to continue the research 🙂