Comparison Table of Low Power WAN Standards for Industrial Applications

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WiFi, Bluetooth and Zigbee are commonly found in consumer devices part of the “IoT ecosystem”, but the range, cost, power consumption, and/or scalability of these wireless standards are not suitable. For example, agricultural and forestry applications normally require long distance, and smart parking or city lighting may requires scalability to a great number of nodes, so alternatives are needed. EDN wrote a thorough article comparing 10 alternative wireless standards: Weightless-W, Weightless-N, Weightless-P, SigFox, LoRaWAN, LTE-Cat M, IEEE P802.11ah, Dash7, Ingenu RPMA, and nWave.

LP-WAn Comparison Table - Click to Enlarge - Source: EDN PDF
LP-WAN Comparison Table (Source: EDN PDF)

The table includes the frequency band, channel width, range, transmit power, packet size (minimal or maximal), downlink and uplink data rates, maximum number of connected devices, topology, roaming capability, and status. If you had to implement something today, four to five solutions are “in deployment”: SigFox, Ingenu RPMA, nWave, LoRa, and possibly Dash7, while the other are only starting to get deployed, or will be finalized in 2016. All standards have a Line of Sight range of at least 1km, with RPMA claiming up to 500km… Many standards are quite scalable as they support up to 1 millions node or more, but RPMA, and especially LTE Cat-M and P802.11ah are much less suited to projects with a large number of sensor nodes. Typical power consumption and an estimate of costs would have been two nice extra rows to have in that table, but number for these two are probably hard to come by, especially since each project is different.

If you are interested in these long range low power wide area network wireless standards, I recommend you read the complete article on EDN for much more details.

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Harald NaumannGeorgeNewracom NRC6101 802.11ah WiFi SoC Promises up to 1 km Range for Smart Grid and AutomationAltair FourGee LTE Chipsets Promise 10 Years of Connectivity with AA Batteries for IoT ApplicationsArchos Introduces Free PicoWAN IoT Gateway, Costing 75 Cents Per Year Per Connected Device Recent comment authors
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[…] are being phased out by Telcos. Weightless, operating over white space frequencies, is one of several solutions proposed to connect IoT objects over longer distances, but Archos has their own project with PicoWAN pico-gateways using LoRa(WAN) […]


[…] consumption are too high for IoT or M2M communications, which explains why there are competing long range low power WAN standards such as Sigfox, LoRA or Weightless. Altair Semiconductor introduced two new LTE SoCs, namely […]


[…] power & long range connectivity, as required by many IoT & M2M applications. According to this low power WAN standards comparison table, 802.11ah also supports up 1km range outdoor, 150 Kbps to 346 Mbps transfer rates, up 8191 clients […]


You better update the table with adding WAVIoT LPWAN.

Harald Naumann

The table contains faults. Weightless P is not limited to 17 dBm. In EU at 868 MHz is to limited to 14 dBm. On 870 to 875 it is allowed with up to 27 dBm. On 169 MHz it is allowed up to 27 dBm as well. On 470 MHz even higher. There are further bugs.
> All standards have a Line of Sight range of at least 1km, with RPMA claiming up to 500km…
I can show you 1000 km on 868 MHz. BTW, move to the beach and look to the horizon. It is estimated 4,5 km far away. 500 km is not realistic, because our nice green plant is a round ball and not a plate.