Selecting Raptor Lake COM-HPC or COM Express modules for your application (Sponsored)

COM Express vs COM HPC Raptor Lake modules

ADLINK Technology introduced the COM-HPC-cRLS (Raptor Lake-S) COM-HPC size C module and Express-RLP Raptor Lake-P COM Express Type 6 module at the beginning of the year, and while we covered the specifications for both in detail at the time of the announcement, we’ll compare the advantages and benefits of the two types of 13th generation Raptor Lake modules in this post and compare 12th gen Alder Lake-S and 13th Gen Raptor Lake-S processor performance to help potential buyers select the right one for their applications.

Raptor Lake COM-HPC vs COM Express vs modules

COM-HPC-cRLS (Raptor Lake-S)Express-RLP (Raptor Lake-P)
COM-HPC Client type, Size CLatest COM Express R3.1 standard
Up to 24 cores (8P+16E) and increased cache as 36MB (compare to 12th Gen Core 30MB)Up to 14 core (6P+8E), 24MB cache.
SKU up to I9 SKU in 65W TDPWide range of TDP SKU support from 45W to 15W
Up to 128GB, DDR5 5600MT/s, IBECC (selected SKU)Up to 64GB, DDR5 4800MT/s
1 x16 PCIe Gen5 (advantage of COM-HPC)Integrated Xe Graphic Engine for Media, Graphic and AI application
Embedded Use conditionEmbedded/Industrial Use condition
BGA type and PCB materials built for rugged/critical usage

The table above provides a high-level comparison between the COM-HPC-cRLS (Raptor Lake-S) and the Express-RLP (Raptor Lake-P) modules. The Raptor Lake-S socketed processor family found in the COM-HPC provides more processing power, supports up to 128GB DDR5, and the COM-HPC standard adds support for PCIe Gen5 which is not possible with the COM Express standard. The Raptor Lake-P processor family has its own advantages with an integrated Intel Xe graphics engine for media playback, AI acceleration, and 3D graphics, plus the Express-RLP module is better suited to rugged/critical usage thanks to the use of a Raptor Lake-P BGA processor soldered on the module.

Both Raptor Lake processors support Intel Time coordinated computing (TCC) and Time Sensitive Networking (TSN) to help achieve the high determinism required for critical factory functions.

Here’s how various applications may benefit from the key features of the COM-HPC and/or COM Express modules:

  • COM-HPC’s PCIe Gen5 x16 interface
    • Benefits: Up to 32GT/s to accelerate computing with graphic cards, connect high throughput FPGA, storage devices, etc…
    • Target applications – Semiconductor test equipment, healthcare ultrasound equipment
  • In-Band ECC (Raptor Lake-S)
    • Benefit: High accuracy data reliability application in critical application
    • Target applications: critical/defense applications
  • AVX-512 instructions (VNNI) in Raptor Lake-P
    • Benefit: Accelerating computing capability in machine learning, AI model training..etc
    • Target applications: industrial automation
  • Hybrid architecture (P-core & E-core)
    • Benefit: more efficiently distribute core usage depending on the needs of a given application.
    • Target applications: IoT, Mobile, portable devices, and other battery-operated devices.
  • Real-time networking (TCC and TSN)
    • Benefit: Low latency requirement in devices communicating as industrial automation
    • Target applications: industrial automation

Alder Lake-S vs Raptor Lake-S performance

Another way to select a processor is its performance metric against earlier generations. ADLINK has run some benchmarks in Windows 10 IoT Enterprise LTSC with a 12th-generation Intel Core i9-12900E Alder Lake-S “embedded” processor and a 13th-generation Intel Core i9-13900E Raptor Lake-S “embedded” processor socketed on the COM-HPC-cRLS COM-HPC module. The test was possible because the processors are pin-to-pin compatible, but note that only the 13th-generation model is offered by the company.

Test configurations.

Intel Core i9-12900E
Intel Core i9-13900E
Alder Lake-S
Raptor Lake-S
Processor TDP (UP/Normal/Down)
Cores/Threads Number
Processor Base Frequency
P 2.30Ghz/ E 1.70 GHz
P 2.00Ghz/ E 1.50 GHz
Max Turbo Frequency
P 5.00GHz/ E 3.80 GHz
P 5.20GHz/ E 4.20 GHz
Memory Channel 1
innodisk DDR5 4800 32GB
Memory Channel 2
innodisk DDR5 4800 32GB
Memory Channel 3
innodisk DDR5 4800 32GB
Memory Channel 4
innodisk DDR5 4800 32GB
Intel UHD Graphics 770
Samsung 860 500GB
Innodisk 3MV2-P 512GB SSD
.NET Framework Version
Windows 10 IoT Enterprise LTSC 21H2 x64

Here are the results with SiSoftware Sandra 2018 Professional Edition.

Core i9-12900ECore i9-13900E
CPU Arithmetic Benchmark
Aggregate Native Performance305.85GOPS370.39GOPS
Dhrystone Integer Native AVX2390.78GIPS479.74GIPS
Dhrystone Long Native AVX2413.44GIPS498.4GIPS
Whetstone Single-float Native AVX/FMA265.42GFLOPS320.83GFLOPS
Whetstone Double-float Native AVX/FMA215.9GFLOPS254.9GFLOPS
CPU Multi-Media Benchmark
Aggregate Multi-Media Native Performance623.61MPix/s722.84MPix/s
Multi-Media Integer Native x32 AVX2821.08MPix/s964.6MPix/s
Multi-Media Long-int Native x16 AVX2314.24MPix/s363.11MPix/s
Multi-Media Quad-int Native x1 ALU5.88MPix/s7.67MPix/s
Multi-Media Single-float Native x16 FMA728.54MPix/s839MPix/s
Multi-Media Double-float Native x8 FMA405.42MPix/s466.68MPix/s
Multi-Media Quad-float Native x4 FMA22.18MPix/s26.4MPix/s
CPU Multi-Core Efficiency Benchmark
Inter-Core Bandwidth73.46GB/s82.44GB/s
Inter-Core Latency52.4ns61.4ns
Memory Bandwidth
Aggregate Memory Performance46GB/s45.56GB/s
Integer Memory Bandwidth B/F AVX2/25646GB/s45.51GB/s
Float Memory Bandwidth B/F FMA/25646GB/s45.62GB/s
Time to Copy Capacity2.78second(s)2.81second(s)
Cache & Memory Latency
Global Data Memory : In-Page Random Access Pattern - Memory Latency25.9ns64.6ns
Global Data Memory : In-Page Random Access Pattern - Speed Factor2353.7
Cache Bandwidth
Cache/Memory Bandwidth FMA/256425.33GB/s503.32GB/s
L1D (1st Level) Data Cache1.85TB/s2.12TB/s
L2 (2nd Level) Cache529.12GB/s491.6GB/s
L3 (3rd Level) Cache286.58GB/sN/A
Speed Factor50.375.4
Memory Transaction Throughput
Database Transactional - Transactional Throughput5.46MTPS4.33MTPS

The 13th generation processor is faster – typically 15 to 20% – than the 12th generation CPU in most tests, except for memory bandwidth with both offering basically the same performance and latency can be much higher in the Core i9-13900 Raptor Lake-S processor. Database Transactional Throughput was also measured to be higher on the Alder Lake-S processor.

ADLINK provided further benchmark data with SiSoftware Sandra 2021

Core i9-12900ECore i9-13900E
Processor Arithmetic Benchmark
Aggregate Native Performance292.8GOPS359.86GOPS
Dhrystone Integer Native AVX2384.8GIPS451.6GIPS
Dhrystone Long Native AVX2392.88GIPS480.8GIPS
Whetstone Single-float Native AVX/FMA271.32GFLOPS325.81GFLOPS
Whetstone Double-float Native AVX/FMA179.2GFLOPS237GFLOPS
Processor Multi-Media Benchmark
Aggregate Multi-Media Native Performance789.24MPix/s892MPix/s
Multi-Media Integer Native x32 AVX2915.39MPix/s1GPix/s
Multi-Media Long-int Native x16 AVX2358.51MPix/s418.44MPix/s
Multi-Media Quad-int Native x1 ALU66.48MPix/s77.41MPix/s
Multi-Media Single-float Native x16 FMA966.4MPix/s1.1GPix/s
Multi-Media Double-float Native x8 FMA555.73MPix/s623.79MPix/s
Multi-Media Quad-float Native x4 FMA29.7MPix/s34.68MPix/s
Processor Inter-Thread Efficiency
Aggregate Inter-Thread Bandwidth71.47GB/s78.51GB/s
Average Inter-Thread Latency43.7ns45.8ns
Memory Bandwidth
Aggregate Memory Performance45.8GB/s45.46GB/s
Integer Memory Bandwidth B/F AVX2/25645.8GB/s45.49GB/s
Float Memory Bandwidth B/F FMA/25645.8GB/s45.42GB/s
Time to Copy Capacity5.59second(s)2.82second(s)
Cache & Memory Latency
Global Data Memory : In-Page Random Access Pattern
Memory Latency39.6ns65.4ns
Speed Factor4367.5
Cache & Memory Bandwidth
Cache/Memory Bandwidth FMA/256366.27GB/s466.22GB/s
L1D (1st Level) Data Cache FMA/2561.84TB/s2.17TB/s
L2 (2nd Level) Unified/Data Cache FMA/256223GB/s338.79GB/s
L3 (3rd Level) Unified/Data Cache FMA/25692.82GB/s200.64GB/s
Speed Factor52.864.3
Memory Transaction Throughput
DIMM Database Transactional - Transactional Throughput5.31MTPS4MTPS
Modify/Read Factor11

This basically confirms the results from Sandra 2018, except the L2 cache is now shown to be faster in the COM-HPC-cRLS COM-HPC module with the Raptor Lake-S processor.

Finally, if 3D graphics performance is important for your application(s), benchmark results for 3Dmark 11 are also available.

Core i9-12900ECore i9-13900E
3DMARK Score32963528
Graphics Score28333038
Physics Score1697416977
Combined Score33623606
3DMARK Score900967
Graphics Score786847
Physics Score1689416577
Combined Score11501208

While both processors are equipped with 32EU Intel UHD Graphics 770 GPU, it is clocked at 1.55 GHz in the Alder Lake SoC and 1.65 GHz in the new Raptor Lake processor, which explains the slightly better performance.

Hopefully, you now have a better idea of whether a Raptor Lake-P COM Express module like the Express-RLP or a Raptor Lake-S COM-HPC module like the COM-HPC-cRLS, and whether the additional performance delivered by the Raptor Lake-S processor over the Alder Lake-S processor is worth it if you planned for an upgrade.

Additional information can be found on the products page for the Express-RLP and COM-HPC-cRLS modules, and you could also contact ADLINK with your project requirements if you need further assistance in selecting a technical solution that’s right for your product.

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