The few microcontroller boards that get Ethernet, are often limited to 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps, but the LP-AM243 LaunchPad development kit comes with two Gigabit Ethernet ports controlled by the newly announced 800 MHz Texas Instruments Sitara AM243x Cortex-R5F microcontroller with industrial communication and security features.
TI Sitara AM243x Cortex-R5F microcontroller
The Sitara AM243x family is comprised of three processors with one, two, or four cores with the following key features and specifications:
- AM2431 – Single-core Cortex-R5F real-time core @ 800 MHz with 128KB
- AM2432 – Dual-core Cortex-R5F real-time core @ 800 MHz with 64KB TCM per core
- AM2434 – Quad-core Cortex-R5F real-time core @ 800 MHz 64KB TCM per core
- Cache – 32KB ICache and 32KB DCache per R5F core with SECDED ECC on all memories
- Single-core isolated Arm Cortex -M4F MCU @ 400 MHz with 256KB SRAM with SECDED ECC
- AM2431 – Single-core Cortex-R5F real-time core @ 800 MHz with 128KB
- System Memory
- 2MB shared SRAM with ECC
- External LPDDR4, DDR4 memory types supported
- Storage I/F
- 2x MultiMedia Card/Secure Digital (MMC/SD), one 4-bit for SD/SDIO, one 8-bit for eMMC
- 1x General-Purpose Memory Controller (GPMC) – 16-bit with 133 MHz clock or 32-bit with 100 MHz clock
- 1x Flash Subsystem (FSS) that can be configured as Octal SPI (OSPI) flash interfaces or one Quad SPI (QSPI)
- Networking/Communication interfaces – 2x Gigabit Industrial Communication Subsystems (PRU_ICSSG) with optional support for Profinet IRT, Profinet
RT, EtherNet/IP, EtherCAT, Time-Sensitive Networking (TSN), and other Networking Protocols
- High-speed serial interfaces
- Integrated Ethernet switch supporting up to 2 RGMII (10/100/1000) (Gigabit Ethernet) interfaces compliant with IEEE 1588, Energy-efficient Ethernet (802.3az)
- Single-lane PCI-Express Gen2 controller (PCIe)
- 1x USB 3.1-Gen1 Dual-role Device (DRD)
- 1x Serializer/Deserializer (SERDES) to support PCI-Express Gen2 and USB SuperSpeed Gen1
- General peripherals
- 6x I2C, 9x UART
- 12-bit Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADC) up to 4 MSPS
- 8x multiplexed analog inputs
- 7x Multichannel Serial Peripheral Interfaces (MCSPI) controllers
- 3x General-Purpose I/O (GPIO) modules for up to 198 GPIOs
- Industrial peripherals
- 9x Enhanced Pulse-Width Modulator (EPWM) modules
- 3x Enhanced Capture (ECAP) modules
- 3x Enhanced Quadrature Encoder Pulse (EQEP) modules
- 2x Modular Controller Area Network (MCAN) modules with full CAN-FD support
- 2x Fast Serial Interface Transmitter (FSI_TX) cores
- 6x Fast Serial Interface Receiver (FSI_RX) cores
- Secure Boot, secure storage
- Cryptographic acceleration – AES up to 256-bit, 3DES up to 168-bit, MD5, SHA1, up to 512-bit SHA2, DRBG with true random number generator, PKA (Public Key Accelerator) to Assist in RSA/ECC processing
- Trusted Execution Environment via Arm Trustzone
- Functional safety support
- 441-pin FCBGA 17.2 x 17.2 mm package, 0.8-mm pitch
- 293-pin FC/CSP (Flip-Chip Chip Scale Package) 11 x 11 mm package, 0.5-mm pitch
Texas Instruments claims 10 times the processing performance of other solutions, considering support for Gigabit Ethernet, instead of just 100 Mbps in other solutions, albeit the high-end 1GHz NXP i.MX RT1170 crossover Cortex-M7/M4 “processor” also supports two Gigabit Ethernet interfaces with AVB and TSN support.
Gigabit Ethernet and other features make the AM243x microcontrollers suitable for high-end applications such as factory automation, robotics, automotive systems, and sustainable energy management. One specific use case would be predictive maintenance to reduce downtime on factory floors, and since power consumption is under 1W while active, existing power resources can be extended to lowering both the operating costs and energy footprint.
LP-AM243 Launchpad development kit
- SoC -TI Sitara AM2434 quad-core Cortex-R5F @ 800 MHz + 1x Cortex-M4F @ 400 MHz microcontroller
- Storage – 512Mbit QSPI flash
- Networking – 2x Gigabit Ethernet RJ45 ports capable of 1Gb or 100Mb speeds
- Dual 40 pin BoosterPack plugin module interface
- CAN transceiver
- Debugging – On-board XDS110 debug probe emulator
Texas Instruments provides an out-of-the box experience page with a getting started guide, a benchmark demo, access to the MCU SDK for Windows and Ubuntu with examples, and more resources. You can also find the datasheet and a 7410 pages long technical reference manual for the processor itself on TI developer website.
Availability and Pricing
Texas Instruments says preproduction versions of the AM2431, AM2432 and AM2434 microcontrollers are now available with pricing starting at US$6.05 for 1,000-unit quantities, but when I go to the AM2431’s product page I can only find it for $12.97 for 1k orders. The AM243x LaunchPad development kit can be purchased for US$89 directly on TI website.
Jean-Luc started CNX Software in 2010 as a part-time endeavor, before quitting his job as a software engineering manager, and starting to write daily news, and reviews full time later in 2011.
11 Replies to “LP-AM243 dual Gigabit Ethernet MCU board features TI Sitara AM243x Cortex-R5F microcontroller”
Can someone in a concise and technical manner inform us as to the difference between Cortex-M and Cortex-R? I’d really appreciate it.
It used to be that Cortex-R processors are higher performance with deeper pipelines, partial dual issue and L1 cache, but now the Cortex-M7 has that as well. So really the only thing separating the R from the M is the safety features (lockstep CPUs, ECC etc)
On the other hand, there are many m4-based SOCs with dual or triple lockstep and ecc
There’s definite similarities to the i.MXRT1170, which BTW, has 1GbE with AVB and 1 GbE with TSN.
Note that the AM243x MCUs could theoretically have up to 6 GbE ports, since the PRU’s are gigabit (PRU-ICSS-Gb), but in three groups of two. The PRU ports can support TSN (with the right software). Note that I haven’t dug into the datasheet to see if there are any quirks that limit the PRU’s or such.
Still no integrated FPGA matrix? Bummer. Even 2k would be great. There are applications where Zynq etc. is an overkill and iCE40 adds $5 to the BOM and sourcing problems.
I think TI used to market the PRU subsystem as capable of replacing FPGA in some applications, so you could look into that.
These look so similar to the AM64x SITARA but without the Cortex-A53 domain – probably these are selected chips that have defects in the A53 area so are binned as a low-cost alternative or just old silicon revisions with bad errata entries. Even the package (the 441-pin one) matches the AM64x.
Still, knowing the AM64x series, this would be a very interesting chip for some applications. The R5 cores are running from very fast TCM memory so performance is impressive.
The PRUs are improved compared to the ones in the BeagleBone SoC (AM335x), too. There are two modules, each containing three processing units (the BBone PRU had just one module with two processing units). The third one is obviously needed for the TSN support.
The “isolated” Cortex-M4 is suitable for functional safety.
These are exactly AM64x sans the Cortex-A53, even the TRM and errata are shared. BTW, on the AM64x the Cortex-R5 is booted up first which then configures the rest of the system, so it makes sense that they can simply carve off the A53.
Do note that since AM64x/AM24x series is so new, even TI’s own SDK are incomplete (for example, at the moment there’s no way to access the Cortex-M4 in Linux) and the TRM is filled with TBD sections, so beware.
Just the inclusion of DDR4 and USB3/PCIe makes it a punch above RT11xx… FOR THE SAME PRICE!