Raspberry Pi 400 Teardown – Heat spreader and motherboard

The Raspberry Pi Foundation has just introduced the Raspberry Pi 400 keyboard computer with the guts of Raspberry Pi 4 SBC, 4GB RAM, and a 78-key keyboard. I got a sample courtesy of Cytron, so before we test the device in more detail, I decided to have a look at the internals with a teardown.

Raspberry Pi 400 keyboard PC can easily and safely be opened with an old credit card or other hard cards – I used a card holding a SIM card – that you can swipe between the pink case and the white keyboard to pop out the keyboard.

Raspberry Pi 400 Teardown

The keyboard is attached to the mainboard with a flat cable, so we can lift the black part of the connector to take it out, and this will reveal the large heat spreader (metal plate) that, as we’ll soon see, is the secret sauce to keep the computer perform smoothly at all conditions, and enables the higher 1.8 GHz frequency.

Raspberry Pi 400 Heat spreader

The heat spreader is attached to the case with four screws. I had to loosen those and pull out the metal plate. Note it’s only in connection with Broadcom BCM2711C0 via a thermal pad, and does not come that easily, not that anyone else would want to teardown Raspberry Pi 400.

Raspberry Pi 400 Motherboard
Click to Enlarge

There’s no Raspberry Pi 4 SBC nor Compute Module 4 inside, and instead, Raspberry Pi 400 “motherboard” is a wide single board computer designed from the ground up. Holtek HT45R0072 MCUBesides the Broadcom BCM2711C0 processor, it comes with many of the same components such as the VL805 PCIe to USB controller, BCM54213PE Gigabit Ethernet transceiver, MxL7704 PMIC, and the same Cypress WiFi 5 and Bluetooth 5.0 wireless module. The only new main chips that I could find is a Holtek HT45R0072 8-bit MCU with a USB interface to handle the keyboard.

While the mainboard and casing are clearly marked as made in the UK, the keyboard has a  “USA” sticker that probably refers to the keyboard layout instead of the place of manufacturing since the sticker is both in English and Chinese.

Raspberry Pi 400 USA Keyboard

What may look like a small female header on the top left is instead a conduit for the LEDs.

I’d like to thank Cytron for sending Raspberry Pi 400 for review.

Continue reading “Raspberry Pi 400 Keyboard PC Review and Benchmarks vs Raspberry Pi 4“.

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