Ingenic X1830 IoT Processor Features a 32-bit MIPS Core, 128MB DDR2 RAM

Ingenic is a silicon vendor based in Beijing, China and known for its MIPS Xburst processors such as JZ4780 dual-core SoC or T10 video processor.

It’s been a while (a few years) since we last covered new processors from the company, but it appears the company launched another MIPS SoC for IoT applications last year. Meet Ingenic X1830 processor.

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X1830 specifications:

  • CPU – MIPS32 XBurst-1 core @ up to 1.5 GHz with SIMD engine, 32KB instruction cache, 32KB data cache, 128KB unified L2 cache
  • Memory – 128MB DDR2 in package
  • Storage I/F – 2x SD/eMMC controllers, and Quad SPI (QSPI)
  • VPU
    • H264 Encoder up to 1080p80 or 1560×1600 resolution
    • JPEG compressing/decompressing up to 70Mega-pixels per second
  • ISP
    • 12-bit RAW or up to 24-bit RGB
    • Max input resolution 2688×2048 @20fps, 1080p @60fps,720p @120fps
    • 2-D and 3-D noise reduction filter, advanced demosaic, color processing, lens shading, defog, glare, static/dynamic defect pixel…
  • Image post-processor (IPU)
    • Data format
      • Input – ARGB,RGB,NV12/NV21
      • Output – ARGB,RGB,NV12/NV21,HSV
    • Support 4 layers OSD
  • Display (LCD) – Up to 640×480 @ 60 Hz – TFT (RGB666) or SLCD support
  • Video input – Support DVP/BT1120, 2-lane MIPI CSI2, LVDS
  • Audio
    • Integrated 24-bit DAC with 93dB SNR and  24-bit ADC with 92dB SNR;  Sampling rate up to 96Kpbs
    • I2S and DMIC interfaces
  • Other Peripherals
    • 10/100M Ethernet
    • USB 2.0 OTG interface
    • 32x independent DMA channels
    • Various clocks and timers
    • 3x 10-bit ADC input up to 2 Msps
    • RTC (Real Time Clock)
    • General-Purpose I/O ports
    • 3x I2C, 2x SPI, 2x UART
  • Security – Digital True Random Number Generator(DTRNG), 1024-bit OTP, AES256 encryption
  • Supply Voltages
    • General-purpose I/O – 1.5 ~ 3.6V
    • DDR I/O for DDR2 – 1.8V ± 0.1V
    • RTC I/O – 1.5V~3.6V
    • EFUSE programming – 1.5V ± 10%
    • Analog power supply 1 – 1.8V ± 10%
    • Analog power supply 2 – 3.3V ± 10%
    • Core supply – 1.3V ± 0.1V
  • Package – BGA223 11 x 11 x 1.22mm, 0.65mm pitch
  • Process – 28mm CMOS low power

There’s actually little public information about the processor, and it’s not even on Ingenic website. I found out about it when I was sent a link to the datasheet released in March 2019.

GDK-350H Linux Game Console

There aren’t any publicly available details about software or development board, but at least one product is now selling with the processor: GKD 350H (aka GameKiddy RG350 H) portable retro game console with a 3.5 ” 320×240 IPS display and running Linux.  You’ll find it on Aliexpress for about $70 plus shipping, and a community has shared custom firmware for the console.

We can also see several references to X1830 in the Linux kernel mailing list, and some developers ported AWTK graphical toolkit to the latest Ingenic processor as well.

Thanks to Alexander for the tip.

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