DIY Pi KVM: An easy and cheap KVM over IP for Raspberry Pi

Traditional IP-KVM systems may cost you hundreds of dollars. DIY Pi KVM over IP is a very simple and fully functional Raspberry Pi-based KVM over IP that you can make yourself. If you do not know what IP-KVM is, it stands for keyboard, video, and mouse. It allows you to connect to a computer or a server remotely. With this, you can fix problems such as configuring the BIOS or reinstalling the OS using a virtual CD-ROM or flash drive.

DIY v2 board
ATX power connection for v2 firmware

You can see the v2 example implementation in the above image. Pi-KVM v0 and v2 are ready-made images available for download for Raspberry Pi. You will find all the required hardware in the “Getting Started” section for the v0 and v2 platform for Raspberry Pi. In the figure below you can see the B101 HDMI-to-CSI bridge connected to the Raspberry Pi.

Pi-KVM Device
Raspberry Pi board with HDMI CSI bridge and wires to ATX connector.

The team is working to launch the v3 board and is up for pre-order.

Key features

  • It supports Raspberry Pi 2, 3, 4, and Zero W. You need to know that for Raspberry Pi 4 and Zero, there aren’t many external components you will need. However, if you are using Raspberry Pi 2 or 3, you will need an extra Arduino board to control the keyboard, mouse, etc.
  • Full HD video using advanced HDMI-to-CSI bridge or USB dongle. The HDMI-to-CSI bus allows you to customize resolution changes, video compression, and a lot more, while with the USB dongle you will achieve better framerates, but you won’t get all the controls.
  • Extra-low 100ms video latency (for CSI bridge) compared to 200ms for the USB dongle.
  • The bootable feature allows you to reinstall the OS using the virtual CD-ROM and a flash drive.
  • It has the ability to use IPMI BMCIPMI SoLRedfish, and Wake-on-LAN to control the server.
Pi-KVM Web UI
Pi-KVM Web UI with HDMI input from target, virtual keyboard, and menu

Getting Started with DIY Pi KVM

You need a Raspberry Pi board, MicroSD card, USB-A 3A charger, video capture device, and some optional components. There are two versions of the Pi-KVM images to download: one for CSI bridge and the other for HDMI-to-USB dongle. The v2 is the most modern implementation for Raspberry Pi 4 and Zero W, supporting all of the features of Pi-KVM, including mass storage drives. If you are using Raspberry 2 or 3, please look for v0 image that does not have OTG and requires a few more components for basic implementation. You will find the complete project on GitHub.

Pi-KVM v3 board
Pi-KVM v3 custom-designed HAT board

DIY Pi KVM over IP will only cost between $30 and $100 for parts depending on the features desired. Even the most expensive configuration will be cheaper than a $500 commercial IP-KVM. The team is currently developing their own HAT for v3 firmware which will come with many more features including onboard ATX power control, etc.

You can use boards other than Raspberry Pi, but you will have to prepare the operating system yourself. As for the Pi-KVM software, you will need to replace some config files (such as UDEV rules). You can now subscribe for the pre-order of the v3 board.

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3 Comments
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GunterO
GunterO
9 months ago

Nice! Is it supporting VGA (db15)? Because many/all servers are still with an old fashion VGA connector. I can only see a HDMI port on the board.

sandbender
sandbender
9 months ago

Most server class boards have basic KVM over IP built in via the system management chip which is also providing the VGA support (e.g ASpeed SoC SMs). Usually it’s not called “KVM” though. Aspeed calls it “Console Redirection” and it even allows for the remote mounting of media (ISO images, etc).

opk
opk
9 months ago

I came across this earlier when seaching for some sort of solution for handling my NAS server that lives in my cellar. Carrying a monitor to it is not ideal. I was wondering if it was possible to get something in the form of a PCI Express card that you could put in a server to act as an ILOM – appearing as a serial port/network interface/graphics card to the host machine and providing a network port to outside. There could be a market for such a thing that’s open rather than the hardware specific closed devices you get in… Read more »

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