Portenta X8 is the first Arm Linux Arduino board

In simpler times, Raspberry Pi was making Arm Linux SBC’s, and Arduino MCU boards, but after Raspberry Pi got into the MCU business last year, it’s now time for Arduino to introduce its first Arm Linux board with the Arduino Portenta X8.

The new board since comes with the same STM32H7 Cortex-M7/M4 microcontroller found in the Portenta H7 boards, but add a more powerful, Linux-capable NXP i.MX 8M Mini processor with four Cortex-A53 cores and a Cortex-M4 core, coupled with 2GB RAM and a 16GB eMMC flash.

Arduino Portenta X8Arduino Portenta X8 specifications:

  • SoC – NXP i.MX 8M Mini Arm Cortex-A53 quad-core up to 1.8 GHz,1x Cortex-M4 real-time core up to 400MHz.
  • Microcontroller – STMicro STM32H747AII6 Cortex-M7 @ 480 MHz + M4 @ 240 MHz MCU  with 2MB dual-bank Flash memory, 1 MB RAM, Chrom-ART graphical hardware accelerator
  • System Memory – 2GB LPDDR4
  • Storage – 16GB eMMC flash
  • Connectivity
    • Gigabit Ethernet interface
    • 802.11 b/g/n WiFi 4 and Bluetooth 4.1 (Infineon CYW4343W)
  • Video I/F – MIPI DSI & CSI interfaces via 80-pin expansion connector, DisplayPort over USB-C port
  • USB – 1x USB 2.0 Type-C port for power (PD), programming, and DisplayPort output
  • I/Os – 2x 80 pin high-density connectors with CAN, PCIe, SAI, MIPI, DSI, SPI, I2S, I2C, UART, PDM
  • Security – NXP SE0502 secure element, PSA from Arm
  • Power Supply – 5V via USB-C port
  • Dimensions – 66.04 x 25.4 mm
  • Temperature Range – -40°C to +85°C

Arduino Portenta X8 Block Diagram
Since Arduino does not have the expertise to provide a secure Linux system for enterprise customers, the company collaborated with Foundries.io who help develop embedded Linux IoT and Edge solutions for the Arduino Pro Portenta X8, notably making sure the board is Arm SystemReady IR compliant, and providing a customizable Linux microPlatform OS with support for security and incremental Over The Air (OTA) updates.

The NXP processor runs a Yocto-based Linux distribution (4x Cortex-A53) and FreeRTOS? (Cortex-M4), while the STM32H7 microcontroller is still programmable with the Arduino IDE or Arduino Cloud. The new board keeps the high-speed connectors but loses the Arduino MKR headers found in Portenta boards. More technical details may be found on the documentation page.

YouTube video player

As noted in the comments below, this is not the first Arduino board running Linux, as MIPS-based Arduino Yun and Arduino Yun Rev 2 were launched in 2013 and 2018 respectively. The Portenta X8 is however the first Arm Linux board from Arduino and is much more powerful than boards from the Arduino Yun family.

Just like other Portenta boards, the Portenta X8 is part of the Arduino Pro family for industrial and enterprise use, and the board will be selling for 199 Euros or $239 US once it becomes available in mid-April.

Share this:
FacebookTwitterHacker NewsSlashdotRedditLinkedInPinterestFlipboardMeWeLineEmailShare

Support CNX Software! Donate via cryptocurrencies, become a Patron on Patreon, or purchase goods on Amazon or Aliexpress

ROCK 5 ITX RK3588 mini-ITX motherboard

20 Replies to “Portenta X8 is the first Arm Linux Arduino board”

  1. I don’t think it’s the first Arduino Linux board. They also have the Arduino Yun which ran Linux on an Atheros processor. This board sure is a lot more capable though!

      1. I was going to add the Edison based board whatever that one was called (seems even Intel is trying to forget that product line).

    1. Yes, correct. I completely forgot about those. I’ve added something about it, and corrected the title.

    1. Yeah.. imx8 and sym32h7 on the same board? Seems redundant and unnecessarily expensive. Also, I have no idea about target market. Feels like they are throwing everything they can at the wall to see what sticks. Can’t imagine this one will

    2. It’s probably for customers for which the cost of hardware is negligible and they need something that works in industrial temperature range, with security certifications, and a company that handles software support.

      Arduino used to be only for hobbyists, but they appear to focus their efforts on higher value customers with recent announcements related to Arduino Pro and Arduino Education.

    1. Well, it is approved by both CE and FCC, so it’s actually quite cheap. Developing a system like this from scratch could cost about $100k and 3-6 months If you need like <50 installations, each would cost like 2k. And then you don't have OTA.. just like Jean-Luc said, it's not for hobbyists
      200 USD sounds like a lot, but it depends.

    1. Kinda doubt that, a real time core in the SoC would make more sense, as the number of GPIO’s is somewhat limited on RPi, and some applications do really need all of them going to the SoC, like for example the CaribouLite SDR that uses Pi’s peripheral memory interface to stream the data to the Pi. If an RP2040 would occupy those pins, many such applications would no longer be possible, and I don’t see them adding more pins to the board.

  2. Finally a serious ARM product for Industrial prototyping and not a cheap board designed for School students that is a nightmare to setup in a critical environment.
    This is just fantastic

  3. Actually, this isn’t the first Arduino ARM-based board capable of running Linux.
    There was the Arduino Tre, which not only took well over a year to ship after it was formally announced (like most Arduino products of that decade), it silently never shipped at all.

    Like others, it’s not clear how this is going to do against something like the RPi CM4 which is probably going to do 100x the volume at 1/4 the price.

  4. The only thing worse than using STM32x7 for applications requiring top-performing microcontroller is adding STM32x7 to SoC that already has a microcontroller. Is this a joke on backwards compability?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Khadas VIM4 SBC
Khadas VIM4 SBC