x86 & Arm Linux Development Boards

This list of Android/Linux development board lists does not intend to be exhaustive. On the contrary, I only plan to list the boards that I find remarkable either by the level of community support, price or features, and I plan to keep the list shorter than 10 boards/vendors.

I’ll also focus on the cheaper boards (less than $100, or slightly above) as those sell in larger quantities than more expensive boards. If you are interested in the latter, I have a list of the top 5 most powerful Arm boards (in 2017/early 2018).

Click to Enlarge

Raspberry Pi Boards

The Raspberry Pi Foundation has sold close to 20 millions boards as of Q2 2018, and the Raspberry Pi boards are a step above the competition in terms of sales thanks to the relatively low cost and excellent software support of the platform.

There are several models, but the two most popular right now should be:

  • Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+ – Based on Broadcom BCM2837 quad core Cortex A53 processor with 1GB RAM, HDMI output, 4x USB ports, Gigabit Ethernet (up to 330 MB/s), WiFi + Bluetooth LE, and interfaces for camera and display.
  • Raspberry Pi Zero W – Tiny board features BCM2835 Armv11 processor with 512MB RAM, HDMI, a camera interface, WiFi and Bluetooth.

This board currently supports a vast number of Linux distributions such as Debian (Called Raspbian) and Arch Linux Arm, Windows 10 IoT, and other OS. If you run into any problem the huge community behind the board will likely already have a solution to your problem. The boards I/O headers allow hardware prototyping.

Blog Posts

  1. See posts with Raspberry Pi tag.

Official URL: http://www.raspberrypi.org/

Price: Raspberry Pi 3 Model B+: $35, Raspberry Pi Zero W: $10; You’ll need to add tax and shipping.

Where to Buy:

  1. Your local electronics store
  2. Newark/Element14
  3. RS Components
  4. Amazon
  5. Ebay
  6. Seeed Studio
  7. Many other online stores

Texas Instruments BeagleBone Black

The BeagleBone Black comes with a Texas Instruments TI Sitara AM335x Cortex A8 processor @ 1GHz with 512MB RAM, 4GB eMMC flash, Ethernet and HMDI output. The processor is fairly low-end in 2018, but the board is still popular as it exposes a large number I/Os controllable with its PRU (Programmable Real-time Unit). People who don’t need Ethernet nor HDMI may prefer the smaller and cheaper ($25) PocketBeagle announced in 2017.

The board ships with Debian with Cloud9 IDE, but other Linux distributions and Android are supported. The community around the BeagleBone is not as large as the Raspberry Pi, but more developer centric, and there is excellent documentation, and plenty of projects.

Blog Posts

  1. BeagleBone Black Features 1GHz Texas Instruments Sitara SoC, HDMI, and More Memory – Beaglebone Specifications
  2. BeagleBone Black vs Raspberry Pi – Features and Price Comparison
  3. BeagleBone Black Gets 4GB Flash, a Price Increase, and Better Availability
  4. Posts with Beaglebone tag.

Official URL: http://beagleboard.org/

Price: ~$55 + tax + shipping

Where to Buy: See list of distributors.

Hardkernel ODROID Boards


Korea based Hardkernel ODROID development boards have been fairly popular over the year, with good features sets, reasonable prices, and an active community, which also publishes ODROID magazine monthly.

The most popular boards should still be ODROID-C2 based on Amlogic S905 processor, and the more powerful ODROID-XU4 / XU4Q boards powered by Samsung Exynos 5422 processor.

The company usually provides support for Ubuntu with graphics acceleration and hardware decoding, and Android for their boards, but other community supported operating systems are also available.

Blog Posts :

  1. See posts with Hardkernel tag.

Official URL: http://www.hardkernel.com


  • ODROID-C2: $46 + shipping
  • ODROID-XU4 (with fan) / XU4Q (fanless): $59 + shipping

Where to Buy: On Hardkernel website, and other distributors like Ameridroid (US) and Pollin (Germany/Europe)

Shenzhen Xunlong Orange Pi Boards

Orange Pi PC

If you are looking for the best price/features ratio, Shenzhen Xunlong Software Orange Pi boards are unbeatable with unbelievable prices apparently made possible thanks to government subsidies.

Those ultra-low prices, however, come at the cost of limited documentation and software support. The company will normally release schematics for their boards, some very basic documentation, and firmware images that are good enough for testing during mass production. Their boards should be harder to use for projects however, and better suited to people with good Linux experience, although Armbian community that releases optimized Debian or Ubuntu images helps a lot, and RetrOrangePi is a popular firmware for retro gaming for the boards. You can also try to get help on Orange Pi forums or a dedicated Facebook Group.

The company launched many boards with Allwinner processors, and others. The most popular include Orange Pi One (Allwinner H3, 512MB RAM, Ethernet, HDMI), Orange Pi Lite (Allwinner H3, 512MB RAM, HDMI, WiFi), Orange Pi PC (Allwinner H3, 1GB RAM, HDMI, Ethernet).

Blog Posts:

  1. Posts with Orange Pi or Shenzhen Xunlong tags.

Official URL: https://www.orangepi.org/


  • Orange Pi One: $9.99 + shipping
  • Orange Pi Lite: $12 + shipping
  • Orange Pi PC: $15 + shipping

Where to Buy: Aliexpress

FriendlyELEC NanoPi Boards

NanoPi Duo with heatsink

If you’re feeling uneasy by the lack of documentation for Orange Pi boards, and don’t mind paying a few dollars more, FriendlyELEC NanoPi boards should definitely be a good option. The boards are based on Allwinner, Amlogic, or Samsung S5P processors,  and come with pretty good documentation, and usable firmware images, although again Armbian is an option for some of the boards. Support forums are also available, but only moderately active.

There are also many models, but some of my favorite are the tiny NanoPi NEO 2 with Allwinner H5 processor, 512MB RAM, Gigabit Ethernet,  USB, and I/Os for headless applications,  the breadboard-friendly NanoPi Duo based on Allwinner H2+ with 256 or 512MB RAM, WiFI, and I/O headers, as well as NanoPi K2 based on Amlogic S905 processor  with 2GB RAM, and better suited for multimedia applications, and support Linux distributions (e.g. Ubuntu 16.04) or Android. The company also provide kits that make it really easy to get started with all sort of projects such as their NAS Kit or Bakebit Kit with sensors and modules.

Blog Posts:

  1. Posts with nanopi tag.

Official URL: friendlyarm.com


  • NanoPi NEO 2: $19.99 and up + shipping
  • NanoPi Duo: $7.99 and up + shipping
  • NanoPi K2:  $45 + shipping (Kit with remote control, enclosure, etc…)

Where to Buy: Directly on Friendlyarm.com store or via distributors

LeMaker Hikey & Hikey960 Boards

Hikey Board – Click to Enlarge

Are you an Android app developer wanting to test your app with the latest Android operating systems? Then LeMaker Hikey, and its more powerful successor – Hikey 960 – might be what you are looking for, since both are officially supported by the Android Open Source Project (AOSP).

This means they should get the latest Android OS as it is released. Both boards follow 96Boards CE specifications, meaning you can also leverage the ecosystem of add-on boards (mezzanines) such as Neonkey SensorHub.

Hikey board is powered by a Huawei/Hisilicon Kirin 620 octa core Cortex A53 processor coupled with 1 or 2 GB RAM, while Hikey 960 comes with Kirin 960 octa-core Cortex A73/ A53 processor with 3GB or 4GB RAM, and both equipped with HDMI, USB, WiFi + Bluetooth, and low speed/ high speed 96boards expansion headers.

Blog Posts:

  1. Hikey announcement
  2. Hikey 960 announcement
  3. Posts with hikey tag.

Official URL: 96boards CE page.


  • Hikey: $75 (1GB RAM); $119 (2GB RAM)
  • Hikey 960:  $239 and up

Where to Buy: LeNovator, Amazon US, Seeed Studio

Pine64 Rock64 Board

Pine64 Rock64 is a board equipped with Rockchip RK3328 SoC designed for 4K OTT TV boxes, but the platform is know also know for it’s good performance for network storage applications thanks to well implemented Gigabit Ethernet and USB 3.0 interfaces. Three versions are sold with 1, 2 or 4GB RAM.

Documentation is pretty good,  and supported operating systems include Android, Debian, Ubuntu Mate, LibreELEC, OpenMediaVault,  and others. An active community provides support through the forums, and #rock64 IRC channel on freenode.

The board also follows Raspberry Pi form factor, so you can use enclosures, and some of the many add-on board available for Raspberry Pi boards.

Blog Posts:

  1. ROCK64 is a Rockchip RK3328 Development Board with Up to 4GB RAM, 4K HDR, Gigabit Ethernet, and USB 3.0
  2. ROCK64 Board Review – Part 1: eMMC Flash Module, Android 7.1 Firmware, Benchmarks, and Kodi
  3. ROCK64 Board Review – Part 2: Quick Start Guide with Ubuntu 16.04.3 MATE, Multimedia Features, Some Benchmarks
  4. Posts with rock64 tag

Official URL: https://www.pine64.org/?page_id=7147

Price: $24.95 (1GB RAM), $34.95 (2GB RAM), $44.95 (4GB RAM)

Where to Buy: Pine64 store

Dragonboard 410c (96Boards CE SBC)

96boards is an initiative by Linaro to provide various Arm development boards with specific form factors defined by 96Boards specifications, and in theory, some software / firmware requirements, but the latter is not always followed through.

We’ve also seen Hikey board above, but another one of the most popular 96Boards compliant boards is Qualcomm Snapdragon 410E based DragonBoard 410c also equipped with 1GB RAM, 8GB internal storage, HDMI output, two USB ports, WiFI and Bluetooth connectivity, and the low & high speed connectors defined by 96Boards specifications.

The board is well supported by Linaro (and partners) with Android, Debian, and OpenEmbedded, as well as third parties OS such as Windows 10 IoT and Ubuntu core. The board can also be easily integrates with services like AWS IoT SDK , IBM Watson IoT Platform , AT&T M2X , or Microsoft Azure IoT Suite.

Blog Posts:

  1. DragonBoard 410c 64-bit ARM Development Board in Stock for $75
  2. Qualcomm DragonBoard 410c Board Now Supports Windows 10 IoT Core
  3. DragonBoard 410c Development Board Quick Start Guide and Android Benchmarks
  4. Debian on DragonBoard 410c Development Board

Official URL: https://www.96boards.org/product/dragonboard410c/

Price: $75 + shipping

Where to Buy: Arrow


The page you are reading now – and congratulation if you’ve read so far –  used to be called “Arm Linux Development Boards”, but Intel launched some low cost Atom processors, and affordable x86 board like UDOO x86 and LattePanda came to market.

UDOO appears to have dropped their cheapest models, so I’ll focus on LattePanda board powered by an Intel Atom x5-Z8350 Bay Trail with 2 to 4GB RAM, and 32 to 64 GB flash.

The board supports either Windows 10 Home/Enterprise or Ubuntu 16.04, and documentation is available in the dedicated Wiki, with support provided in the forums.

Blog Posts:

  1. LattePanda is a $79 Arduino Compatible Intel Atom x5 Board Running Windows 10 (Crowdfunding)
  2. Flexible Silicone Case for LattePanda Board

Official URL: www.lattepanda.com


  • $89 with 2GB/32GB configuration non-activated Windows 10
  • $119 with 2GB/32GB config + Windows 10 Home license
  • $149 with 4GB/64GB configuration non-activated Windows 10
  • $209 with 4GB/64 config + Windows 10 Enterprise

Where to Buy: DFRobots, Amazon

WandPi 8M Boards

This last family of boards has not launched yet (as of mid April 2018), but promises to be relatively popular because NXP i.MX 8M processors will be launched in open source products such as MNT Reform portable computer or Librem 5 smartphone, and Freescale (now NXP) gave really detailed public documentation for their previous generation i.MX 6 family. They’ve already done pretty well on i.MX 8M processor with a 6,801 pages reference manual.

Several platforms based on NXP i.MX 8M have already been announced, but WandPi 8M is the most affordable with pricing starting at $89.

Yocto Project, Ubuntu, Android, Kodi, and Debian will be supported by the board.

Blog Post:

  1. WandPi 8M Development Board Coming Soon with NXP i.MX8M SoC for $89 and Up

Official URL: www.wandboard.org/products/wandpi-8m/

Price for the three variants of the board:

  • WANDPI-8M-LITE – 1GB DDR4 + 4GB eMMC flash – $89
  • WANDPI-8M-PRO – 2GB DDR4 + 8GB eMMC flash + Dual Band WiFI and BLE – $99
  • WANDPI-8M-DELUXE – 2GB DDR4 + 16GB eMMC flash + Dual band WiFi and BLE – $119

Where to buy: See official URL above.

[Quick update based on Social media comments: Olimex OlinuXino open source hardware Allwinner based boards and Marvell ESPRESSOBin ($49 board for networking) also deserve a mention]

For an historical perspective, you may be interested in checking out what the Linux development boards list looked like in 2013.

43 Replies to “x86 & Arm Linux Development Boards”

  1. wow, all the board are more powerful than my first compaq desktop computer (back to 1995), this is crazy 😀
    do you think that one day we will have powerful micro pc everywhere with quad core 3ghz ? and 4 go ram (my actual configuration)

  2. Hi,

    I’ve got a couple of queries if anyone can help.

    I was thinking of buying a board and installing ubuntu for a couple of reasons. I did want to have a crack at developing some apps but would the board be obsolete within a year to 18 months? Secondly, can I just use it general as a makeshift tab, possibly adding a touchscreen and case in future? I was thinking of the Pandaboard but also ODROID (if only it had wifi!).

  3. @Kam
    For Ubuntu, buy one of the Linaro boards: Pandaboard or Snowball. If you are afraid the board is obsolete buy more powerful ODroid-X or Freescale i.MX6 (Nitrogen6X) boards, Linaro is working on i.MX6, and I’d be surprise if they don’t work on Exynos 4412 already.

    I use Wifi with ODROID-X with a small USB Wi-Fi dongle ($9 I think).
    You should be able to add a touchscreen, but it would be very awkward (maybe 3 cm thick) to use as a tablet.

  4. @Kam
    The ODROID-X has 6 USB Host ports, so using one for Wi-Fi is not really an issue.

    Yes, the ODROID-Q would be an option if you want a tablet form factor, but it costs $850.

  5. I just received one raspberry pi and have placed an order for odroid-x. I am excitedly waiting for the latter to do some Linux programming. In the meanwhile I am trying to set up a media server on my raspberry. In reality I have been planning on buying some such hardware for trying my hands on Linux software hacking but, finding this site helped me decide on what hardware I should buy.


  6. Removed Beagleboard and Beagleboad-XM, Beaglebone, i.MX53 QSB, Origen board, Friendly ARM, and A13-OlinuXino.
    Added Beaglebone Black, Arndale, Origen 4 Quad, UDOO boards, iMX233-OLinuXino, ODROID X2/U2, and Cubieboard

  7. @Mars
    I want to limit the list to 10. I have 9 now, so I could have added it, but I think UDOO looks a bit more appealing than Wandboard for about the same price. I’ve also considered IFC6410, but we lack information about the software support and community for now.

  8. I am looking for a board that has bluetooth, wifi, and SATA. The only one I can find is Wandboard Quad. I suppose I could add USB versions of wifi/bluetooth to boards that had SATA already, but an all in one solution is preferable. Does any know of any other candidates in a $100-$199 price range? Thanks.

    Nice site for info – I have only just discovered it. Thanks cnxsoft for the resource.

  9. @RobM
    I can’t think of other low cost boards with SATA + built-in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth.
    If you want low cost boards with SATA, I think you just need to look at Freescale i.MX6 Dual/Quad, or AllWinner A10/A20 boards. I don’t know if you need a very fast CPU, but if not, something like a Cubieboard ($59) + Wi-Fi/Bluetooth dongle could do.

    Another solution would be to go with a full product (normally AllWinner A10 or A20), such as Cloudsto STB (http://www.cnx-software.com/2013/03/05/cloudsto-allwinner-a20-android-4-2-mini-pc-and-set-top-boxes/). There should be some UART in the device for development, and u-boot and kernel should be available via sunxi linux community. Mele media players could also be an option, but lack Bluetooth.

  10. Hello

    I am looking for a NAS style development board (no need of powerful display power but need support for a linux and good network performances). Any Raid hardware module for these development board?

    Thank you,

  11. Which is the best (powerful) ARM Quad board ( e.g., ARM Cortex-A15 MPCore) available in the market for linux kernel development. Board must have hardware virtualization support.

  12. What would you recommend for straight-up fast hard computation ?
    I’m less interested in doing things like running Android, video output and 3D rendering speeds and more interested in an SBC that would good for heavy floating-point ops. Is that even realistic to expect from an ARM ? Or should I should go and get a mini/nano-ITX x86 ?

  13. @jetdillo
    I’m not exactly sure how it compares to x86. But for best performance go with ARM Cortex A15 that includes VFPv4 FPU. Boards like Hardkernel ODROID-XU or Insignal Arndale Octa cost less than $200. If a DSP could help with your application, you could check a board with TI Keystone II processor (Cortex A15 + DSP), but I’m not sure about the price.

  14. I’m looking for a I/O Module with 2-4 Digital Inputs, 2-4 Digital (Relay) Outputs, with an Ethernet port, RTC with battery, RS485 port with 64-128MB RAM and 64-128MB Flash. The device be operated on a Linux based operating system, so I can port my application.

    I want this for a specific project and don’t want to waste most of the resources thats present in these evaluation boards. Any suggestions.???

  15. What are your ideas about the wandboard as a dev. kit?, I started with a solo and upgraded to a quad by simply exchanging the module, are any other makers offering the same?, i’m rather interested in knowing if anyone is following the EDM standard that wandboard follows. I think that this could be a start of making all those SOM’s working on the same carrier.. would be GREAT !

  16. @HenPa
    After some firmware pain at the beginning, I think now Wandboard dev kits are pretty good. I’ll probably add them in this page next time I update it.

    Technexion follows the standard. I’ve also seen DENX has an EDM module

  17. Hi, thanks for this review ! I’ve bought an ODROID, because you claimed that it support 2D/3D acceleration on Linux.

    Background story : I’m the IT manager for a chain of shops, located in many remote areas. I need a fanless PC for these shops that will work reliably, but yet to find one. So I turned my attention to ARM boards.

    I tested RaspberryPi, and it worked beautifully as POS (Point Of Sale) machines :

    # Fanless = does not attract dust = no dust-related problems (overheating, etc)
    # Low power = cheap electricity bill
    # No moving parts = much less potential for problems
    # Small space requirement : Very important because we’d very much like to use all available space for product display ::: I just slap it on the back of the LCD monitor 🙂 with double-tape, LOL. No problem at all.

    Unfortunately, the GUI is really, REALLY slow. Because it doesn’t have a proper driver for its graphic chip.
    So it ended up using fbdev on Linux 🙁 the framebuffer driver. Painful.

    So I took them all down back to our Testlab, and began my search for an ARM board with proper graphic driver for Linux.

    I have been trying for several years to find an ARM board that have proper Graphic driver on Linux — RaspberryPi, Cubieboard, mk802, etc. Still couldn’t find any so far.

    Thanks to you, I’ve bought an ODROID.

    If it indeed works for this particular case (small computer, no moving parts, low power, decent GUI performance), then I’ll use it for all of our POS on all of our shops.

    And do feel free to let me know if you have other recommendations for this case.

    Thanks again.

  18. @Harry Sufehmi
    I need to update the page, but ODROID boards are still good. For your purpose, Freescale boards like Wandboard, or HummingBoard / Cubox-I would also do, as well as Tegra TK1 which may be the best ARM Linux board right now in terms of Linux support and performance, but it’s a bit more expensive at nearly $200.

  19. @Harry Sufehmi
    Radxa Rock seems to me to be a significant omission from the above list now. They included Mali 400 GPU acceleration in their Linux image last March and in recent weeks they have updated their product to include some extra features (Radxa Rock Pro). I have no personal experience of the product but it seems to me they are trying hard to do some good things.

  20. I’d like to recommend the Firefly-RK3288 board. It is an all-in-one high-performance multi-core computing platform. It features powerful graphics processing and video decoding ability, and support for both Android and Ubuntu. New Cortex-A17 Quad-core processors .2GB Dual-Channel DDR3/16GB eMMC and 4K vedio. It’s really very impressive.

  21. Considering that Intel has all but backed out of this space, is a LattePanda even worth mention here (On top of it being an ARM boards lineup? ;-D)

    1. Haha. Thanks for letting me know. I think it’s because I first planed to write about udoo there, but changed after the cheaper models were not sold anymore.

  22. I would appreciate a review of this Marvell EspressoBin board, made mainly for making a DIY router.

  23. Héy… Je voudrais savoir si il existe des kits de dev. pour Semtech SX1261 sous linux….

    1. The thing with such SBC’s is that they are so versatile, so you can do pretty much anything with them.
      Having said that, I’ve seen many people use them as media player, retro gaming console, and/or home automation gateway.

  24. anyone ever seen a Arm based board, small like the PCI with PCIe Gen3 connectivity to it? something like the Hikey 960?

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