WCH CH343 USB to serial chips support 1.8V to 5V IO voltage, 6 Mbps baud rate, custom VID/PID

WCH CH340  family of USB to serial chip is very popular, and often found on development boards for debugging/access to the serial console, but the company has now introduced the CH343 “Gen3” chip – just like CH9102F apparently – with a higher 6 Mbps baud rate, support for 1.8V, 2.5V, 3.3V, and 5V IO voltage, and the ability to request custom USB VID/PID numbers.

Three variants exist with CH343P, CH343G, and CH343K with different packages: QFN16, SOP16, and ESSOP10 respectively. CH343P contains an EEPROM for easy customization, while CH343G and CH343K PID/VID can still be customized for larger orders.

CH343 packageCH343 key features and specifications:

  • Full-speed USB 2.0 device interface
  • Hardware full-duplex serial UART interface with baud rate varies from 50bps to 6Mbps.
  • Automatic identification and dynamic adaptation of common communication baud rate of 115200bps and below.
  • Supports 5, 6, 7, or 8 data bits, as well as odd, even, space, mark, and no parity.
  • MODEM interface signals: RTS, DTR, DCD, RI, DSR, and CTS.
  • Supports CTS and RTS hardware automatic flow control.
  • Supports half-duplex, status TNOW, used for controlling RS485 transmit-receive switch.
  • Supports RS232 through an external voltage conversion chip.
  • CH343P integrates EEPROM used to configure the chip of VID, PID, maximum current value, product information string, etc.
  • Integrated Unique ID (USB Serial Number).
  • Integrated 12MHz clock, no external crystal required.
  • Power Management
    • USB port 5V and 3.3V power supply.
    • I/O independent power supply with 5V, 3.3V, 2. 5V, and 1.8V
    • Integrated power-on-reset
  • RoHS compliant SOP-16, ESSOP-10 and QFN16 lead-free package.
  • Temperature Range – -40 to +85°C

 

CH340 vs CH343

The chip works with USB CDC drivers, and it should not need additional drivers on Windows, Linux, Mac, and Android. You’ll find more details in the datasheet, and on Twitter where Patrick Yang, Technical Director at WCH, often shares information about new products, and answers some technical questions.

WCH CH343G can be purchased on LCSC for just under $1 in single units, or around 55 cents per unit for 100+ orders. Waveshare is also selling a USB to serial board based on CH343G for about $4 with either a USB Type-C, Type-A, Micro USB, or mini USB port.

CH343G USB to serial debug board

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18 Comments
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zoobab
7 months ago

Finally a way to have a serial number on there, and be able to differenciate between multiple dongles on the same USB hub, like FTDI serial number?

Curious to see if they have an open source tool to change the EEPROM contents.

megous
7 months ago

Chip has integrated Unique ID (USB Serial Number).

Patrick_RISCV
7 months ago

yep, configuration tool can be downloaded here
https://github.com/openwch/ch34x/tree/main/CH34xSerCfg/CH34xSerCfg

zoobab
7 months ago

Any source code? I am not using Windows.

Sander
Sander
7 months ago

FWIW: shipping to EU starts at 6 USD. “Registered Post Air Mail $6.00”.

ben
ben
7 months ago

Would love to see future versions of this chip (or any other USB/Serial-port IC) support : 9-bit data, and USART support (both as a master generating the clock, and as a slave)

Willy
7 months ago

Just out of curiosity, in what use cases are you interested in 9-bit data ? You said too much or not enough 🙂

David Willmore
David Willmore
7 months ago

Probably for a RS485 kind of thingey that uses addressing. Some protocols use the high bit to indicate address/data. So, if you see a 9-bit value with the high bit set and your address in the lower 8 bits, you listen to the rest of the data, otherwise you go back to looking for your address.

I forget the name of the protocol, but I learned of it decades ago and told myself I’d never likely use it and just forgot about it. 🙂

Scott Lamb
7 months ago

The Elk M1 security systems do exactly that on their RS-485 bus, IIUC.

Willy
7 months ago

Ah I didn’t know that RS485 did support that, thanks for the explanation! I too remember about something being done in the past using a bit to split address/data, I’m wondering if it was on 8048, 8051, or maybe that was on a shift register used with HD44780 LCDs, anyway that’s too far away, it might have been something I found in a summer edition of Elektor when I was a kid 😉

David Willmore
David Willmore
7 months ago

You’re remembering right, the HD44780 LCD controllers use a Command/Data signal for a similar purpose. Not for addressing, but for determining what the other 8 bits mean.

Patrick_RISCV
7 months ago

If it is not a 32-bit MCU, such as WCH’s CH55x MCU, you can use the status report of the UART status register. If it is a 9-bit address information, an error message will be returned. The host adds a bit of information based on the original 8-bit information. The default is “0”. Once the error message is received, the default position is 1.

David Willmore
David Willmore
7 months ago

Or it’s a parity error, or it’s a framing error, or….

Patrick_RISCV
7 months ago

Hi, all CH32Vx chips(CH32V203/CH32V307,etc.) of WCH support 9-bit UART, which can be enabled by setting USARTx_CTRL1 bit12.

9-uart.jpg
David Willmore
David Willmore
7 months ago

Is this supported in any OS drivers for these parts?

george
george
7 months ago

The 2.5V and 1.8V for TTL IO logic doesn’t seem selectable with this board. The jumper for 3.3V/5V is for VCC output to power a MCU, but nothing about CH343G’s VIO pin…. that’s too bad.

Patrick_RISCV
7 months ago

Hi,This board should be designed by WCH customers. If you need IO voltage of 1.8/2.5V, you can use the official WCH eva board or design it yourself to lead out the VIO pins of the CH343

Weller PCB manufacturer