iKOOLCORE R2 mini PC and router review – Part 1: Specs, unboxing, teardown, and first boot

iKOOLCORE R2 is an Intel Alder-Lake-N mini PC and network appliance (router/firewall/gateway) that comes with four 2.5GbE ports, up to 16GB RAM, NVMe storage, and the usual HDMI and USB ports, and offered with either Processor N95 or Core i3-N305 SoC.

It’s the successor of the iKOOLCORE R1 with four gigabit Ethernet ports and Intel Celeron N5095 or Jasper Lake processor, and the company sent us a sample for testing, so we’ll start with listing the specifications, check out the mini PC and accessories with an unboxing, teardown the multilayer mini PC to check out the hardware design and explain how to update the SSD or install a wireless module, and check whether it can still boot to Windows 11 (default, preinstalled OS) after my adventurous teardown…

Four 2.5GbE Mini PC Firewall Gateway

iKOOCORE R2 specifications

  • Alder Lake-N SoC
    • Intel Processor N95 quad-core processor @ up to 3.4 GHz (Turbo) with 6MB cache, 24EU Intel UHD graphics; TDP: 6W
    • Intel Core i3-N300 octa-core processor @ up to 3.8 GHz (Turbo) with 6MB cache, 32EU Intel UHD Graphics; TDP: 7W
  • System Memory – 8GB or 16GB LPDDR5 4800 MHz
  • Storage – M.2 Key-M 2242 socket for NVMe (PCIe 3.0 x2) or SATA 3.0 SSD
  • Video Output
    • HDMI 2.0 up to 4Kp60
    • USB-C port with DisplayPort Alt. mode up to 4Kp60
    • Dual independent display support
  • Networking
    • 4x 2.5GbE RJ45 ports via 3x Intel i226V 2.5GbE controllers, and 1x Realtek RTL8156BG 2.5GbE controller
    • Optional WiFi 6(E) and Bluetooth via M.2 E-Key module (AX210 or MT7921 recommended)
  • USB
    • 2x USB 3.1 Gen 2 (5 Gbps) Type-A ports
    • 1x USB 3.1 Gen 2 (10 Gbps) Type-C port with DisplayPort Alt. mode
    • 1x USB-C audio port using RealTek ALC987 codec
  • Misc
    • 1x Power button
    • 1x Reset pinhole
    • Heatsink+fan for cooling
    • AMI BIOS/UEFI
  • Power Supply – 12V via USB Type-C port that supports USB PD (Note: 12V/4A power supply provided)
  • Dimensions – 75 x 75 x 52 mm
  • Weight – 420 grams

iKOOCORE Technology says the mini PC can run Windows, Ubuntu, CentOS, Debian, Promox VE, VMware ESXi, pfSense, OPNsense, OpenWrt, and others. The specifications are pretty similar to the “M1 Pocket Mini Soft Router” except it’s based on other Alder Lake-N processors, has a slightly different mechanical design, and potentially lacks the M.2 Key-E socket found in the R2.

iKOOLCORE R2 unboxing

The mini PC/Firewall/Smart gateway comes with a retail package that reads “TINY AND MIGHTY” on the top and includes some key features and specifications on the bottom. To this point, I still don’t know which exact model I’ve received, since it’s the same package for either processor (Processor N95 vs Core i3/N305), and the memory and storage capacities are not written. But we’ll find out soon enough…

iKOOLCORE R2 Mini PC Firewall Smart Gateway unboxing

The package includes the mini PC itself, a 12V/4A “USB Type-C” power adapter, a USB Type-C to DC jack in case you prefer to use your own 12V power supply, a VESA mount, a screw sets a Quick Guide, some rubber pads (although some are already installed on the bottom of the device), and a QC certificate.

iKOOLCORE R2 Unboxing

The Quick Guide is a bit more useful than usual, as it describes the ports, lists the specifications, and explains some of the BIOS settings for thermal management (max CPU temperature, fan control), networking (WoL disable/enable), and others. There’s also an online wiki for more details.

iKOOLCORE R2 QUick Guide
Extract of Quick Guide

The front panel comes with two USB 3.2 Gen 1 (5 Gbps) Type-A ports and the power button and LED. We can see the cooling system with the copper heatsink on the bottom side on the right of the device.

Alder Lake-N Mini PC Router Front Panel

The rear panel has the most interesting connectors with four 2.5GbE RJ45 ports, an HDMI 2.0 port, and a USB-C port for power only. The right side comes with two USB Type-C ports, one USB 3.2 gen 2 (10 Gbps) port with DisplayPort alt mode support, and the other for audio only, although we have to find out how to use this exactly…

Four 2.5GbE Mini PC Firewall Gateway

Teardown, M.2 SSD & Wireless modules

The iKOOCORE R2 comes with an M.2 NVMe/SATA SSD socket and an M.2 Key-E socket for wireless modules, so users may have to open the device to change to update and install those. As a reviewer, I also want to tear it down to find out more about the hardware design. Teardowns on most mini PCs start by taking out the bottom cover, so that’s where I started not seeing other methods to open the device. But if you just want to change or install an M.2 module in the iKOOLCORE R2 that’s the wrong method. Keep on reading and you’ll understand what I mean.

iKOOLCORE R2 bottom side

I started the teardown by removing the four rubber pads to reveal four screws with a relatively uncommon hexagonal head. I thought it was really odd for a device that’s supposed to be upgradeable… But anyway, I loosened those four screws and removed the bottom cover.

iKOOLCORE R2 teardown bottom cover

If you want to do that (believe me you don’t!), you’ll need a tiny Allen hex or a screwdriver kit. I’m using a SONOFF-branded screwdriver kit that I received as part of a present last year and that does not seem to be for sale, but you should be able to find similar kits locally.

Then I tried to slide the plastic enclosure but it would get stuck, and I even saw a detached WiFi antenna cable, so I thought I damaged something, but no, there are two antennas inside for people who want to install a wireless module (there aren’t any in the review sample). But this allowed me to notice the top cover was not attached with any screws, and it simply need to be pulled up with some force using your hands or a plastic tool to give access to the M.2 sockets… So there’s no need to remove any screws for a typical user, just pull out the top cover.

iKOOLCORE R2 remove top cover M.2 SSD

I could slide the plastic chassis out and also remove the thermal pad on top of the SSD to check out the model: Samsung MZ-ALQ512B. That’s a 512GB NVMe (PCIe Gen3 x4) SSD.

Samsung MZ-ALQ512B SSD

We can also see the two antenna cables that are not connected to anything, so I removed the M.2 SSD, and we can see the second M.2 2230 socket for a wireless module.

I didn’t think I had any spare M.2 WiFi modules, so I didn’t install anything, but then I realized I did, so I’ll try to install and test the Fn-Link 6252M-PUB WiFi 6 and Bluetooth 5.3 wireless module (RTL8852BE) – taken from my Rock 5B SBC – in the second part of the review.

iKOOLCORE R2 board M.2 sockets

Let’s carry on with our teardown by removing the three metal spacers on the top of the board and lifting the board…

iKOOLCORE R2 motherboard

The top board, which we’ve seen with the M.2 socket, also features two Intel “S2363L51 SRKTU” chips, which should be Intel i226-V 2.5GbE controllers, a Realtek RTL8156BG USB 3.0 to 2.5GbE controller, and RTC battery and RealTek ALC987 audio codec.

The top board is connected via two FPC cables to the bottom board with an additional “S2363L51 SRKTU” chip for the last remaining Ethernet port, as well as the HDMI port and USB-C power port. We can also see a 4-wire cable that’s connected to the PWM fan underneath the electronics. In theory, I could remove four more spacers to have a look at the processor and soldered-on memory, but I skipped that part to avoid potentially messing up the cooling system upon reassembly.

First boot to… AMI BIOS

I reassembled everything, then connected CrowView USB-C monitor to the USB-C DisplayPort connector, one Ethernet cable, two RF dongles to connect a keyboard and a mouse, and the 12V power supply. I didn’t need to press the power button, and the system started automatically and booted to ..  Aptio Setup, or in other words AMI UEFI/BIOS.

iKOOLCORE R2 Aptio Setup BIOS

So that means the iKOOLCORE R2 does not come with any pre-installed operating system which I suppose makes sense for this type of device. So I’ll skip Windows, and install some other operating system better suited to make sure of the four 2.5GbE ports. I’ll probably go with Proxmox to install multiple operating systems on the device like pfSense, Ubuntu, and/or OpenWrt, but I’m open to other ideas.

Since we have access to the BIOS, we get more technical details about my review sample which ends up being powered by an Intel Core i3-N300 processor and equipped with 8192MB RAM. There’s no information about the NVMe SSD on the main page of the BIOS, so I went to the Advanced tab to confirm the 512GB was properly detected by the system.

iKOOLCORE R2 BIOS NVMe SSD

That will be all for today. I’d like to thank iKOOLCORE for sending the R2 mini PC / router for review in a configuration with an Intel Core i3-N300 octa-core processor, 8GB RAM, and 512GB NVMe SSD. The iKOOLCORE R2 model reviewed here can be purchased for $389 on the iKOOLCORE store, but since it’s Black Friday week, there’s an additional $30 discount with BLACKFRIDAY code, so the actual price is $359 plus shipping. After the even if over, you should be able to use CNXSOFT coupon to lower the price by 5%. Pricing currently starts at $199 for the N95 model with 8GB RAM and no storage when taking into account the Black Friday discount.

Continue reading:

  1. How to use a monitor and USB mouse/keyboard in Promox VE on an Intel Alder Lake-N mini PC
  2. iKOOLCORE R2 (Core i3-N300) system review – Part2: Proxmox VE, Ubuntu 22.04, pfSense
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10 Comments
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fossxplorer
fossxplorer
6 months ago

For that price, i’ll get Ryzen 5800U with 5 2.5G ports with 2xSODIMM support

J_Simba_S
6 months ago

Have a link to that? All I find is about 100-200 more

fossxplorer
fossxplorer
6 months ago

https://www.aliexpress.com/item/1005004824701820.html
When i click “Buy Now” i get a price of 388$, which is a MUCH better value IMO.

fossxplorer
fossxplorer
6 months ago

Completely agree with you. It’s bare bone without RAM and storage, but IMHO there is so much more value in it given you add these. And the form factor is a different as well, yes. Which enables much more expansion for many use cases.
So it’s a bare bone with bigger form factor, but the much more powerful CPU combined with expansion options makes it much more attractive for me 🙂

J_Simba_S
6 months ago

Get 335$ for the 5600 and 404$ for the 5800 with no ram or storage.

J_Simba_S
6 months ago

Cannot seem to find the Black Friday code for this?

J_Simba_S
6 months ago

Works if I add BLACKFRIDAY at checkout under discountcode

Nick
Nick
4 months ago

Does the ikoolcore r2 have a hardware tpm?

Khadas VIM4 SBC