How to install Duet 2 Maestro Board on HE3D K280 3D Printer

Orange Pi Development Boards

Duet 2 Maestro

Quite a while ago I reviewed the HE3D K280 delta 3D printer.  Up until now, I did no mods other than the ones that I completed during the initial build. I have been very happy with it with the exception of the noise caused by inexpensive drivers and the salmon skin due to the drivers as well. The K280 prints big and pretty accurate at modest speeds. Today I am outlining how I upgraded to a Duet 2 Maestro mainboard. With this upgrade, I am jumping from an 8-bit board with generic drivers to a 32-bit board with TMC2224 drivers. The upgrade was quite painless and straightforward but not without a few hiccups. The Maestro is Duet’s entry-level board for about $130. I attempted the Bigtreetech SKR 1.3 with TMC2130’s but the firmware wasn’t quite there yet. I opened an issue on Marlin’s GitHub page which explains the issue in detail here. I only had one major issue with the Duet 2 Mastro board but it was kind of a duh moment when I found the solution and will talk about that more in a bit. The wiki is pretty good and can be found here.

Some specs from the Duet website.

  • Powerful 32-bit Processor.
  • Dedicated Ethernet module.
  • Super quiet TMC2224 stepper drivers, up to 256 micro-stepping.
  • High-speed SD card and support for a second SD external card if required.
  • Three heater channels for a heated bed and two extruder heaters.
  • Support for Thermistors and PT1000 sensors wired directly to the Maestro, along with Duet3D PT100 and Thermocouple daughterboards.
  • Power rating: Each stepper driver is capable of up to 1.6A peak motor current.  The bed heater channel is specifically designed for high current.
  • Connect via PC, tablet or smartphone on the same network to the onboard web interface.
  • Setup your printer and update the firmware through the web interface.
  • All common 3D printer geometries are supported.
  • Expandable up to 4 extruders with firmware support for mixing hotends and remapping axes to use 2 high power external drivers.
  • Support for the PanelDue, a full-color graphic touch screen.
  • Support for a low cost 12864 display.
  • Provided with Molex compatible plugs and crimps as well as spade connectors for power input. If setting up or re-flashing using USB, you will need to supply your own micro USB cable.
  • Support for DC42’s IR Z probe and the Duet3D Smart Effector for delta printers.

Connections

Changing from the stock board to the Duet 2 Maestro is almost plug and play. The board doesn’t fit exactly but I was able to get 2 opposing screws and spacers installed. The Maestro came with connectors needed but I was able to use the existing connectors on the cables. The pin pitch is correct just the latching mechanism is different.
Duet 2 Maestro Wires

The K280 came with endstops configured normally open with the center pin and the outside pin. I moved the center pin to the other outside pin to work with the Maestro.Z wire modifications

Duet 2 Maestro Layout
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I also had to put connectors on for the fans. Other than that it was a fast change.Duet 2 Maestro Fan Headers

I highlighted all the connections I used in green and a picture below so you can check orientation. Just be sure to make electrical connections polarity correct. Please note that the arrow indicates that the thermistor location on the board and the pinout diagram are slightly off. The 3 connections slide up and to the right.

Duet 2 Maestro Wires Description
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Configuring

Configuring the duet is done completely by G-code files. Below are the 3 G-code files needed to get started with the K280. First, take the SD card that came with the duet and mount it on your pc and navigate to the sys folder and create these 3 .g files. I recommend notepad++ for this. Modify the network settings for your network. I made the mistake when I started working on this and did this all by hand. It was good and bad. It took quite some time but the config is very clean with no extras. I commented everything to make it easy to modify. There is a web tool for this here which can make this easier for configuring another printer. After creating these and making all the connections we can move onto updating the firmware. Unmount the SD card and insert it into the Duet 2 Maestro board and power on.

RepRap Firmware Configuration Tool
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3D Printer Firmware Configuration
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3D Printer Firmware Configuration
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G-code-files-for-3D-printer

  • config.g:

  • bed.g

  • homedelta.g

Firmware

Time to upgrade the firmware. Remember I stated I made a mistake. I assumed that the printer had the latest and greatest firmware on it. I did all the configurations above and everything was nearly perfect except while printing I kept on losing steps mid-print. I adjusted the stepper currents up and down. Tried to cool the drivers. I finally updated to the latest and everything was good after that. This wiki is a little hard to follow but I was able to muddle my way through it. I recommend sticking with releases and not release candidates.

RepRap Firmware 2.03
I am running this version

Calibration

Almost there. We have to calibrate a few things. The hotend, the bed, and autocalibration. After each step run the Save to EEPROM macro or M500. You can check the status under the G-Code Console to monitor. I created a couple of macros just to do it but you can run them directly.

Tune Hotend
M303 H1 S210

tune hotend

Run Tune Bed
M303 H0 S50

tune bed

Next, connect the sensor and run Auto Delta Calibration.

3d printer sensor installation
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auto delta calibration
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auto delta calibration command

Final Words

This was really a painless upgrade. Very little modification to the printer was needed. With Duet 2 Maestro board, you get a nice Web Gui to interact with, relatively quiet steppers, and some fantastic prints. This guide is meant for a mostly stock K280 printer, basic setup, and you may need to modify some of the settings for your printer. Especially if you increase the height more than 650mm. One final note… I use baby-stepping to fine-tune the first layer. I move down more at the beginning of PLA and less if any for ABS or high temp filaments. If you don’t want to fine-tune your first layer with baby-stepping. You can adjust the probe offset with G31 Z.25 in config.g. That’s all I have today. Happy Printing.

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