Radxa CM3 is a system-on-module that offers an alternative to the Raspberry Pi CM4, with the same form factor allowing it to become a drop-in replacement, but switching from a Broadcom BCM2711 processor to a Rockchip RK3566 quad-core Cortex-A55 SoC.
Radxa CM3 will work with existing carrier boards for the Raspberry Pi Compute Module 4, albeit some features such as dual HDMI are not available, instead, providing a single HDMI, but the module also offers extra features through an additional 100-pin board-to-board with interfaces such as SATA III and USB 3.0.
Let’s compare Radxa CM3 specifications to the ones of Raspberry Pi CM4.
Raspberry Pi CM4
Rockchip RK3566 quad-core Cortex-A55
processor @ 2.0 GHz with Arm Mali-G52 2EE GPU,
0.8 TOPS AI accelerator
Broadcom BCM2711 quad-core Cortex-A72
processor @ 1.5 GHz with VideoCore VI GPU
1GB, 2GB, 4GB or 8GB LPDDR4-3200 SDRAM
None, 8GB, 16GB, 32GB, 64GB, 128GB eMMC Flash memory up to 250MB/s
None, 8GB, 16GB, 32GB, 64GB, 128GB eMMC Flash memory up to 100MB/s
SDIO 2.0 for CM4Lite only
1x HDMI up to 4K60
2x 4-lane MIPI DSI display interfaces
1x 4-lane LVDS multiplexed with 1x MIPI DSI
1x eDP up to 4K60
2x HDMI up to 4K60
1x 2-lane MIPI DSI display interface
1x 4-lane MIPI DSI display interface
1x 2-lane MIPI CSI camera port
1x 4-lane MIPI CSI camera port
No (must be on carrier board)
Gigabit Ethernet PHY (RTL8211F)
with optional IEEE 1588 support
Gigabit Ethernet PHY with IEEE 1588 support
Optional Wi-Fi 5 & Bluetooth 5.0
1x USB 2.0, 1x USB 3.0 (5 Gbps)
1x USB 2.0
1× 1-lane PCIe Gen 2 (5Gbps)
2x SATA multiplexed
with PCIe and USB 3.0 interfaces
Up to 8 × UART
Up to 8 × I2C
Up to 4 × SPI
1x SDIO interface
Up to 8x PWM
1.8V and 3.3V support
Up to 5x UART
Up to 5x I2C
Up to 5x SPI
1x SDIO interface
1x DPI (Parallel RGB Display)
2x PWM channels
Up to 3x GPCLK outputs
1.8V and 3.3V support
3x 100-pin B2B connectors
2x 100-pin B2B connectors
Single 5V input voltage
55 x 40 x 4.7mm
Comparing Broadcom BCM2711 quad-core processor and Rockchip RK3566, as the Cortex-A72 may still be faster on some workloads despite the lower frequency, and some other workloads may be dramatically faster on RK3566, for example for those using Armv8 Crypto extensions missing on all Raspberry Pi, which we have recently seen can deliver shocking performance difference in our recent Radxa Zero vs Raspberry Pi Zero 2 W comparison. Radxa CM3 should also come with an entry-level 800 MOPS AI accelerator, faster eMMC flash (if present), a built-in audio codec, plus the SATA and USB 3.0 interfaces we’ve mentioned in the introduction, as well as some extra GPIOs.
Radxa also developed two carrier boards for their CM3 with the full-featured, half mini-ITX ROCK3 Compute Module IO board and the ultra-compact Radxa E23 with two Ethernet ports (2.5GbE + GbE), one USB 3.0 port, MicroSD card slot, and an AV port. Radxa CM3 can also be used on existing Raspberry Pi CM4 carrier boards, and the company has tested the official Raspberry Pi Compute Module 4 IO board, Seeed Studio dual Gigabit Ethernet carrier board, Waveshare CM4 IO Base, as well as Mcuzone CM4 Mini & CM4 Tiny boards as explained in the wiki. Software support will include Ubuntu, Debian and Android.
Besides the extra features, another reason to use Radxa CM3 in your design, or at least as an alternative, are potential Raspberry Pi CM4 supply issues, or more exactly the limited supply of Broadcom and other parts that lead to the recent Raspberry Pi 4 2GB price increase. You would not even need to rely on Radxa as the only backup supplier, since the Pine64 SOQuartz module, also based on Rockchip RK3566 and compatible with Raspberry Pi CM4, should become available soon.
The price list appears to match the one of Raspberry Pi CM4 with Radxa CM3 selling between $25 and $90 depending on the selected options.
Radxa CM3 will remain in production until at least September 2029 to match the supply needs of the industry. The module does not appear for sale just yet, but interested developers can submit a pull request to receive an early sample.
Jean-Luc started CNX Software in 2010 as a part-time endeavor, before quitting his job as a software engineering manager, and starting to write daily news, and reviews full time later in 2011.