UP 4000 x86 SBC review – Part 1: Unboxing and first boot

AAEON UP 4000 is a compact Apollo Lake single board computer that’s about the size of a business card or a Raspberry Pi designed for automation, robotics, digital signage, and other space-constrained applications that may benefit from an x86 processor.

The company already published some Phoronix benchmarks comparing the UP 4000 SBC against Raspberry Pi 4, NVIDIA Jetson Nano, and the original UP board, but since nothing beats third-party evaluation, AAEON sent a review sample to CNX Software for additional testing.

UP 4000 SBC unboxing

UP 4000 unboxing

There are several variants of the board, and I received the UP-APL03X7F-A10-0464 SKU with 4GB RAM, 64GB eMMC flash, and an Intel Atom x7-E3950 quad-core processor.

UP-APL03X7F-A10-0464

The package includes the board together with a multilingual safety manual that explains you should not immerse the board underwater and should avoid walking on it :). A 12V/5A power supply was also included separately. The power cord was not included, but the power adapter just requires a standard 3-prong power cord, and I could borrow the one from my projector.

UP 4000 power supply safety manual

The top of the board comes with the eMMC flash, RAM chips, and a chip marked LCMXO2-640HC that happens to be a Lattice MachXO2 FPGA used for the I/Os on the board.

UP 4000 SBC top

We also find all the standard ports and most of the headers there including three USB 3.2 ports, an HDMI port, a Gigabit Ethernet RJ45 jack, a USB 3.2 Type-C port, and the 12V DC jack, plus a 40-pin GPIO header, a UART wafer and an audio PFC connector on the top left.

UP 4000 SBC review

The bottom of the board is fitted with a thick heatsink that covers almost the entirety of the board and reminds me of the AMD Ryzen-based DFI GHF51 SBC I reviewed a few years back. A tiny power button can be found on that side of the board too just above the power jack.

UP 4000 wafers

There’s also a 2-pin fan header (12V), a 10-pin wafer with 2x USB 2.0 and HSUART interfaces (that can be used for WiFi , Bluetooth, or add two USB Type-A ports) on the left side of the photo above, as well as a 4-pin wafer for an optional power button (right).

Intel SBC CMOS battery

The CMOS battery is attached to the USB 3.2+HDMI combo connector through a dual-sided tape.

Khadas Edge2 vs UP 4000 vs Rock 5B vs Raspberry Pi 4

I took a photo of the UP 4000 together with Khadas Edge2 and Raspberry Pi 4 together with the larger Rock 5B pico-ITX SBC for size comparison. That’s great to have an x86 single board computer with the same size as other business card-sized boards based on Arm processors…

SBC Thickness: Khadas Edge2 UP 4000 Rock 5B Raspberry Pi 4

…but the heatsink required to make it fanless negates some of the advantages due to the extra thickness and weight, although to be fair the Rockchip RK3588(s) boards from Khadas and Radxa use a fan for cooling. But they should not require a 3cm thick heatsink for fanless operation even under load. Whether it matters or not all depends on the use case.

First boot with UP 4000 board

I connected the board to a USB keyboard, a USB mouse, Ethernet, and an HDMI display, before connecting the power supply to check the board can boot properly, and I was curious to find out which operating system was installed…

UP 4000 EFI Shell

It turns out none, as I was greeted with an EFI shell. So I just grabbed a USB flash drive I have around with the Ubuntu 22.04 ISO, which I used to install the Linux operating system without issue while spending time writing this article.

Intel Atom x7-E3950 Ubuntu 22.04

I’ll check the UP 4000 board in more detail with Ubuntu 22.04 in the second part of the review. Since the processor has been around for a while, we’ve already reviewed Chuwi GBOX Pro mini PC with the Intel Atom x7-E3950 using both Windows 10 and Ubuntu 18.04 around 3 years ago.

I’d like to thank AAEON for sending the UP 4000 SBC for review. The model reviewed here is available for pre-order for $225.99 with the 12V/5A power supply on the UP shop.

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18 Comments
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Lucien
Lucien
2 months ago

A 2016 SOC for $225.99. If it had the Apple label on it, their cult members would eat it up.

But back on planet normal, the more up to date I/O just doesn’t compensate for this price.

I just can’t see who would likely want this as opposed to other, more powerful boards out there for the same price or less.

tkaiser
tkaiser
2 months ago

> planet normal … I just can’t see who would likely want this as opposed to other, more powerful boards out there for the same price or less

Maybe since you’re living on ‘planet consumer/hobbyist’? For professional/commercial/industrial customers the HW costs are just one and rather small piece of the puzzle. They might ‘need’ Windows. Ever checked pricing of those few ARM boards that ship with a Linux SDK that does not suck?

rupe01
rupe01
2 months ago

If they really “need” Windows then they can just get an Atomic Pi for forty bucks and install Elektrohaxz’ excellent version made for it.

tkaiser
tkaiser
2 months ago

For consumers/hobbyists who need just a single or some x86 thingies, don’t care about bigger size, lower specs, warranty handling and don’t need to secure supply for the lifetime of their own product this is an excellent plan.

For professional/commercial/industrial customers all or most of this matters since they don’t have this board sitting on their desk playing Solitaire but integrate it into products.

KarelG
KarelG
2 months ago

Atomic Pi was not available during the last 2 years and now it’s listed in pre-order mode again. So hardly any competition with what’s hopefully to be available in reliable quantity.

rupe01
rupe01
1 month ago

What? They are freely available on Amazon in USA and have been for years. Maybe you are in a different country but there’s plenty available here.

FreekiedeCakie
FreekiedeCakie
2 months ago

For the same reason vortex86 CPUs are still around.

Daniel Berlin
Daniel Berlin
2 months ago

The reason people buy them is usually for am x86 device with an rpi compatible hat connector (but it doesn’t work right on at least the Elkhart lake ones). Otherwise they are unremarkable

The odyssey j4125 is a better choice for that purpose.

FreekiedeCakie
FreekiedeCakie
2 months ago

Yea, I don’t think this one’s meant for consumers.

Ustix
Ustix
2 months ago

The power supply is just killing all the meaning of it being small. That’s just not how it works, you put a power supply double the size of the sbc, and also put a heating which is the size of the sbc? That’s just nonsense.

Anahdraw Naidra
Anahdraw Naidra
2 months ago

The industrial edge systems it meant to be used most likely already have +12V rail available.

Ustix
Ustix
2 months ago

I think you are right, I haven’t thought about industrial usage, I was thinking about personal hobby use, which I’m doing. Also the article haven’t spoken about it either so it haven’t come in to my mind. Not the heating nor the power supply is a problem then of course.

Leptone81
Leptone81
2 months ago

What about Intel ME?

DannyB
DannyB
2 months ago

The up elkhart lake edge devices have significant unaddressed issues with SPI (bios updates don’t fix, this is the proper iotg kernel, etc). Cs0 on the hat connector just doesn’t work, and the SPI with cs1, when it works, dies if you open and close the device a few times. I’ve tried the devices, all exhibit the same behaviors (and I’ve verified it with logic analyzers, etc). The only reason (I know of) that people buy overpriced devices from them is for the rpi compatible HAT. The up forums is just crickets on this and other issues. I wouldn’t buy… Read more »

fse
fse
2 months ago

thanks, for this info !!

Milkboy
Milkboy
2 months ago

Look at that heatsink on a tiny board….😍
i feel weird…
🤔is there such thing as a heatsink porn?

I wish all SBC (especially raspberry pi) come with a huge heatsink from factory.

Nd D
Nd D
1 month ago

“But they should not require a 3cm thick fan for fanless operation”

You mean 3cm thick heatsink?

Weller PCB manufacturer